INTRODUCTION TO EXCEPTIONALITIES SPED 23000 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week six: Students with specific learning disabilities
Category itself is comparatively new
This (along with less social stigma) might account for larger identification rates
Some brain/psychological connection
Traditional focus on language processing
Does not achieve commensurate with age or ability
A discrepancy between expected and actual achievement
No longer a requirement for qualification
Still the best way to conceptualize term to others
Failure to respond to interventions
Recent development in law
Probably better for screening
Ohio: (a) A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations . This includes conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and developmental aphasia.
(b) Disorders not included. Specific learning disability does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.
NJCLD: heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing. reasoning, or mathematical abilities . Intrinsic to individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction ...problems in self-regulatory, social perception, and social interaction may exist with learning disabilities.
For all disability definitions (the boilerplate), refer to: http://www.edresourcesohio.org/ogdse/glossary
Outside general education less than 21% of the day: 54%
Outside general education between 21% and 60% of the day: 34%
Outside general education more than 60% of the day: 11%
Use the book for specifics!
Even more than last week; we are concerned with presentation in the instructional setting