Chp 13 all sections

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Chapter 13 - Life in the Roaring 20s

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Chp 13 all sections

  1. 1. WARM-UP DOES THE GOVERNMENT HAVE THE RIGHT TO CONTROL CERTAIN SUBSTANCES IF THEY HAVE HARMFUL SIDE EFFECTS? WHY OR WHY NOT?
  2. 2. CHAPTER 13 LIFE IN THE 20’S
  3. 3. Popularity in 1925 Rank Male name Female name 1 Robert Mary 2 John Dorothy 3 William Betty 4 James Helen 5 Charles Margaret 6 George Ruth 7 Joseph Virginia 8 Richard Doris 9 Edward Mildred 10 Donald Elizabeth 11 Thomas Frances 12 Frank Evelyn 13 Paul Anna 14 Harold Jean 15 Raymond Alice 16 Walter Marie 17 Jack Shirley 18 Henry Lois 19 Kenneth Irene 20 Arthur Gloria
  4. 4. CHANGING WAYS OF LIFE 13.1
  5. 5. CHANGING LIFESTYLES <ul><li>Rural v. Urban society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1922-1929 : 2 million people moved to cities per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens in 1920? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More ppl live in urban than rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How might attitudes change? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Prohibition -18 th amendment </li></ul><ul><li>“ Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is banned? What is not? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. WAYS AROUND IT <ul><li>Homemade wine and hard cider not illegal </li></ul><ul><li>Religious wine is allowed (Number of “rabbis” increases 10x - including Irish and African-American) </li></ul><ul><li>Go out of country – Bahamas benefits financially </li></ul>http://www.wordtravels.com/images/map/Bahamas_map.jpg
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Speakeasies – Illegal clubs where one needed a password </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bootlegging – illegally manufacturing alcohol “hooch” “moonshine” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in organized crime due to prohibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Al Capone earned over $60 million a year </li></ul></ul></ul>http://www.life.com/image/3202953/in-gallery/42092/prohibition-when-booze-ruled
  9. 9. MEDICINAL LIQUOR <ul><li>Doctors could prescribe 3 pints of liquor a month </li></ul><ul><li>Walgreens 1913 - 12 stores Mid 1920s - 44 stores 1930 - 397 stores </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Impossible to enforce due to huge borders and underfunding </li></ul><ul><li>1 enforcement agent per 70,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>States spent 1/8th of $ on prohibition as on fish and game enforcement </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><ul><li>December 5,1933 – The “Great Experiment” ends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 st amendment repeals the18 th </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Fundamentalism v. Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundamentalist: strict interpretation of the Bible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What big issue might they disagree over? </li></ul>CHANGING IDEAS AND THEORIES
  13. 15. JOHN SCOPES <ul><li>Biology teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Broke Tennessee law banning teaching of evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested </li></ul>
  14. 16. SCOPES “MONKEY” TRIAL <ul><li>The attorney for Scopes </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Agnostic </li></ul><ul><li>Special prosecutor </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamentalist </li></ul><ul><li>Failed three times as Presidential candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Trial attracted large crowds </li></ul><ul><li>Clarence Darrow </li></ul><ul><li>William Jennings Bryan </li></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>Scopes convicted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fined $100 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Supreme Court reversed decision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example of how new scientific theories and fundamentalist religious beliefs clashed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>highlighted the struggle between science and religion in schools </li></ul></ul>
  16. 22. LEFT SIDE ACTIVITY 43 LEFT <ul><li>Draw a picture of Scopes, Darrow, and Bryan. </li></ul><ul><li>Give each a thought bubble describing their role in the trial. </li></ul>
  17. 23. THE TWENTIES WOMAN 13.2
  18. 24. <ul><ul><li>The flapper – new style for women in 1920’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dresses above or at knee, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>waistless dress, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>short dark hair, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smoking, drinking, dancing, saw men as equals </li></ul></ul>http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_8uCeLmSOjzE/S8SnNS7d8VI/AAAAAAAAAFs/vYP1--dA-jA/s1600/a_flapper.jpg
