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The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
The Rock Cycle
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The Rock Cycle

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This presentation explains the rock cycle and the type of rocks it includes.

This presentation explains the rock cycle and the type of rocks it includes.

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  • 1. Rocks and Rock cycle
  • 2. Sedimentary rocks <ul><li>Sedimentary rock is a type of rock that is formed by sedimentation of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentation is the collective name for processes that cause mineral and/or organic particles to settle and accumulate or minerals to precipitate from a solution. </li></ul><ul><li>Particles that form a sedimentary rock by accumulating are called sediment. Before being deposited, sediment was formed by weathering and erosion in a source area, and then transported to the place of deposition by water, wind, mass movement or glaciers. </li></ul>
  • 3.  
  • 4. Metamorphic Rocks <ul><li>Metamorphic rock is the result of the transformation of an existing rock type, the protolith, in a process called metamorphism, which means &quot;change in form&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>The protolith is subjected to heat and pressure causing profound physical and/or chemical change. The protolith may be sedimentary rock, igneous rock or another older metamorphic rock. Metamorphic rocks make up a large part of the Earth's crust and are classified by texture and by chemical and mineral assemblage. They may be formed simply by being deep beneath the Earth's surface, subjected to high temperatures and the great pressure of the rock layers above it. </li></ul>
  • 5.  
  • 6. Igneous Rocks <ul><li>Igneous rock is one of the three main rock types. Igneous rock is formed by magma (molten rock) cooling and becoming solid. </li></ul><ul><li>Igneous rock may form with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. This magma can be derived from partial melts of pre-existing rocks in either a planet's mantle or crust. Typically, the melting is caused by one or more of three processes: an increase in temperature, a decrease in pressure, or a change in composition. </li></ul>
  • 7.  
  • 8. <ul><li>Therefore the three main rocks of the rock cycle are : </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary </li></ul><ul><li>Metamorphic </li></ul><ul><li>Igneous </li></ul>

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