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Growth of a Young Nation

Growth of a Young Nation

Published in: Education
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  • 1. GROWTH OF A YOUNG NATION 1800-1850’s
  • 2. Thomas Jefferson-3rd President (1800-1808)
    • Jeffersonian Democracy
      • Simple government controlled by the people
  • 3. Marbury vs. Madison 1803
    • establishes Judicial Review
      • Courts can declare a law or an action unconstitutional
  • 4. 1803 – Louisiana Purchase
    • US paid France $15 million dollars
    • doubled size of the country
    • actually started westward movement
  • 5. Sent Lewis and Clark to explore and map new territory
  • 6. Sacajawea, guide for Lewis and Clark
  • 7. James Madison - 4th president (1808-1816)
  • 8. War of 1812
    • Against England
    • Cause:
      • Impressment, forcing U.S. sailors to serve in British navy
    • U.S. successful at sea but were a failure on land
  • 9. British capture Washington, D.C. and burn public buildings
  • 10. Gave proof through the night, That our flag was still there.. Francis Scott Key writes “The Star Spangled Banner” poem Becomes the National Anthem in 1931
  • 11. 1814-Battle of New Orleans
    • Only U.S. victory on land
    • Army led by Andrew Jackson
      • Unnecessary battle
      • War ended 3 weeks earlier
  • 12. Treaty of Ghent
    • Ends War of 1812
      • maintains status quo
    • two major results of the war:
      • encouraged American industrialization
      • confirmed U.S. as a free and independent country
    • known as the official end of American Revolution
  • 13. James Monroe-5th President (1816-1824)
  • 14. Known for establishing security & expansion for nation
    • Convention of 1818
      • U.S.-Canadian border-49 th parallel
      • England-U.S. occupy Oregon Territory
    • Adams-Onis Treaty
      • obtained Florida from Spain
      • established western border between US and Spanish territory
  • 15. Monroe Doctrine-1820
      • warned European nations to stay out of western hemisphere affairs
      • no further colonization
  • 16. Andrew Jackson-6th President (1828-1836)
    • Jacksonian Democracy
      • average citizen participates in government
    • “ spoils system”
      • appointing people to government positions on basis of Party loyalty
  • 17. Indian Removal Act-1830
    • Relocated Native Americans west of the Mississippi River
    • Trail of Tears
      • Cherokee forced to leave Georgia
      • 4,000 died on 116 day trip, Arkansas-Oklahoma, in freezing weather
  • 18. Manifest Destiny - Belief that America was to own all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
  • 19. Americans move west to California and Oregon
  • 20. Republic of Texas-1836
    • achieved independence in 1836
    • refused statehood due to being a slave territory
    • England showed interest in colonizing Texas
    • U.S. admitted Texas as the 28th State-1845
  • 21. Battle of the Alamo
  • 22.  
  • 23. War with Mexico-1846
    • Annexation of Texas one of the causes
      • lasted one year
      • U.S. wins
    • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
      • Ended the war
      • gave U.S. land from Texas to California
      • U.S. gave Mexico $15,000,000
  • 24. California Gold Rush - 1849 Gold discovered near Sacramento, Sutter’s Mill. 80,000 people from around the world went to Calif. By 1850 it became a State
  • 25. Market Revolution (1820-1850)
    • Beginning of the Industrial Revolution in U.S.
      • new inventions fueled economic growth
      • changed from hand-made goods (in homes) to machine-made goods (in Factories)
    • Free Enterprise system begins
      • private business free to operate for profits
      • entrepreneurs invest money in new industries
  • 26. Inventions
    • 1793 - Eli Whitney
      • invents the cotton gin
      • separated cotton seeds from the fiber
      • increased need for more slaves to feed cotton gin
  • 27. 1837-Samuel Morse invents the telegraph
    • morse code
      • series of dots/dashes that make up letters
    • 1854-23,000 miles of wire
      • Connected people of different regions of the country
  • 28. 1807-steam engine-Robert Fulton
    • steam powered transportation
      • faster trips
      • cheaper rates
    • 1830
      • over 200 steamboats traveling along the rivers
  • 29. Women Reforms
    • played key role in abolitionist movement and temperance movement
      • won some improvements in education
    • 1848-Seneca Falls Convention
      • called for equal rights/suffrage
        • Sojourner Truth (Isabella Baumfree)
        • former slave, powerful speaker

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