Chapter 4 Notes
 
<ul><li>Frederick Douglas, escaped slave </li></ul><ul><li>made speeches  against slavery </li></ul><ul><li>owned  newspap...
Compromise of 1820 “Missouri Compromise”   <ul><li>Missouri, a slave territory, applied to be a State </li></ul><ul><li>wo...
<ul><li>maintains the balance of power in congress (12 Free/12 Slave) </li></ul><ul><li>Drew a line dividing the Louisiana...
Nat Turner <ul><li>Virginia slave, led slave revolt, 1831   </li></ul><ul><li>50 followers attacked 4 plantations killing ...
Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>California admitted as Free State </li></ul><ul><li>South was given The Fugitive Slave Law </li...
 
 
“ The Underground Railroad”   <ul><li>Secret network of volunteers who hid fugitive slaves fleeing north </li></ul>
1854 - Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>“ Popular Sovereignty” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allow people to decide whether  or not to ...
“ Bleeding Kansas”- 1855 <ul><li>Kansas became battleground over slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>some say Civil War actually...
1857 - Dred Scott Case   <ul><li>moved from slave state to free state and back to slave state </li></ul><ul><li>Dred Scott...
1858-Lincoln-Douglas debates <ul><li>U.S. senate race- Illinois </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Douglas was for popular sovereignty ...
Nov. 1860 - Lincoln elected 16th   President,   (ultimate cause of Civil War)
Dec. 1860 – South Carolina secedes from the Union <ul><li>10 other slave states  (including Texas)  seceded forming  The C...
Four slave states did not secede/became known as  “Border States”  ( Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware )
Fort Sumter <ul><li>Union fort </li></ul><ul><li>Falls to south  </li></ul><ul><li>starts combat </li></ul>
CIVIL WAR 1861-1865
Northern Leaders <ul><li>President Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>from 1863  - General Ulysses S. Grant </li></ul>
Southern Leaders <ul><li>President  </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson Davis </li></ul><ul><li>General Robert E. Lee </li></ul>
Strategies <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>blockade southern ports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop trade with Europe </li></ul>...
Union ADVANTAGES  DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Larger military </li></ul><ul><li>More Factories </li...
  Confederate  ADVANTAGES  DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>Fight a defensive war </li></ul><ul><li>Knew the land </li></ul><ul><li>G...
 
Major Battles
July, 1861 Battle of Bull Run Manassas, Virginia <ul><li>first land battle </li></ul><ul><li>25 miles from D.C. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>1861-Antietam, MA.  bloodiest single  day battle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26,000 total casualties </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Battle of the Ironclads  1862
July, 1863-Vicksburg, Miss. and Gettysburg, Pa. <ul><li>both major victories for the North </li></ul><ul><li>Vicksburg   <...
1863-Gettysburg Address honoring the fallen after the battle
<ul><li>1863-Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul><ul><li>speech made by Lincoln freeing slaves in the south only </li></ul...
1864 - Sherman’s March to the Sea <ul><li>from  Tenn.  through Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>burned/destroyed farms, cities, r...
 
April, 1865-Appomattox Court House, Va.   Lee surrenders to Grant  with generous terms ,  war ends
THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA (1865-1877)
Two Different Plans <ul><li>Lincoln’s Plan  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reunite the nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very lenie...
 
<ul><li>April, 1865 Lincoln assassinated  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Andrew Johnson - president <ul><li>Lincoln’s V.P.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tried to run Lincoln’s plan  </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Johnson’s Impeachment Trial <ul><li>Came within one vote of being removed from office </li></ul>
South divided into military districts   Controlled by military governors
A different type of invasion
Sharecropping <ul><li>new form of slavery starts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex-slaves agree to farm land owned by someone else ...
Ku Klux Klan born <ul><li>goal  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rid south of Reconstruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intimidate ex...
Civil War Amendments passed <ul><li>1865 - 13 th </li></ul><ul><ul><li>outlawed slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1866 - 14 t...
<ul><li>Southern States pass  “Black Codes” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which limit ex-slaves rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jim ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Ch.4 powerpoint

1,173

Published on

The Civil War and Reconstruction

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,173
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ch.4 powerpoint