  19. 25. <ul><ul><li>Not all young women were flappers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More a symbol of rebellious youth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many protested the image </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. <ul><li>Female factory workers replaced by men returning from WWI </li></ul><ul><li>“ Women's professions” – teachers, nurses, typists, secretaries, clerks </li></ul><ul><li>Lower salaries, no management opportunities </li></ul>CHANGING WORK
  21. 27. CHANGING FAMILY <ul><li>What might happen to birthrate as nation urbanizes? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declines due to economy and birth control information </li></ul></ul>
  22. 28. CHANGING HOME
  23. 29. <ul><li>Marriages based on </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on raising children and being a family </li></ul><ul><li>Children attend most of the day instead of work </li></ul><ul><li>Teens spend less time with </li></ul>CHANGING LIVES
  24. 30. WARM-UP <ul><li>Think about the first time you saw a new and cool technology. </li></ul><ul><li>What was it? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you react? </li></ul>
  25. 31. EDUCATION & POPULAR CULTURE 13.3
  26. 32. SCHOOLING & LITERACY <ul><li>Four times as many high school students in 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>HS not just for college bound anymore </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy increases dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers and magazines are widely read </li></ul>
  27. 33. RADIO <ul><li>Listeners “tune in” for comedy, news, music, variety shows, drama </li></ul><ul><li>Now listeners could hear news as it happened, hear the President’s voice, listen to the World Series live </li></ul>http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ug00/3on1/radioshow/1920radio.htm
  28. 34. CHARLES LINDBERGH <ul><li>Plane – Spirit of St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>1927 flies from Long Island, __________ to ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Flew ________ without stopping </li></ul><ul><li>Flight took _____ hours </li></ul><ul><li>Became national hero </li></ul><ul><li>Famous kidnapping </li></ul>http://www.census.gov/history/img/StLouis1920s.jpg
  29. 35. CHARLES LINDBERGH <ul><li>Plane – Spirit of St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>1927 flies from Long Island, __________ to ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Flew ________ without stopping </li></ul><ul><li>Flight took _____ hours </li></ul><ul><li>Became national hero </li></ul><ul><li>Famous kidnapping </li></ul>http://www.census.gov/history/img/StLouis1920s.jpg
  30. 36. <ul><ul><li>1903 – “First” Narrative (tells a story) – The Great Train Robbery http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bc7wWOmEGGY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buster Keaton – Physical Comedian https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BCDXCtREOXI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1927 – First “Talkie” (movie with dialogue) – Jazz Singer </li></ul></ul>MOVIES http://www.annyas.com/screenshots/updates/the-great-train-robbery-1903/ http://www.impawards.com/1927/jazz_singer.html
  31. 37. <ul><ul><li>1928 – First w/ sound effects, music, and dialogue – Steamboat Willie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BBgghnQF6E4&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active </li></ul></ul>
  32. 38. <ul><li>George Gershwin – Fuses elements of Jazz with classical music (new sound) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rhapsody in Blue” – Clip 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Clip 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Clip 3 </li></ul>http://www.vinylrevinyl.com/record-shop/classical-vinyl/george-gershwin/
  33. 39. <ul><li>Georgia O’Keeffe- Popular Artist </li></ul>http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=g&p=c&a=s&ID=112
  34. 40. WRITERS OF THE 1920’S <ul><li>F. Scott Fitzgerald </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Gatsby </li></ul><ul><li>Sinclair Lewis </li></ul><ul><li>Babbitt </li></ul><ul><li>First American to win Nobel Prize in Lit. </li></ul><ul><li>Ernest Hemingway </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun Also Rises </li></ul><ul><li>Farewell to Arms </li></ul>http://www.everseradio.com/e-verse-top-100-cool-novels-79-babbitt-by-sinclair-lewis-1922/ http://img.neoseeker.com/boxview.php?iid=13293&eid=32931&type=front Many moved to Paris and became the “Lost Generation”
  35. 41. 42 LEFT SUPER VOCAB – QUIZ FRIDAY <ul><li>Bootlegging </li></ul><ul><li>Moonshine </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasy </li></ul><ul><li>Scopes Trial </li></ul><ul><li>Also on Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan, Flapper </li></ul>
  36. 42. Warm-up <ul><li>What or where is Harlem? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Renaissance? </li></ul>
