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The Narrative Paradigm

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A basic overview of narrative theory as presented by Em Griffen

A basic overview of narrative theory as presented by Em Griffen

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  • 1. The Narrative Paradigm: Walter Fisher Griffen Chapter 23 Lecture 17.11.2009
  • 2. Storytelling (p. 298-9)
    • Storytelling epitomized (defines) human nature
    • Reasons to agree
      • Good story very effective
      • Evidence and proof are less effective
    • Narrative Paradigm
      • Nothing Didactic (clear and instructive)
      • Nothing Descriptive
  • 3. Defining Narration (p. 300)
    • 3 Elements
      • Symbolic Actions (words and deeds)
      • S equence and meaning
      • T hose who live, create and interpret them
    • Broad:
      • Rooted in time and space
      • Explains all human experience
  • 4. Paradigm (p. 300)
    • Conceptual Framework (way of thinking)
      • Ontology
      • Epistemology
      • Axiology
    • Narrative Paradigm (Stories as persuasion)
      • A text without a story cannot persuade
  • 5. The Rational Paradigm: 5 Elements (p. 301)
    • Humans use reason/logic/arguments
    • Decision making based arguments
    • Speaking situation maps argument
    • Rationality=knowledge + argumentation
    • World: Puzzled to be solved by reason
  • 6. Artistotle: Rhetoric 101
    • Aristotle‚Äôs Rhetoric
    • Genres:
      • Political (future oriented; good or bad plans)
      • Ceremonial (present; praise or blame)
      • Forensic (past oriented: right or wrong)
    • Artistic Appeals:
      • Ethos (character of speaker or audience)
      • Pathos (passions and emotions)
      • Logos (arguments and evidence)
  • 7. Narrative Paradigm: 5 Elements (pp. 301-2)
    • Humans are story tellers not rational
    • Good reasons: depend on medium and situation
    • History, biography, culture
    • Narrative rationality: coherence (holding together) and fidelity (apparent truth) of our stories
    • We choose stories to create and re-create our lives
  • 8. Shift in Focus: Back to Aristotle
    • Rational Privileges:
      • Logos
      • Ethos
    • Narrative Privileges:
      • Pathos
      • Ethos