Week two--sped 23000

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  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO EXCEPTIONALITIES SPED 23000 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week two: Exceptionality: Context, history, law
  • 2. Disability, handicap, inability
    • Disability
      • An inability to do something; specifically an inability to do something that most people can (not situation dependent)
    • Handicap
      • A disadvantage imposed on an individual (situation dependent)
    • The vast majority of students with disabilities are more like their typically developing peers than they are unlike.
  • 3. Disability, handicap, inability
    • Example:
      • A student with cerebral palsy uses a walker (disability)
      • A school has ramps and elevators (no handicap)
      • A restaurant has no ramps (handicap)
    • Example:
      • A student with a learning disability has difficulty with fill in the blank items on a test (disability and handicap)
      • Word bank is provided (no handicap)
  • 4. People first language
    • Student with a disability
    • - not-
    • Disabled student
  • 5. Special education
    • Special education is specially designed instruction that meets the needs of exceptional students.
      • Special materials
      • Special teaching methods
      • Special equipment
      • Related services
    • Ohio’s definition:
      • Special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including:
        • (a) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and
        • (b) Instruction in physical education.
  • 6. Special education
    • Special education is a service, not a place
      • A student with a learning disability needs a preview of math concepts before a new chapter .
        • That preview is a service that could be provided in a variety of places.
      • A student with an emotional or behavioral disorder needs a token economy to maintain school-appropriate behavior.
        • The token economy is a service that could be provided in a variety of settings.
      • A student with a cognitive disability needs modified instruction
        • The modified instruction is a service that could be provided in a variety of settings.
  • 7. Disability categories
    • Child with a disability means a child evaluated as having
      • mental retardation (cognitive disability in Ohio)
      • hearing impairment (including deafness)
      • speech or language impairment
      • visual impairment (including blindness)
      • serious emotional disturbance
      • orthopedic impairment
      • autism
      • traumatic brain injury
      • other health impairment
      • specific learning disability
      • deaf-blindness
      • multiple disabilities
    • and by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.
  • 8. Prevalence
  • 9. Continuum of Services Full PowerPoint available here
  • 10. Placement
  • 11. Super important terms
    • FAPE – free appropriate public education
    • MFE – multi-factored evaluation
    • ETR – evaluation team report
    • IEP – individualized education plan (see PDF)
    • IFSP – individualized family service plan (pre-K)
    • LRE – least restrictive environment
    • Most (if not all of these) come from IDEA
    • Laws reflect need for laws
  • 12. IEP
    • Document drives special education services
    • Required team members:
      • Special education teacher
      • General education teacher
      • Parent
      • District representative
    • Present levels of performance -> needs -> goals
  • 13. The text!
    • P. 19 – expectations for educators
    • P. 25 – foundations of special education (italicized list)
    • P. 24 – history and origins
    • P. 28 - Legislation