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Ch.10 powerpoint
 

Ch.10 powerpoint

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  • WHAT IS GOING ON IN THIS CARTOON? IS THIS A PRO, ANTI OR NEUTRAL STATEMENT ON US IMPERIALISM?

Ch.10 powerpoint Ch.10 powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • IMPERIALISM: AMERICA CLAIMS AN EMPIRE (1890-1914)
  • Imperialism - stronger nations control weaker nations
    • many European nations had colonies
      • U.S. did not
    • 3 factors accounted for U.S. to become imperialistic
    • Prestige
      • Compete with Europe for colonies,
    • New markets , navy bases
    • Alfred Mahan
    • Racial superiority
      • “ the white man’s burden”
      • spread Christianity
      • civilize the world
    • Factors Against Imperialism
    • plenty to do at home
    • unethical to govern people against their will
    • our own history (Revolutionary War)
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  • 1867 – Alaska, 1st colony
    • purchased from Russia for $7.2 million by Sec. of State William Seward
    • became known as “Seward’s Folly”
      • gold/oil discovered
      • 1959 - 49th state
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  • 1898 – Hawaii
    • American settlers built sugar/pineapple plantations
  • Queen Liliuokalani
    • stop American influence/growth
    • “ Hawaii for Hawaiians
    • 1893 - overthrown
    • 1898 HI annexed as U.S. colony
    • 1959 - 50 th State
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  • Samoa-1899
    • refueling/rest stop on way to Australia
    • U.S. promised to protect Samoa from European control
    • eventually shared with Germany
  • Answer Political Cartoon Questions on Pg. ____
    • Who do the people in the cartoon represent?
    • Is one of the people a symbol for something else? Who or what?
    • What is the Bill of Fare or menu in the restaurant?
    • What seems to be Uncle Sam’s attitude towards the offerings on the menu
    • ?
  • THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 1898 “ The Splendid Little War”
    • U.S. had always wanted Cuba as a colony
    • - sugar industry
    • Cuban rebels, led by Jose Marti, rebelled against Spanish rule
      • Spain retaliated harshly to rebellion, hundreds of thousands of Cubans are put in concentration camps, many die
  • “ yellow journalism”
    • pushed us towards war with Spain
    • Exaggerated, fabricated stories to sell newspapers
    • William R. Hearst told Frederick Remington “you furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war.”
    Pulitzer Hearst
  • Two events caused U.S. to declare war on Spain
    • DeLome letter
      • Spanish ambassador called President McKinley weak in a private letter that was published in the paper
    • Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana harbor
      • 260 Americans killed
      • press blamed Spain, but still a mystery how it happened
      • “ Remember the Maine”
    • April, 1898 U.S. declares war on Spain
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  • War was fought in two areas of the world
    • Philippine Islands
    • Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo
      • helped U.S. capture Manila and win in the Philippines
  • 2. Caribbean
    • CUBA
      • more difficult to capture
      • showed how unprepared U.S. was for this war
    • 5000 Americans die from disease
      • 400 in combat
  • Rough Riders
    • Volunteer calvary
    • Led by T. Roosevelt
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  • San Juan Hill
    • attacked by Teddy Roosevelt
      • leading the Rough Riders
        • cavalry formed in San Antonio
    • Quick victory
    • war ends Aug. 12, 1898
    Puerto Rico
  • The Treaty of Paris: 1898
    • Spain gave up Puerto Rico, Guam, and Cuba
    • The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines.
    • The U. S. becomes an imperial power!
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  • Colonial Power
    • Cuba
    • Platt Amendment
        • U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuban affairs to protect U.S. business interests
        • forced Cuba to lease harbors to U.S. Navy,
    • 1902 Cuba - independent but a U.S. protectorate
    • Puerto Rico
      • remained American possession
    • 1917 - people became U.S. citizens
  • Philippine Islands
    • a base for U.S. business and military interests in the Asian-Pacific region.
    • Emilio Aguinaldo
      • felt betrayed by U.S.
      • leads rebellion against U.S. that lasted 3 years
  • Philippine Insurrection
    • ended in 1902 when Aguinaldo was captured
    • given independence in 1946
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  • Answer the questions on pg. 15 L
    • WHAT IS GOING ON IN THIS CARTOON? IS THIS A PRO, ANTI OR NEUTRAL STATEMENT ON US IMPERIALISM?
    • Analyzing Cartoons
    • What is the general subject of the cartoon?
    • Who are the characters in the cartoon? Who/What do they represent?
    • What symbols are used? What do they represent?
    • What outside information do you know about this subject?
    • What is the cartoonist’s message?
    What role does the U.S. play?
  • China
    • Spheres of Influence
    • foreign nations control areas of China
    • Open Door Policy ”
      • all nations should have equal trading rights in China
    • - meant to increase U.S. trade interests
  • 1900 - Boxer Rebellion
    • Chinese patriots demand all foreigners leave China
    • ended when foreign powers sent additional forces
  • America as a world power
    • TR shows the world that U.S. is a world power
    • Sent US Fleet (Great White) around the world (1907) - show strength
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  • Japan
    • 1853 U.S. opened Japan to world trade
    • By 1904 had become a powerful industrialized nation
    • Russo-Japan War-1904 Japan wants fill need for natural resources, wanted Manchuria
    • Japan very successful in this war
    • Roosevelt mediated an end to the war, wins Nobel Peace Prize
    • Japan resented the agreement
    • unhappy with U.S.
    • Roosevelt feared Japan would become too strong and lead to eventual confrontation with U.S.
  • Panama Canal
    • American dream since Calif. Gold Rush of 1849
    • reduce shipping distance between E and W coast
    • impact speed, cost of international trade
    • needed permission from Colombia to allow building
    • Roosevelt inspired Panama to revolt from Colombia
    • construction lasted 10 years (1914)
    • 5600 died from disease (malaria, yellow fever)
    Panama Canal
  • Under Construction dug through swamps, jungles, mountains
  • Latin America: two different approaches
    • U.S. = Policeman in Latin America
    • Roosevelt’s “ Speak softly but carry a Big Stick ” policy
      • used military to back up negotiations
    • Roosevelt Corollary
      • U.S. had the right to use military force to protect its interests in Latin America
      • Added to Monroe Doctrine
    • eventually U.S. sends troops into several countries
    • Latin America did not appreciate this
  • Taft’s “ Dollar Diplomacy ”
    • urged U.S. business to invest in Latin American economies
    • loans, investments rarely paid back
  • Intervention in Mexico 1911-1916
    • revolutions eventually involve U.S.
    • 1915-1916, Francisco “Pancho” Villa leads revolution
      • tries to get U.S. involved
      • attacks American towns, businesses
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