Capacity Development for Wheat Improvement at CIMMYT

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Amor Yahyaoui

Amor Yahyaoui

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  • 1. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical Workshop Session 2: Achieving Resistance to RustsCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Amor Yahyaoui, Laura Ruiz and Petr KosinaSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 2. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical Workshop Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT 授人以鱼不如授人以渔 Si siembra un buena semilla, tendrá una mejor cosecha ‫زرعوا فأکلنا و نزرعوا فىأکلون‬ .. “A good teacher is like a candle – it consumes itself to light the way for othersSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 3. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopTraining at other international centersSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 4. Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 5. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTCIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program has along and distinguished history of trainingplant breeders and continues to reinforcetraining at different levels to address theneeds of the world wheat communitySeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 6. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTWhat makes CIMMYT Capacity building & knowledge sharing different?  In contrast to formal academic training, CIMMYT training activities are highly specialized and ‘hands-on’,  Training program combines practical experience in the everyday processes of wheat research and the theoretical knowledge to support their actions,  Course participants develop and sharpen researcher skills in conducting efficient research that responds to the challenging circumstances of developing countries.Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 7. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTWhat makes CIMMYT Capacity building & knowledge sharing different?  CIMMYT offers a global perspective.  Researchers who attend CIMMYT courses benefit from the mass of information and data assembled and handled in a global research program. CIMMYT has been providing human capacity building with success for the last 30 years.  More than 10,000 researchers from around the world are alumni of CIMMYT’s various human resource development efforts,Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 8. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical Workshop Recommendation # 7 Because knowledge, skills and hands-on experience on various aspects of stem rust research and management are required by all personnel, including technical support staff, the Panel recommends that a training program, including advanced degree training for those associated with the project, in-country practical courses and specialized in-service courses outside the country to strengthen the capacity of national partners, be implemented to augment the current human resource baseSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 9. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical Workshop Wheat Improvement Training at CIMMYTNumber of participants & Countries 50 No. countries 45 No. participants 40 Educational level PhD 35 Educational level MSc 30 25 Educational level BSc 20 15 10 5 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year Period Countries Total PhD MSc. BSc. 8 years 4-19/Yr 168 54 79 35Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 10. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTGeneral objectivesThroughout its history since 1966, CIMMYT has sought toenhance the human resources available for agricultural researchrelated to its own objectives.Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 11. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTGeneral objectives To impart research skills and knowledge needed to design and run sustainable modern wheat improvement program with specific objective;Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 12. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTGeneral objectives To familiarize with new improved wheat germplasm, CIMMYT’s current research and breeding thrusts and provide opportunity to select wheat materials that will be sent to participants;Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 13. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTGeneral objectives To encourage and develop participants’ ability to synthesize and use information and knowledge about new technologies related to wheat improvement;Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 14. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTGeneral objectives Improve participants’ awareness of the roles and importance of support disciplines such as pathology, wheat chemistry/quality, statistics, physiology, biotechnology, GIS, social sciences, and agronomy;Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 15. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTGeneral objectives To foster positive attitudinal changes among participants such as improved confidence, increased motivation, and heightened appreciation of the benefits of team work, and interdisciplinary research, and international cooperationSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 16. 2012 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative Technical WorkshopCapacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTWheat Improvement CourseThe fast development of information technologies and theiravailability worldwide offers many new tools for knowledgeTo address the needs of national research programsCIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program has established two annualtraining courses: Basic wheat improvement course - Junior scientists Advanced wheat improvement course- Mid-career scientistsSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 17. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Basic Wheat Improvement Course Basic wheat improvement course 30 (2005-2012) Number participants & Countries Countries 25 Total 20 Male 15 Female 10 5 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year Countries Total Male Female 4-17 115 98 17 Degree PhD MSc. BSc. 27 59 29Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 18. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Basic Wheat Improvement CourseProfile of the trainees Junior scientists (<40yrs old) associated with national research programs; and graduate students (ex. WIT, Beachell-Borlaug Fellows, other fellowships) Candidates should be MSc degree holders or BSc and Diploma holders with more than 5 years’ experienceSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 19. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Basic Wheat Improvement CourseCourse specific objectivesThe course planned for 70% field research & 30% lectures & visits Major focus of the course is on breeding methodologies General reviews on plant breeding, pathology, physiology, wheat quality, and biotechnology. Introduction to the agronomy program: conservation agriculture project activities, irrigation systems, fertilizer management, and seed production. Visits to research laboratories: wheat quality research, pathology, seed health, genetic resources, and biometrics Visit to national program (INIFAP), famers’ field, State Irrigation district, and seed production farmsSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 20. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Advanced Wheat Improvement CourseProfile of the trainees Candidates should be mid-career scientists (<50yrs old) to include new PhD recruits among national programsCourse specific objectivesThis course (AWIPC) aims at addressing collaborating scientists needs to:(1) discuss / practice latest innovation in wheat improvement and,(2) strengthen links with national program and collaborating institutionon basic and applied research on various wheat improvement aspectsSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 21. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Advanced Wheat Improvement Course Advanced wheat improvement course 2010-2012 Numbers of countries, participants 25 2010 20 2011 2012 15 10 5 0 Countries Total Male Female Countries Total Male Female 4-17 45 36 9 Degree PhD MSc. BSc. 21 18 6Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 22. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Advanced Wheat Improvement CourseAdvanced wheat improvement course offers various modules(Updated regularly and as needed) and include Module 1: General training Module 2: Wheat pathology Module 3: Wheat breeding Module 4: Molecular breeding Module 5: Wheat physiology Module 6: Wheat quality…Seeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 23. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTResource trainers/ContributorsCIMMYT’s scientists from headquarters and regional programsVisiting scientists and professorsSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 24. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYT Graduate training Degree students (MSc. & PhD) 40 Number: countries & students 35 Country Total 30 Male 25 Female 20 15 10 5 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year Total (2005-2012! ): 139 (61% Male, 39% FemaleSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 25. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTAcknowledgmentThe funding support provided by various donors/programs: USDA, FAO, CIMMYT Projects (IWWIP, CSISA, Iran, Afghanistan), Cornell DRRW project, national programs of the countries of Egypt, Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, Italy, and China, Universities sponsoring graduate students mainly the Beachell-Borlaug scholar program,Support that allowed training of 168 junior and mid-career scientistsfrom 34 countriesIn-Country/Regional Courses Special training courses are also offered by CIMMYT’s regional staffSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 26. Capacity development for wheat improvement at CIMMYTCIMMYT believes trained youngscientists are the key to the futureof national research programs.CIMMYT provides two important products: improved genetic materials and trained peopleSeeding innovation ... Nourishing hope
  • 27. 谢谢 Thank You THANK YOUSeeding innovation...Nourishing hope