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Public-Private Partnership to Advance the Goals of BGRI
 

Public-Private Partnership to Advance the Goals of BGRI

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Usha Barwale Zehr

Usha Barwale Zehr

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    Public-Private Partnership to Advance the Goals of BGRI Public-Private Partnership to Advance the Goals of BGRI Presentation Transcript

    • Public- Private Partnership to Advance the goals of BGRI Usha Barwale Zehr August 20, 2013
    • Last Visit in 2005
    • Then and Now •  Appox 400 million population •  Hunger and starvation •  No food reserves - Imports •  Productivity challenges •  Serious commitment of the politicians to change this •  Private sector just beginning •  Approx. 1.12 b population •  Significant prevalence of poverty and malnutrition •  Bumper production in the last few years •  Grainaries over flowing with grain •  Distribution challenges •  100s of companies operating across the country
    • BGRI •  systematically reducing the world’s vulnerability to stem, yellow, and leaf rusts of wheat •  advocating/facilitating the evolution of a sustainable international system to contain the threat of wheat rusts •  continue the enhancements in productivity required to withstand future global threats to wheat
    • Cereal Price Indices for India, Three Year Averages 100   110   120   130   140   150   160  
    • “Take it to the farmer” •  What does the farmer want; –  Higher yields •  Disease resistance •  Germplasm/Genetics •  Traits –  Higher market price •  Grain quality –  Lowers costs •  Fertilizer •  Pesticide •  Irrigation
    • “Take it to the farmer” •  What do we have –  Better germplasm, modern breeding tools –  Hybrids –  GM •  Our challenges –  Climate change –  Water –  Inputs in general
    • “Take it to the farmer” •  What does the processing industry want –  Price –  Quality –  Market
    • Seed cycle Germplasm Breeding Product (HYV, F1, GM)Production QA Processing Market/Farmer
    • A more recent partnership example Bt brinjal
    • •  Most popular vegetable in India after potato •  Meaty texture, nutritious, staple in vegetarian diets •  25 calories per serving, with no fat! Brinjal or eggplant Common Vegetable
    • Major concern for brinjal cultivation: damage caused by insect pests Shoot damage Fruit  damage  
    • IIVR Varanasi IIVR Varanasi
    • Current status •  Cleared all the studies •  Approved for safety •  Awaiting commercial clearance from Ministry
    • Wheat •  Research related –  Rust resistance breeding (conventional and biotech), also surveillance –  High throughput molecular breeding platforms –  GM traits (NUE, PUE, Water use, herbicide tolerance……) –  Quality •  Process or market related –  Production –  QA –  Marketing and extension
    • Before  Roundup  Spray   10  Days  A9er  Spray   Before  &  A1er  Roundup  Spray   5  Days  A9er  Spray   15  Days  A9er  Spray  
    • NUE Null NUE NUE NUE Rice GH Efficacy K-12
    • Null NUE NUENUE Ø Null plants have less tillers Compared to NUE plants Ø Border effect is apparent showing more tillers in border rows
    • Seed requirement for the current seed replacement rate States Acreage (m ha) existing SRR (Qty. m t) Uttar Pradesh 9.52 0.32 Madhya Pradesh 3.79 0.07 Punjab 3.53 0.10 Haryana 2.46 0.07 Rajasthan 2.29 0.08 Bihar 2.16 0.05 Gujarat 1.09 0.03 All India 27.75 0.77 One truck = 9 to 15 tons
    • Key ingredients for successful partnership •  Desire to bring about a paradigm shift in annual growth rates •  Common goal, research is only the beginning!! •  Adoption of resistant varieties •  Total support at the highest levels •  Comparative advantages leveraged rather than competition •  Ownership of intellectual property •  Alignment of policies to allow transfer of knowledge, materials and value
    • Partnership is essential
    • Thank You