IMPERIALISM:  AMERICA CLAIMS AN EMPIRE    (1890-1914)
Imperialism - stronger nations control weaker nations   <ul><li>many European nations had colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U...
<ul><li>3 factors accounted for U.S. to become imperialistic </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compete with...
<ul><li>Factors Against Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>plenty to do at home </li></ul><ul><li>unethical to govern people ag...
 
 
 
1867 – Alaska, 1st colony <ul><li>purchased from Russia for $7.2 million by Sec. of State William Seward </li></ul><ul><li...
 
1898 – Hawaii <ul><li>American settlers built sugar/pineapple plantations </li></ul>
Queen Liliuokalani <ul><li>stop American influence/growth </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hawaii for Hawaiians </li></ul><ul><li>1893 ...
 
Samoa-1899 <ul><li>refueling/rest stop on way to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. promised to protect Samoa from European ...
Answer Political Cartoon Questions on Pg. ____ <ul><li>Who do the people in the cartoon represent? </li></ul><ul><li>Is on...
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 1898 “ The Splendid Little War”
<ul><li>U.S. had always wanted Cuba as a colony </li></ul><ul><li>- sugar industry </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban rebels, led by ...
“ yellow journalism” <ul><li>pushed us towards war with Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Exaggerated, fabricated stories to sell ne...
Two events caused U.S. to declare war on Spain <ul><li>DeLome letter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish ambassador called Presi...
 
War was fought in two areas of the world <ul><li>Philippine Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Filipino rebels led by  Emilio Aguin...
2. Caribbean <ul><li>CUBA  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more difficult to capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>showed how unprepare...
Rough Riders <ul><li>Volunteer calvary </li></ul><ul><li>Led by T. Roosevelt </li></ul>
 
San Juan Hill   <ul><li>attacked by  Teddy Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leading the  Rough Riders </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Quick victory </li></ul><ul><li>war ends Aug. 12, 1898 </li></ul>Puerto Rico
The Treaty of Paris:  1898 <ul><li>Spain gave up Puerto Rico, Guam, and Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>The U. S. paid Spain $20 mi...
 
Colonial Power <ul><li>Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Platt Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. had the right to intervene in...
<ul><li>Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>remained American possession </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1917 - people became U.S. ci...
Philippine Islands <ul><li>a base for U.S. business and military interests in the Asian-Pacific region. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Philippine Insurrection <ul><li>ended in 1902 when Aguinaldo was captured </li></ul><ul><li>given independence in 1946 </l...
 
Answer the questions on pg. 15 L <ul><li>WHAT IS GOING ON IN THIS CARTOON?  IS THIS A PRO, ANTI OR NEUTRAL STATEMENT ON US...
China <ul><li>Spheres of Influence </li></ul><ul><li>foreign nations control areas of China </li></ul><ul><li>Open Door Po...
1900 - Boxer Rebellion   <ul><li>Chinese patriots demand all foreigners leave China  </li></ul><ul><li>ended when foreign ...
America as a world power   <ul><li>TR shows the world that U.S. is a world power </li></ul><ul><li>Sent US Fleet (Great Wh...
 
 
 
 
Japan <ul><li>1853 U.S. opened Japan to world trade </li></ul><ul><li>By 1904 had become a powerful industrialized nation ...
<ul><li>Japan very successful in this war </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt mediated an end to the war, wins Nobel Peace Prize <...
Panama Canal <ul><li>American dream since Calif. Gold Rush of 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>reduce shipping distance between E an...
<ul><li>needed permission from Colombia to allow building </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt inspired Panama to revolt from Colom...
Under Construction  dug through swamps, jungles, mountains
Latin America: two different approaches <ul><li>U.S. = Policeman in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt’s “ Speak so...
<ul><li>Roosevelt Corollary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. had the right to use military force to protect its interests in Lat...
<ul><li>eventually U.S. sends troops into several countries </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America did not appreciate this </li><...
Taft’s  “ Dollar Diplomacy ” <ul><li>urged U.S. business to invest in Latin American economies </li></ul><ul><li>loans, in...
Intervention in Mexico 1911-1916 <ul><li>revolutions eventually involve U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>1915-1916,  Francisco “Panc...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Ch.10 powerpoint

