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18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
18 Origins Of The Cold War
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18 Origins Of The Cold War

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  • PHOTOS, U-2 IN FLIGHT, CRASHED U-2 IN RUSSIA, GARY POWERS ON TRIAL IN MOSCOW. HE WAS CONVICTED AND GIVEN A TEN YEAR PRISON TERM BUT IN 1961 HE WAS EXCHANGED FOR A CAPTURED SOVIET SPY AND RETURNED HOME.
  • Transcript

    • 1. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR 1945-1959
    • 2. The Cold War
      • battle of diplomacy, propaganda and nerves
        • not a direct confrontation
      • world divided into three sides after WW II…
    • 3.
      • Soviet Union (USSR)
      • Russia leader of the communist world
      • vowed to spread communism
    • 4.
      • United States
      • leader of the free world
      • vowed to contain communism
    • 5. Third World (developing nations) Cold War battleground Asia Africa and the Middle East Latin America
    • 6. Self Determination
        • All countries would have the right of self determination
        • Democracy or Communism in nations that had been under Nazi rule
        • Stalin had agreed to allow free elections in Eastern Europe
    • 7.
      • Soviets refused free elections in Eastern Europe after WW II
        • installed communist governments
        • became known as “satellite nations”
          • countries dominated by USSR
    • 8.
      • Churchill says an “Iron Curtain” has descended across the continent
        • referring to Soviet control of Eastern Europe
        • no news allowed in or out of Soviet controlled territory
    • 9.  
    • 10. Truman Doctrine-1947
      • main goal was to help free nations resist the spread communism
        • initially helped Greece and Turkey
    • 11. U.S. adopt a “containment policy”
      • keep communism from spreading
        • foundation of U.S. foreign policy for next 50 years
      • The Marshall Plan - 1948
        • economic aid to Europe/rebuild Europe
        • over 3 years $13 billion sent to Europe
        • offered to Russia, but refused
    • 12.  
    • 13.  
    • 14.  
    • 15. HAMBURG IN 1947 HAMBURG IN1952 EFFECTS OF THE MARSHALL PLAN
    • 16.  
    • 17. Berlin Airlift-1948
      • Germany divided into 4 sectors after WW II
        • Berlin in East Germany
      • Allies wanted to reunite Germany
      • Stalin did not
        • Wanted Berlin to himself
    • 18.
      • Soviets tried to isolate Berlin by setting up a blockade
      • U.S., Britain flew in tons of goods everyday for a year
      • Soviets end blockade in 1949
    • 19.  
    • 20.  
    • 21.  
    • 22.  
    • 23.  
    • 24. August 1949
      • Soviet Union develops the Atomic Bomb
    • 25. 1949 – Chinese Revolution
      • communists win control of China
      • seen as proof that communists wanted to dominate the world
    • 26.  
    • 27.  
    • 28.  
    • 29. 1949 - U.S. creates NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
      • U.S. and 15 European countries pledge to defend each other
    • 30. Soviets create the Warsaw Pact , 1955
      • USSR plus 7 Eastern European countries form military alliance
    • 31.  
    • 32. Korean War, 1950-1953
      • Korea was divided after WW II
        • At the 38th parallel
        • North - communist
        • South - free, democratic
      • June, 1950 North Korea invades South Korea
    • 33. 1st weeks were grim
      • U.S. almost pushed out of Korea
        • South Korean and US Army forces were pushed back to city of Pusan
    • 34.
      • Marines land at Inchon
        • behind North Korean lines
      • North Koreans begin withdrawal
      • U.N. forces push into North Korea
      • Nov. 27, 1950 Chinese troops attack
        • drove U.N. troops back to 38th parallel
    • 35. MacArthur and Truman disagreed how to wage the war
      • eventually MacArthur is fired
      • returned home as a hero
        • 1st time back in States since WW II ended
    • 36.
      • War continued back and forth until 1953
        • Stalemate
      • Armistice signed in 1953 maintaining the status quo
    • 37. THE WAR IN KOREA TURNED INTO A STALEMATE RESEMBLING WORLD WAR I TRENCH WARFARE.
    • 38. Korean War Memorial
    • 39. Two Nations Live on the Edge
      • H-Bomb tested on Pacific island, Nov. 1952 because Russia now had the A-bomb
        • 150 times more powerful then A-Bomb
        • island disappeared
      • within one year USSR had one
      • arms race begins
    • 40.  
    • 41.  
    • 42. President relied heavily on CIA for information spy organization, intelligence gathering
    • 43. New Leadership in USSR
      • Stalin dies in 1953
      • Replaced by Nikita Khrushchev
    • 44. Brinkmanship
      • Containment Policy changed by President Eisenhower
        • go to edge of all out nuclear war
        • massive retaliation from now on
      • prepared for all-out nuclear war with USSR
        • no more limited wars like Korea
    • 45.  
    • 46.  
    • 47. Nuclear War Drills
      • air raid drills
    • 48. Bert the Turtle – commercials, comic books (duck and cover)
    • 49.  
    • 50. Built emergency shelters in back yard
    • 51.  
    • 52. Nuclear Naivism
    • 53.  
    • 54.  
    • 55. Russians Launch First Satellite
      • Sputnik I
        • Oct. 4, 1957
        • Russians first in space
    • 56. America’s Space program
      • First 100 attempts to launch satellite a failure
      • Jan. 31,1958 we finally launch our own satellite
        • Explorer I
    • 57. Cold War at Home Red Scare, part II
      • concern about communism overseas caused a fear of communism at home
      • Loyalty Review Board created in 1947
        • investigated government employees
          • 3.2 million investigated from 1947-1951
          • dismissed those found disloyal
            • 212 dismissed,
          • 2,900 resigned
      • Workers had to sign loyalty oaths to get a job
    • 58. House of Unamerican Activities Committee (HUAC)
      • investigated communist influence in the movie industry
      • “ Blacklist” started by movie producers
        • kept approximately 500 people from working
    • 59. Hollywood 10 - refused to cooperate, felt hearings were unconstitutional sent to prison
    • 60.  
    • 61. Spy Trials two spy cases added to fear
      • Alger Hiss, 1948
        • State Dept. official
        • accused by former communist spy
        • claimed to have documents proving he was a spy
      • Hiss claimed documents were forged
      • not convicted of spying, but was for perjury
        • Lying about documents
    • 62. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, 1950
      • Members of American Communist Party
      • Implicated by British scientist who admitted giving the secrets to the Soviets
      • convicted of selling atomic bomb secrets
      • executed in 1953 for espionage
        • 1st civilians to be executed for espionage
    • 63. Senator Joe McCarthy
      • 1954, claimed communists infiltrated American life
        • was in the military and government
      • investigation was televised
        • accusations got wilder
      • succeeded in ruining many careers, reputations
      • never found a spy
    • 64.
      • America saw witnesses being “bullied”
        • turned against McCarthy
      • Senate censors him for improper conduct
    • 65.
      • to label someone’s activities as McCarthyism would be to suggest that the person is making unsupported accusations
      • 1953
        • 39 States had laws making it illegal to advocate violent overthrow of Government
        • steps were taken to clean out radical, un-American/disloyal workers
      • 1957
        • Supreme Court, Yates vs. U.S., said that believing or teaching an idea, even revolution, is not a crime
    • 66. Gary Powers and the U-2 Incident
      • Shot down over Russia May 1, 1960
      • Held for 2 years in Russian prison
      • Exchanged for Russian Spy on Feb. 10, 1962
    • 67. May 1960: the U-2 incident Powers

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