Narrative Coherence And Fidelity


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This is a fun show for Narrative Theory dealing with music videos

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Narrative Coherence And Fidelity

  1. 1. Narrative Coherence and Fidelity: American Protest Songs Communication Theory 20.11.2009
  2. 2. Some Reminders (Tues. Lecture) <ul><li>Storytelling defines human nature </li></ul><ul><li>Stories create reasons to agree </li></ul><ul><li>Rooted in time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Explains all human experience </li></ul><ul><li>3 Elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence and meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People who live, create and interpret </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethos </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Narrative Coherence (pp. 302-3) <ul><li>Lines of Arguments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristotle’s Topoi or Topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted set of reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison to stories of a similar theme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genre: a grouping of similar stories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characters: Reliable Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters must act consistently (internal coherence) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Narrative Fidelity : 4 Criteria (p. 304) <ul><li>Truthful and humane </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater human truth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kindness to others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ideal audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share the values </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timeless values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like “truth”, “the good”, “justice”, and “friendship” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shared values cause action </li></ul>
  5. 5. Protest Music <ul><li>American popular music form </li></ul><ul><li>Response to social injustice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunger/Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. “ Big Yellow Taxi ” <ul><li>Written and Performed by Joni Mitchell </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Paved paradise and put up a parking lot” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Took all the trees, put ‘em in a tree museum” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hey farmer, farmer put away that DDT now” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. “ We Are the World” <ul><li>Written by Michael Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Performed by USA for Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA for Africa created after the American Music Awards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singers on the album include Michael Jackson, Bruce Springsteen, Cyndi Lauper, Stevie Wonder, Bob Dylan, Tina Turner, Billy Joel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quincy Jones Produced </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. “ We Are the World” Analysis <ul><li>Friendship/Family </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We are all a part of/God's great big family” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ When you're down and out/There seems no hope at all/But if you just believe/There's no way we can fall” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There's a choice we're making/We're saving our own lives/It's true we'll make a better day/Just you and me </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. “ That’s What Friends Are For ” <ul><li>Written by Burt Bacharach and Carol Bayer Sager </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit 1985 American Center for AIDS Research </li></ul><ul><li>Dionne Warwick and Friends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stevie Wonder, Gladys Knight, Elton John </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. “ That’s What Friends are For” Analysis <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Well, you came and opened me/And now there's so much more I see/And so by the way I thank you” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human kindness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ And I never thought I'd feel this way / And as far as I'm concerned / I'm glad I got the chance to say / That I do believe I love you ” </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. “ We Shall Overcome ” <ul><li>The anthem of the US Civil Rights Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Published in 1947 “People’s Song Bulletin” </li></ul><ul><li>Used by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Farm Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promisekeepers </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. “ We Shall Overcome” Analysis <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Walk hand in hand” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We are not afraid” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We shall all be free” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We shall overcome” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ some day” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Some Summary <ul><li>These songs address </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunger/poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AIDS/HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By telling us stories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humane truth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social justice </li></ul></ul>