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MaD Session 5
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MaD Session 5 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Migration and Development Development potential beyond monetary remittances: Migration and Civil Society Community Level Environmental Awareness Foundation – Africa CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. GGDS 2012 1 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 2. Classification of Developmental activities: Education in Development Politics (Change of Development Cooperation Perspective) Migration and Integration Collation of State, NGO’s and North – South Partnerships Migrants and Diaspora Institutions for Developmental Projects in Developing Countries 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 3. Migration and Civil Society: Terms Terms Goal: Goal:  The aim of this session isisto look beyond the role of monetary Diaspora  The aim of this session is to look beyond the role of monetary The aim of this session is to look beyond the role of monetary The aim of this session to look beyond the role of monetary remittances and focus on Diaspora as civil society actors remittances and focus on Diaspora as civil society actors. remittances and focus on Diaspora as civil society actors remittances and focus on Diaspora as civil society actors. Participation Specifically: Specifically: Diaspora as civil society actors in Countries of origin Diaspora as civil society actors in Countries of origin Diaspora as civil society actors in Countries of origin Diaspora as civil society actors in Countries of origin MDO’s Diaspora’s political participation in receiving Countries Diaspora’s political participation in receiving Countries Diaspora’s political participation in receiving Countries Diaspora’s political participation in receiving Countries Actors Summary: Summary:  Role ofof the Diasporasupporting democratic Development in their in their  Role ofof the Diaspora in supporting democratic Development in their  Role the Diaspora in supporting democratic Development in their  Role the Diaspora in in supporting democratic Development Best Practice countries of of origin and howthey shareshare nationalnational the civil countries of origin andand how far they share in the national cake of countries of origin how far they share in the national cake of the civil countries origin and how far far they in the in the cake of cake of societies where they where they live abroad. societies where they live abroad live abroad. the civil societies live abroad the civil societies where they 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 4. Migration and Civil Society: Community Level Environmental Awareness Foundation – Africa 4 Paradigms of CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Migration and Development GGDS 2012 4 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 5. Correlation of Migration Political Parameters and Development Migrants facilitate Commitment of migrants development should be supported Migration facilitates Liberal migration politics development support circular migration Migration results of the Development aid contains Community Level Environmental Awarenessforced migration shortfall of development Foundation – Africa CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Negative aspects of migration Migration is a drawback of development GGDS 2012 softened through development aid 5 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 6. From Deficit to Potential (A drift to positive effects of migration ) 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 7. Commitment of migrants in countries of origin: Examples Examples Positive effects: Positive effects: Education  Target groups are addressed directly (higher acceptance, direct  Target groups are addressed directly (higher acceptance, direct relationship) relationship) Health Challenges: Challenges: Kids  Migrants favor individual and particular interest. They prefer their  Migrants favor individual and particular interest. They prefer their own ethical group or religious denomination – may cause conflicts. own ethical group or religious denomination – may cause conflicts. Environment Political Parameters: Political Parameters: Infrastructure  Establish partnership and ownership in mainstream development  Establish partnership and ownership in mainstream development cooperation. cooperation. 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 8. Project Example: Migrants build a school in Africa: 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 9. Political participation in countries of origin: Examples Examples Positive effects: Positive effects: Conciliation  Political Knowledge Transfer -- political remittances  Political Knowledge Transfer political remittances  Support for human rights, anti-corruption measures, sustainability)  Support for human rights, anti-corruption measures, sustainability) Ref. Parties Challenges: Challenges: Womens Rights   Long distance nationalism Long distance nationalism   Gilding memories Gilding memories Representation Political Parameters: Political Parameters: Conflicts  Controversial  Controversial 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 10. Migration and Civil Society: Migrants from countries of the Global South: Migrants from countries of the Global South:  17% of the 6.7 Millions of the foreigners living in