Other low incidence sped 23000
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Other low incidence sped 23000 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO EXCEPTIONALITIES SPED 23000 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT (other) low incidence disabilities
  • 2. This week
    • No quiz – replaced with discussion
    • Volunteer experience project – DUE
      • Saturday, April 16 – 11:59 pm
    • Content:
      • Disparate
        • TBI
        • Deaf/blindness
        • MD
        • (sometimes) autism and CD
  • 3. Prevalence + broad definition + “severe”
    • All disabilities discussed in this chapter probably affect less than one percent of population
    • Refer to page 459 of text for definition from TASH
    • All disabilities discussed in this chapter probably affect less than one percent of population
    • No “severe” distinction exists in the law
    • Service and placement made based on individual need
  • 4. TBI - Definition
    • (xii) "Traumatic brain injury" means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force or by other medical conditions, including but not limited to stroke, anoxia, infectious disease, aneurysm, brain tumors and neurological insults resulting from medical or surgical treatments . The injury results in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance . The term applies to open or closed head injuries, as well as to other medical conditions that result in acquired brain injuries. The injuries result in impairments in one or more areas such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech . The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.
  • 5. TBI - Characteristics
    • Wildly variant depending on nature, severity and location of injury
      • Memory deficits
      • Acquisition deficits
      • Generalized learning problems
      • Generalized behavior problems/abnormalities
  • 6. Deaf-blindness - definition
    • Concomitant hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs designed solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.
  • 7. Multiple disabilities - definition
    • Concomitant impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness or mental retardation-orthopedic impairment), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. "Multiple disabilities" do not include deaf-blindness.
  • 8. CD and autism
    • “ Severe” when the instructional focus is only on adaptive skills
    • SIB
    • Self-stimulatory behavior
  • 9. Instruction
    • Refer to text
    • Instructional approaches as diverse as the populations