1,210

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,210
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • WHAT IS GOING ON IN THIS CARTOON? IS THIS A PRO, ANTI OR NEUTRAL STATEMENT ON US IMPERIALISM?
  • Ch.10 powerpoint

    1. 1. IMPERIALISM: AMERICA CLAIMS AN EMPIRE (1890-1914)
    2. 2. Imperialism - stronger nations control weaker nations <ul><li>many European nations had colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. did not </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>3 factors accounted for U.S. to become imperialistic </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compete with Europe for colonies, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New markets , navy bases </li></ul><ul><li>Alfred Mahan </li></ul><ul><li>Racial superiority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the white man’s burden” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spread Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>civilize the world </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Factors Against Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>plenty to do at home </li></ul><ul><li>unethical to govern people against their will </li></ul><ul><li>our own history (Revolutionary War) </li></ul>
    5. 8. 1867 – Alaska, 1st colony <ul><li>purchased from Russia for $7.2 million by Sec. of State William Seward </li></ul><ul><li>became known as “Seward’s Folly” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gold/oil discovered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1959 - 49th state </li></ul></ul>
    6. 10. 1898 – Hawaii <ul><li>American settlers built sugar/pineapple plantations </li></ul>
    7. 11. Queen Liliuokalani <ul><li>stop American influence/growth </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hawaii for Hawaiians </li></ul><ul><li>1893 - overthrown </li></ul><ul><li>1898 HI annexed as U.S. colony </li></ul><ul><li>1959 - 50 th State </li></ul>
    8. 13. Samoa-1899 <ul><li>refueling/rest stop on way to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. promised to protect Samoa from European control </li></ul><ul><li>eventually shared with Germany </li></ul>
    9. 14. Answer Political Cartoon Questions on Pg. ____ <ul><li>Who do the people in the cartoon represent? </li></ul><ul><li>Is one of the people a symbol for something else? Who or what? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Bill of Fare or menu in the restaurant? </li></ul><ul><li>What seems to be Uncle Sam’s attitude towards the offerings on the menu </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>
    10. 15. THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 1898 “ The Splendid Little War”
    11. 16. <ul><li>U.S. had always wanted Cuba as a colony </li></ul><ul><li>- sugar industry </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban rebels, led by Jose Marti, rebelled against Spanish rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain retaliated harshly to rebellion, hundreds of thousands of Cubans are put in concentration camps, many die </li></ul></ul>
    12. 17. “ yellow journalism” <ul><li>pushed us towards war with Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Exaggerated, fabricated stories to sell newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>William R. Hearst told Frederick Remington “you furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war.” </li></ul>Pulitzer Hearst
    13. 18. Two events caused U.S. to declare war on Spain <ul><li>DeLome letter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish ambassador called President McKinley weak in a private letter that was published in the paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>260 Americans killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>press blamed Spain, but still a mystery how it happened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Remember the Maine” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April, 1898 U.S. declares war on Spain </li></ul>
    14. 20. War was fought in two areas of the world <ul><li>Philippine Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>helped U.S. capture Manila and win in the Philippines </li></ul></ul>
    15. 21. 2. Caribbean <ul><li>CUBA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more difficult to capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>showed how unprepared U.S. was for this war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5000 Americans die from disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>400 in combat </li></ul></ul>
    16. 22. Rough Riders <ul><li>Volunteer calvary </li></ul><ul><li>Led by T. Roosevelt </li></ul>
    17. 24. San Juan Hill <ul><li>attacked by Teddy Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leading the Rough Riders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cavalry formed in San Antonio </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 25. <ul><li>Quick victory </li></ul><ul><li>war ends Aug. 12, 1898 </li></ul>Puerto Rico