  37. 43. 42 Left Super Vocab – Quiz Friday <ul><li>Bootlegging </li></ul><ul><li>Moonshine </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasy </li></ul><ul><li>Scopes Trial </li></ul><ul><li>Also on Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan, Flapper </li></ul>
  38. 44. Harlem Renaissance 13.4
  39. 45. <ul><li>The Great Migration moved many African Americans north </li></ul><ul><li>NAACP --Anti-lynching main target </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by James Weldon Johnson – poet and lawyer </li></ul></ul>http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap9/jwjohnson.html
  40. 46. <ul><li>My City </li></ul><ul><li>by James Weldon Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>When I come down to sleep death's endless night, The threshold of the unknown dark to cross, What to me then will be the keenest loss, When this bright world blurs on my fading sight? Will it be that no more I shall see the trees Or smell the flowers or hear the singing birds Or watch the flashing streams or patient herds? No, I am sure it will be none of these. </li></ul><ul><li>But, ah! Manhattan's sights and sounds, her smells, Her crowds, her throbbing force, the thrill that comes From being of her a part, her subtle spells, Her shining towers, her avenues, her slums-- O God! the stark, unutterable pity, To be dead, and never again behold my city! </li></ul><ul><li>http://eiffel.ilt.columbia.edu/teachers/cluster_teachers/Dick_Parsons/Cluster_2/Amy's%20web%20Quest/james_weldon_johnson.htm </li></ul>
  41. 47. <ul><li>UNIA (Univ. Negro Improvement Assoc.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marcus Garvey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed African Americans should build a separate society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Back to Africa Movement” </li></ul></ul>http://www.africawithin.com/garvey/garvey_bio.htm
  42. 48. Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>Harlem – Neighborhood in NYC </li></ul><ul><li>“ Capital of Black America” </li></ul><ul><li>Literary and artistic flowering began in 1920’s </li></ul>
  43. 49. Literature <ul><li>Langston Hughes </li></ul><ul><li>Best known poet of Harlem Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Many poems have rhythmic feel of jazz or blues </li></ul>http://www.afropoets.net/langstonhughes.html
  44. 50. Bessie Smith 1895-1937 <ul><li>“ Empress of the Blues” </li></ul><ul><li>Most successful female Blues singer of 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6MzU8xM99Uo&feature=related </li></ul>http://www.vinylrevinyl.com/record-shop/blues-vinyl/bessie-smith/
  45. 51. <ul><li>The Weary Blues </li></ul><ul><li>Droning a drowsy syncopated tune, Rocking back and forth to a mellow croon,      I heard a Negro play. Down on Lenox Avenue the other night By the pale dull pallor of an old gas light      He did a lazy sway . . .      He did a lazy sway . . . To the tune o' those Weary Blues. With his ebony hands on each ivory key He made that poor piano moan with melody.      O Blues! Swaying to and fro on his rickety stool He played that sad raggy tune like a musical fool.      Sweet Blues! Coming from a black man's soul.      O Blues! </li></ul>In a deep song voice with a melancholy tone I heard that Negro sing, that old piano moan--      &quot;Ain't got nobody in all this world,        Ain't got nobody but ma self.        I's gwine to quit ma frownin'        And put ma troubles on the shelf.“ Thump, thump, thump, went his foot on the floor. He played a few chords then he sang some more--      &quot;I got the Weary Blues        And I can't be satisfied.        Got the Weary Blues        And can't be satisfied--        I ain't happy no mo'        And I wish that I had died.“ And far into the night he crooned that tune. The stars went out and so did the moon. The singer stopped playing and went to bed While the Weary Blues echoed through his head. He slept like a rock or a man that's dead.
  46. 52. Paul Robeson http://www.africawithin.com/bios/paul_robeson.htm <ul><li>Singer and actor </li></ul><ul><li>Son of former slave </li></ul><ul><li>Performed in Shakespeare’s Othello </li></ul><ul><li>Still, experienced racism in US </li></ul>
  47. 53. <ul><li>Famous whites-only Harlem nightclub visited by jazz fans </li></ul>Cab Calloway – famous performer and bandleader who helped popularize “scat” singing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08wOPt-2PeE&feature=related
  48. 54. Louis Armstrong 1901-1971 <ul><li>“ Satchmo” </li></ul><ul><li>Famous band leader and trumpeter </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyLjbMBpGDA&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active </li></ul>
  49. 55. <ul><li>Duke Ellington 1899-1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Pianist </li></ul><ul><li>Composer </li></ul><ul><li>Led his “big band” </li></ul><ul><li>http://dukeellington.com/videomultimedia.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ggcQk67Mco&feature=related </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schooltube.com/video/44e6255641a8a806988c/Duke%20Ellington </li></ul>

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