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Notes
  2. 3. <ul><li>Frederick Douglas, escaped slave </li></ul><ul><li>made speeches against slavery </li></ul><ul><li>owned newspaper called “North Star” </li></ul>Abolition - Effort to end slavery
  3. 4. Compromise of 1820 “Missouri Compromise” <ul><li>Missouri, a slave territory, applied to be a State </li></ul><ul><li>would be admitted if Maine was admitted as a Free State </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>maintains the balance of power in congress (12 Free/12 Slave) </li></ul><ul><li>Drew a line dividing the Louisiana Territory </li></ul><ul><li>everything above must be free, except Missouri </li></ul>
  5. 6. Nat Turner <ul><li>Virginia slave, led slave revolt, 1831 </li></ul><ul><li>50 followers attacked 4 plantations killing 60 people </li></ul><ul><li>eventually captured and hanged </li></ul>
  6. 7. Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>California admitted as Free State </li></ul><ul><li>South was given The Fugitive Slave Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>runaway slaves were to be returned even if caught in the North </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. “ The Underground Railroad” <ul><li>Secret network of volunteers who hid fugitive slaves fleeing north </li></ul>
  8. 11. 1854 - Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>“ Popular Sovereignty” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allow people to decide whether or not to have slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>cancels Missouri Compromise </li></ul>
  9. 12. “ Bleeding Kansas”- 1855 <ul><li>Kansas became battleground over slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>some say Civil War actually started here </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. 1857 - Dred Scott Case <ul><li>moved from slave state to free state and back to slave state </li></ul><ul><li>Dred Scott sued for his freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court ruled that slaves are considered property and have no rights </li></ul>
  11. 14. 1858-Lincoln-Douglas debates <ul><li>U.S. senate race- Illinois </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Douglas was for popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln said Union could not exist half slave, half free A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ House divided against itself, cannot stand.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Douglas wins but Lincoln becomes popular </li></ul>
  12. 15. Nov. 1860 - Lincoln elected 16th President, (ultimate cause of Civil War)
  13. 16. Dec. 1860 – South Carolina secedes from the Union <ul><li>10 other slave states (including Texas) seceded forming The Confederate States of America </li></ul>
  14. 17. Four slave states did not secede/became known as “Border States” ( Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware )
  15. 18. Fort Sumter <ul><li>Union fort </li></ul><ul><li>Falls to south </li></ul><ul><li>starts combat </li></ul>
  16. 19. CIVIL WAR 1861-1865
  17. 20. Northern Leaders <ul><li>President Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>from 1863 - General Ulysses S. Grant </li></ul>
  18. 21. Southern Leaders <ul><li>President </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson Davis </li></ul><ul><li>General Robert E. Lee </li></ul>
  19. 22. Strategies <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>blockade southern ports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop trade with Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>split South in half by capturing Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>capture Richmond, Virginia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South’s capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><li>Fight a defensive war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>attack if possible </li></ul></ul>
  20. 23. Union ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Larger military </li></ul><ul><li>More Factories </li></ul><ul><li>More Rail lines </li></ul>Poor leaders Did not know the land No Cause (save the Union) until 1863 (Free the slaves)
  21. 24. Confederate ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>Fight a defensive war </li></ul><ul><li>Knew the land </li></ul><ul><li>Great leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Cause, INDEPENDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller population </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller military </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer factories </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer rail lines </li></ul>
  22. 26. Major Battles
  23. 27. July, 1861 Battle of Bull Run Manassas, Virginia <ul><li>first land battle </li></ul><ul><li>25 miles from D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>North expected quick, easy victory </li></ul><ul><li>major victory for South </li></ul><ul><li>many southern soldiers thought war was over and went home to celebrate </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>1861-Antietam, MA. bloodiest single day battle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26,000 total casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1862-Shiloh, Tenn. </li></ul><ul><li>North begins splitting South in half in Tenn. </li></ul>
  25. 29. Battle of the Ironclads 1862
  26. 30. July, 1863-Vicksburg, Miss. and Gettysburg, Pa. <ul><li>both major victories for the North </li></ul><ul><li>Vicksburg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>split the South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South lost 28,000 men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>turning point in the war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>southern morale drops </li></ul>
  27. 31. 1863-Gettysburg Address honoring the fallen after the battle
  28. 32. <ul><li>1863-Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul><ul><li>speech made by Lincoln freeing slaves in the south only </li></ul><ul><li>changed the cause for the North </li></ul>
  29. 33. 1864 - Sherman’s March to the Sea <ul><li>from Tenn. through Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>burned/destroyed farms, cities, railroads – 1 st total war </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta totally destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>splits South again </li></ul>
  30. 35. April, 1865-Appomattox Court House, Va. Lee surrenders to Grant with generous terms , war ends
  31. 36. THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA (1865-1877)
  32. 37. Two Different Plans <ul><li>Lincoln’s Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reunite the nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very lenient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radical Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>make the South “pay” for starting the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>military occupation of the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black suffrage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voting rights </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 39. <ul><li>April, 1865 Lincoln assassinated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radical Reconstruction wins control </li></ul></ul>
  34. 40. Andrew Johnson - president <ul><li>Lincoln’s V.P. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tried to run Lincoln’s plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not strong enough to control Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st President to become impeached </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be accused </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 41. Johnson’s Impeachment Trial <ul><li>Came within one vote of being removed from office </li></ul>
  36. 42. South divided into military districts Controlled by military governors
  37. 43. A different type of invasion
  38. 44. Sharecropping <ul><li>new form of slavery starts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex-slaves agree to farm land owned by someone else </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>able to keep some of the crop for themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>always in debt </li></ul></ul>
  39. 45. Ku Klux Klan born <ul><li>goal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rid south of Reconstruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intimidate ex-slaves </li></ul></ul>
  40. 46. Civil War Amendments passed <ul><li>1865 - 13 th </li></ul><ul><ul><li>outlawed slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1866 - 14 th </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex-slaves became U.S. citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1870 - 15 th </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex-slaves given the right to vote </li></ul></ul>
  41. 47. <ul><li>Southern States pass “Black Codes” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which limit ex-slaves rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>made segregation legal in the South </li></ul></ul>
  1. Gostou de algum slide específico?

    Recortar slides é uma maneira fácil de colecionar informações para acessar mais tarde.

×