    19. 26. The Treaty of Paris: 1898 <ul><li>Spain gave up Puerto Rico, Guam, and Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>The U. S. becomes an imperial power! </li></ul>
    20. 28. Colonial Power <ul><li>Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Platt Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuban affairs to protect U.S. business interests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>forced Cuba to lease harbors to U.S. Navy, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1902 Cuba - independent but a U.S. protectorate </li></ul>
    21. 29. <ul><li>Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>remained American possession </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1917 - people became U.S. citizens </li></ul>
    22. 30. Philippine Islands <ul><li>a base for U.S. business and military interests in the Asian-Pacific region. </li></ul><ul><li>Emilio Aguinaldo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>felt betrayed by U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>leads rebellion against U.S. that lasted 3 years </li></ul></ul>
    23. 31. Philippine Insurrection <ul><li>ended in 1902 when Aguinaldo was captured </li></ul><ul><li>given independence in 1946 </li></ul>
    24. 33. Answer the questions on pg. 15 L <ul><li>WHAT IS GOING ON IN THIS CARTOON? IS THIS A PRO, ANTI OR NEUTRAL STATEMENT ON US IMPERIALISM? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing Cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>What is the general subject of the cartoon? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the characters in the cartoon? Who/What do they represent? </li></ul><ul><li>What symbols are used? What do they represent? </li></ul><ul><li>What outside information do you know about this subject? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the cartoonist’s message? </li></ul>What role does the U.S. play?
    25. 34. China <ul><li>Spheres of Influence </li></ul><ul><li>foreign nations control areas of China </li></ul><ul><li>Open Door Policy ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all nations should have equal trading rights in China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- meant to increase U.S. trade interests </li></ul>
    26. 35. 1900 - Boxer Rebellion <ul><li>Chinese patriots demand all foreigners leave China </li></ul><ul><li>ended when foreign powers sent additional forces </li></ul>
    27. 36. America as a world power <ul><li>TR shows the world that U.S. is a world power </li></ul><ul><li>Sent US Fleet (Great White) around the world (1907) - show strength </li></ul>
    28. 41. Japan <ul><li>1853 U.S. opened Japan to world trade </li></ul><ul><li>By 1904 had become a powerful industrialized nation </li></ul><ul><li>Russo-Japan War-1904 Japan wants fill need for natural resources, wanted Manchuria </li></ul>
    29. 42. <ul><li>Japan very successful in this war </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt mediated an end to the war, wins Nobel Peace Prize </li></ul><ul><li>Japan resented the agreement </li></ul><ul><li>unhappy with U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt feared Japan would become too strong and lead to eventual confrontation with U.S. </li></ul>
    30. 43. Panama Canal <ul><li>American dream since Calif. Gold Rush of 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>reduce shipping distance between E and W coast </li></ul><ul><li>impact speed, cost of international trade </li></ul>
    31. 44. <ul><li>needed permission from Colombia to allow building </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt inspired Panama to revolt from Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>construction lasted 10 years (1914) </li></ul><ul><li>5600 died from disease (malaria, yellow fever) </li></ul>Panama Canal
    32. 45. Under Construction dug through swamps, jungles, mountains
    33. 46. Latin America: two different approaches <ul><li>U.S. = Policeman in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt’s “ Speak softly but carry a Big Stick ” policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>used military to back up negotiations </li></ul></ul>
    34. 47. <ul><li>Roosevelt Corollary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. had the right to use military force to protect its interests in Latin America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Added to Monroe Doctrine </li></ul></ul>
    35. 48. <ul><li>eventually U.S. sends troops into several countries </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America did not appreciate this </li></ul>
    36. 49. Taft’s “ Dollar Diplomacy ” <ul><li>urged U.S. business to invest in Latin American economies </li></ul><ul><li>loans, investments rarely paid back </li></ul>
    37. 50. Intervention in Mexico 1911-1916 <ul><li>revolutions eventually involve U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>1915-1916, Francisco “Pancho” Villa leads revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tries to get U.S. involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>attacks American towns, businesses </li></ul></ul>
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×