Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Nazari yellow rust
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Nazari yellow rust

2,426

Published on

Kumarse Nazari, ICARDA …

Kumarse Nazari, ICARDA
Yellow Rust in CWANA in 2010-2011
The Situation and Measures Taken

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,426
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Yellow Rust in CWANA in 2010-2011 “The Situation and Measures Taken” K. Nazari, D. Hodson, M. Hovmoller k.nazari@cgiar.orgINTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE DRY AREAS (ICARDA), ALEPPO, SYRIA 2011 BGRI TECHNICAL WORKSHOP, MN, JUNE 13-16, 2011
  • 2. Highly Diverse & Challenging Region Yellow Rust in CWANA in 2010-2011 “The situation and Measures Taken” CWANA Kumarse Nazari k.nazari@cgiar.orgINTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE DRY AREAS (ICARDA), ALEPPO, SYRIA Population: >1 Billion people 2011 BGRI Technical Workshop, JUNE 13-16, 2011
  • 3. More than 50 m ha of wheat production in CWANA25% of the total global wheat areas fall in CWANA
  • 4. Epidemiological Factors Conducive environmental conditions Genetic similarity of Mega-cultivar (Yr9 and Yr27) and susceptibility of genotypes and susceptible varieties (Turkey=Gerek, Iran= Sardari, Morocco= Akhtar,..) Means of transportation factors ▪ west-east wind movement and human Overlapping/ continues cropping system Widespread of alternate host and wheat wild relatives
  • 5. Wide spread of new Yr race: Yr27 virulence race in southern partCool and humid weather in warm areaYellow rust epidemic, Darab, Dezful and Ilam, Kurdistan,Kermanshah 2007-2010
  • 6. Early infection foci Yellow rust epidemic Akhtar cv-Morocco 2009 (Ezzahiri et al., 4th RYRC-Turkey)
  • 7. Yellow rust high infection Uzbekistan, 2009
  • 8. Early infection foci Syria 2010, Cham8
  • 9. Tamuz 2, 2010, E. Maaroof Manage your mailbox V: Retrieve, back up, or share messages
  • 10. Manage your mailbox V: Retrieve, back up, or share messages
  • 11. Action taken1. Surveillance, Race analysis, Trap Nursery Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Morocco, Kenya, Turkey, Georgia, Algeria, Pakistan, Yemen, Lebanon,2. Awareness and preparedness Syria, Afghanistan, Morocco, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Egypt, Iran3. Farmer field school, training and capacity building Syria, Iran, Yemen, Turkey, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Egypt, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan4. Impact Assessment Iran, Syria, AzerbaijanRegional conference and traveling workshop 4th Regional Yellow Rust Meeting, Ankara, Turkey International Yellow Rust Symposium
  • 12. Manage your mailbox V: Retrieve, back up, or share messages
  • 13. Race analyses of Puccinia striiformis from wheat 2010, ICARDAisolatenumber 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,Cle,10,15,17,SD,Su,ND,CV,A,21,25,27,Tre, Tat 1 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,SD,-,-,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 2 -,(2),-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,SD,-,ND,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 4 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,-,9,-,-,-,17,-,-,-,-,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 5 -,2,3,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,SD,-,-,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 7 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,SD,-,ND,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 8 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,-,9,Cle,-,-,17,-,-,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 9 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,Cle,-,-,17,-,-,-,(CV),A,21,25,27,-,Tat 14 -,(2),-,-,-,-,7,8,-,-,-,-,-,-,-,ND,-,A,21,-,27,-,Tat 15 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,SD,-,-,-,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 16 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,-,9,-,-,-,17,SD,-,-,-,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 18 -,(2),-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,-,-,ND,-,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 19 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,-,-,-,-,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 24 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,-,-,ND,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat 25 -,2,-,-,-,6,7,8,9,-,-,-,17,-,-,ND,CV,A,21,25,27,-,Tat
  • 14. 2009 2010Testet/ cultivar Yr-GENE Tel Hadya HASSAKEH MALKIEH ALEPPO DIRE AL ZORYR1/6*Avocet S Yr1 R R R R RYR6/6*Avocet S Yr6 S S S S SYR7/6*Avocet S Yr7 S S S S SYR8/6*Avocet S Yr8 R S S S SYR9/6*Avocet S Yr9 S S S S SYR27/6*Avocet S Yr27 R S S S SCiano 79 Yr27 R S S S SATTILA-50Y Yr27+? R S S S SOPATA 85 Yr27+Yr18 R S S S SCham 1 DW R R R R RCham 4 BW R S S S SCham 6 BW R S S S SCham 8 BW R S S S SMorocco BW S S S S S
  • 15. Race analyses of P. striiformis from wheat 2010, GRRC, Aarhus Uni. Global Rust Reference Center, Aarhus University
  • 16. International Wheat Yellow Rust Trap Nursery – International Yellow rust Trap Nursery – Yellow rust differential cultivars – Yellow rust Avocet Near Isogenic Lines (NILs) – Known cultivars for APR genes – Commercial cultivars in CWANA – 76 location in 28 countries – Virulence for Yr2, Yr6, Yr7, YrA and Yr31 is fixed in all locations. – Yr5 and Yr15 are effective in all locations – Virulence for Yr9 and Yr25 was very common – Virulence on Yr1, Yr8, Yr10. Yr17, Yr18, Yr24, and Yr27 was varied – Frequency and distribution of virulence forYr27 is increasing very rapidly
  • 17. Susceptible genotype Resistant genotype
  • 18. Resistance Screening Nurseries at Yellow Rust Hot Spots• Adult-plant Assessment • Seedling evaluation – ICARDA Head Quarter – ICARDA – Lebanon – Turkey – Uzbekistan – Iran – Iran – Pakistan – Morocco – Ethiopia – Pakistan – Turkey
  • 19. Variety Release and SeedMultiplication of multiple Rust Resistance Osman Abdalla, Ravi Singh and
  • 20. ICARDATesting sites of wheat rust trap Nurseries
  • 21. International Collaboration is the key to success Thank You

×