Germany, come from  17% of the 6.7 Millions of the foreigners living in Germany, come from countries with low or middle income in the lowest section. (World Bank countries with low or middle income in the lowest section. (World Bank definition of developing Countries) .. definition of developing Countries)  Top most countries of origin:  Top most countries of origin:  Middle- and south eastern Europe –Ukraine Republic of Moldau,  Middle- and south eastern Europe –Ukraine Republic of Moldau, Kosovo Kosovo  Asia -- Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, Iran and China  Asia Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, Iran and China  Africa – Morocco, Tunisia, Ghana  Africa – Morocco, Tunisia, Ghana 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 11. From Despair to Diaspora (Migrant Status) Discrimination assumption Participatory Approach  Those who don’t feel welcome in  Very committed and involved receiving Countries are usually  Have time, Resources and very dedicated to their Homeland Motivation activities  Know-how Transfer Actors/Players international EZ? 1 2 3 4Migrants Discontented Asylum seekers Well established WorkersDifferent Forms Political reasons Economic motives Forced Migration  Have limited Resources  High intentions of return In search of greener Pastures  Have limited access to Information  Home transfers mainly Circular Migrants - Students  Do political mobilization and welfare 02.10.2012 © Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 12. Structure oriented Global Development (Social justice, Ecological Sustainability, Democracy, Participation) (Social justice, Ecological Sustainability, Democracy, Participation) 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 13. Political participation in receiving Countries: Positive effects: Positive effects: Examples Examples   Educators in Development Politics (create awareness and sensitization) Educators in Development Politics (create awareness and sensitization)   Welfare Projects of Migrant organizations Welfare Projects of Migrant organizations MEPa   Inclusion in networks of development politics- national & local municipalities Inclusion in networks of development politics- national & local municipalities PalMed Challenges: Challenges:   Lack of Resources and social strains Lack of Resources and social strains   Organizational and Structural deficits Organizational and Structural deficits AFFORD   Lack of Information and exchange avenues of MDO’s & local municipalities Lack of Information and exchange avenues of MDO’s & local municipalities Political Parameters: moveGLOBAL Political Parameters:   Focusing on Migrant-Strengths and not Weaknesses Focusing on Migrant-Strengths and not Weaknesses   Active and creative inclusion of MDOs in civil society decisions making Active and creative inclusion of MDOs in civil society decisions making Entwicklungs-   Strengthening Bonds between MDO’s and non-MDO’s politische Strengthening Bonds between MDO’s and non-MDO’s  Leitlinie Ba-Wü  Create conducive climate and open inter-cultural for Networking & liaison Create conducive climate and open inter-cultural for Networking & liaison   Acknowledgement, appreciation, gain from and support MDO Potentials Acknowledgement, appreciation, gain from and support MDO Potentials 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 14. Migration and Civil Society: Strengths of MDO DP:  Knowledge about Diaspora issues  Authentic  Function as BridgesDevelopment Potentials: &  Intercultural nts a competencies ra por Opening up to other Civil Society Actors ig (Churches, Unions, M ias D Umbrella organizations) Regular meetings with other MDOs Empowerment Qualification 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 15. Developing political Guidelines (A Case of Baden-Württemberg ) (A Case of Baden-Württemberg ) 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 16. Diversity Management Model (appreciate, accredit, support Diaspora) (appreciate, accredit, support Diaspora) 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 17. Diaspora as citizens (countries of origin // receiving countries) (countries of origin receiving countries) 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 18. Diaspora’s home and place of influence  Where is the Portion assigned to the Diaspora?  Living here, having been there, yet allocated nowhere! Nowhere Abroad Home 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 19. Migration and Civil Society: Recommendations: Recommendations:   Successful Development Politics in the North is prerequisite for Successful Development Politics in the North is prerequisite for successful Developmental Projects in the South successful Developmental Projects in the South   Ownership Ownership   Encourage // Promote Participation in Civil Society activities Encourage Promote Participation in Civil Society activities   Strengthen and consolidate Dialogs in Developmental Politics Strengthen and consolidate Dialogs in Developmental Politics in a sustainable and goal oriented manner in a sustainable and goal oriented manner   Concrete incentives from different Federal State MDO-Actors Concrete incentives from different Federal State MDO-Actors 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 20. Civil Society’s role make Diaspora seen, heard, strengthened make Diaspora seen, heard, strengthened 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 21. