The Narrative Paradigm

2,836 views

Published on

A basic overview of narrative theory as presented by Em Griffen

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,836
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
52
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Narrative Paradigm

  1. 1. The Narrative Paradigm: Walter Fisher Griffen Chapter 23 Lecture 17.11.2009
  2. 2. Storytelling (p. 298-9) <ul><li>Storytelling epitomized (defines) human nature </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons to agree </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good story very effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence and proof are less effective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrative Paradigm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing Didactic (clear and instructive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing Descriptive </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Narration (p. 300) <ul><li>3 Elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic Actions (words and deeds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S equence and meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T hose who live, create and interpret them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broad: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rooted in time and space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explains all human experience </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Paradigm (p. 300) <ul><li>Conceptual Framework (way of thinking) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ontology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epistemology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Axiology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrative Paradigm (Stories as persuasion) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A text without a story cannot persuade </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Rational Paradigm: 5 Elements (p. 301) <ul><li>Humans use reason/logic/arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making based arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking situation maps argument </li></ul><ul><li>Rationality=knowledge + argumentation </li></ul><ul><li>World: Puzzled to be solved by reason </li></ul>
  6. 6. Artistotle: Rhetoric 101 <ul><li>Aristotle’s Rhetoric </li></ul><ul><li>Genres: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political (future oriented; good or bad plans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceremonial (present; praise or blame) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forensic (past oriented: right or wrong) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artistic Appeals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethos (character of speaker or audience) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathos (passions and emotions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logos (arguments and evidence) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Narrative Paradigm: 5 Elements (pp. 301-2) <ul><li>Humans are story tellers not rational </li></ul><ul><li>Good reasons: depend on medium and situation </li></ul><ul><li>History, biography, culture </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative rationality: coherence (holding together) and fidelity (apparent truth) of our stories </li></ul><ul><li>We choose stories to create and re-create our lives </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shift in Focus: Back to Aristotle <ul><li>Rational Privileges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrative Privileges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethos </li></ul></ul>

×