Week two--sped 23000

  • 322 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
322
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO EXCEPTIONALITIES SPED 23000 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week two: Exceptionality: Context, history, law
  • 2. Disability, handicap, inability
    • Disability
      • An inability to do something; specifically an inability to do something that most people can (not situation dependent)
    • Handicap
      • A disadvantage imposed on an individual (situation dependent)
    • The vast majority of students with disabilities are more like their typically developing peers than they are unlike.
  • 3. Disability, handicap, inability
    • Example:
      • A student with cerebral palsy uses a walker (disability)
      • A school has ramps and elevators (no handicap)
      • A restaurant has no ramps (handicap)
    • Example:
      • A student with a learning disability has difficulty with fill in the blank items on a test (disability and handicap)
      • Word bank is provided (no handicap)
  • 4. People first language
    • Student with a disability
    • - not-
    • Disabled student
  • 5. Special education
    • Special education is specially designed instruction that meets the needs of exceptional students.
      • Special materials
      • Special teaching methods
      • Special equipment
      • Related services
    • Ohio’s definition:
      • Special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including:
        • (a) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and
        • (b) Instruction in physical education.
  • 6. Special education
    • Special education is a service, not a place
      • A student with a learning disability needs a preview of math concepts before a new chapter .
        • That preview is a service that could be provided in a variety of places.
      • A student with an emotional or behavioral disorder needs a token economy to maintain school-appropriate behavior.
        • The token economy is a service that could be provided in a variety of settings.
      • A student with a cognitive disability needs modified instruction
        • The modified instruction is a service that could be provided in a variety of settings.
  • 7. Disability categories
    • Child with a disability means a child evaluated as having
      • mental retardation (cognitive disability in Ohio)
      • hearing impairment (including deafness)
      • speech or language impairment
      • visual impairment (including blindness)
      • serious emotional disturbance
      • orthopedic impairment
      • autism
      • traumatic brain injury
      • other health impairment
      • specific learning disability
      • deaf-blindness
      • multiple disabilities
    • and by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.
  • 8. Prevalence
  • 9. Continuum of Services Full PowerPoint available here
  • 10. Placement
  • 11. Super important terms
    • FAPE – free appropriate public education
    • MFE – multi-factored evaluation
    • ETR – evaluation team report
    • IEP – individualized education plan (see PDF)
    • IFSP – individualized family service plan (pre-K)
    • LRE – least restrictive environment
    • Most (if not all of these) come from IDEA
    • Laws reflect need for laws
  • 12. IEP
    • Document drives special education services
    • Required team members:
      • Special education teacher
      • General education teacher
      • Parent
      • District representative
    • Present levels of performance -> needs -> goals
  • 13. The text!
    • P. 19 – expectations for educators
    • P. 25 – foundations of special education (italicized list)
    • P. 24 – history and origins
    • P. 28 - Legislation