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Davis Presentation

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Presentation of FACT Rwanda's work.

Presentation of FACT Rwanda's work.


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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • HP as Human Rights advocate.
    • What is advocacy? And types of advocacy.
    • Role of health professionals in Protecting and promoting human rights
    • Examples of human rights advocacy involving health workers from across the region.
    • Address key challenges facing health workers as they engage with human rights
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 3.
    • Health as defined by WHO is a
    • "State of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
    • Health professional(HP) defined as “individuals accredited by a professional body upon completing a course of study, and usually licensed by a government agency, to practice a health related profession such as dentistry, medicine, nursing, occupational health, physical therapy”.
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 4.
    • Advocacy means speaking up for your rights.
    • Advocacy is a way of making sure that important messages are heard.
    • Advocacy can be done different ways and by different people.
    • All people in society should speak up for their rights.
    • Advocacy can take place at community, national and international levels.
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 5.
    • Self advocacy
    • Legal advocacy
    • 1 to 1 Advocacy
    • Citizens advocacy(volunteer)
    • Peer advocacy
    • Collective advocacy (campaigns)
    • Crisis advocacy(emergency response)
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 6.
    • HPs work within ethical codes that provide a statement of shared values and acknowledge their duties.
    • Ethical codes set moral standard in which they all comply.
    • Ethical standards are established at International and national levels(at times incorporated in domestic laws).
    • Standards focus on their obligation to serve without discrimination
    • Fundamental duty is to act in interest of patient regardless:
      • Constraints
      • Pressure
      • Or contractual obligation
    • HPs are judged guilty of misconduct if they deviate from professional standards.
    • HP have great stake in Universal Declaration of Human Rights .
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 7.
    • According UN, human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
    • We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination.
    • These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
    • Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
    • Human rights entail both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights.
    • Human rights and Health concerns share the common goals of alleviating suffering and promoting the conditions for health and well-being of all people.
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 8.
    • Health Professional have to advocate for these basic rights.......
    • Right to a place to live
    • Right to food and drink
    • Right to health care
    • Right to education
    • Right to be treated equally
    • Right to work
    • Right to be safe from violence
    • Right to make choice
    • Right to freedom of expression
    • Right to dignity
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 9.
    • Human rights :
    • Focus on the dignity and integrity of the human being;
    • Are guaranteed by international standards;
    • Are legally protected and define legal obligations;
    • Protect individuals and groups;
    • Apply to all individuals on the basis of equality and non-discrimination;
    • Place obligations on states and state actors;
    • Specify individual entitlements;
    • Cannot be arbitrarily waived or taken away;
    • Are universal, interdependent, indivisible and interrelated; and can and should be claimed.
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 10.
    • Health workers have a key role to play in affirming the universality of human rights and in promoting respect for them.
    • By affirming and supporting human rights, practitioners in all fields of health enhance the ethics of their profession and advance their commitment to health.
    • HP provide HR protection by fulfilling their ethical obligation{WMA Tokyo declaration1975}.
    • For instance respecting the Hippocratic values “doctors make a promise to take health of their clients a primary considerations”.
    • HPs use their professional bodies to review HRs situation in their countries and speak out against HR Violations.
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 11.
    • Refrain from using medical knowledge and skill that contravenes international statement on individual rights.
    • Not participating actively or passively in acts of human right violations like torture.
    • HPs promotes HR by ensuring no evidence is concealed.
    • Non-discriminatory: discriminatory practices threaten physical and mental health and deny people access to care altogether, deny people appropriate therapies, or relegate them to inferior care.
    • Policy reforms: HP participation in policy making is vital HRs protection and promotion
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 12.
    • Medical Independence : professional show allegiance to the needs of the patient than the state(conflict of interest on duties).
    • Fight against Indiscriminate harm from Weapons of mass destruction ( nuclear weapon)
    • HP respect human dignity : an essential element of health and well-being of all people. Failure to respect dignity has led stigmatization of HIV/AIDS patient like denial of access to appropriate treatment.
    • Participating in ethical Research Practices : Conventional practices in biomedical and behavioral research all too often violate human rights. HP refraining from Unethical research method like non consent procedures.
    • HP should promote adequate standards of education , which include human rights concerns, because these standards promote health and dignity of all members of the human family.
    • Confidentiality as a fundamental obligation to patients and to disclose information only with the patient's consent.
    • Publication ( medical journals and conferences)
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 13.
    • Engage governments and CSO to act on particular action.
    • Campaign for positive change through public debates, political forums and demonstrations.
    • HPs participate in commemorations
    • Health professional are decision makers and active in politics.
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 14.
    • Fight against torture and organised violence.
    • (WMA,IRCT,HPB,CVT,OMCT,NGOs).
    • Fight against HIV/AIDS- spread ( UNAIDS, TASO,CNLS)
    • Humanitarian response in Emergency situation conflict zones (MSF,MDM,HRW,PHR)
    • Prevention of Sexual and Gender Based Violence(IRC,ARC
    • HRs Education: AI, PHR,FACT, UN etc
    • Forensic Investigations(PHR)
    • Research and Publication(BMA,WMA,WHO)
    • Poverty eradication (MSF,CARE,WFP)
    Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 15. Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 16. Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  • 17. Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)