Several different ways to refer to roughly the same population:
Text: “high-incidence disabilities”
Title of our course: “mild/moderate intervention needs”
Kent State’s description of licensure: “The Mild-Moderate Educational Needs Intervention Specialist license is valid for teaching learners from ages 5 through 21, and grades K through 12 who have been identified with a disability that requires mild to moderate intervention (e.g. learning disabilities, emotional and behavioral disorders, developmental disabilities.)”
Significantly subaverage intellectual functioning (in Ohio, an IQ score lower than 70 or, if appropriate in the judgment of a certified clinician, less than 75)
Deficits in adaptive behavior (conceptual skills, social skills, practical skills,)
Note: while the text will refer to mild mental retardation, I will use the language from Ohio’s definition. This might be occasionally confusing, but highlights the importance of definition as discussed earlier; in Ohio, think “cognitive disability,” not mental retardation.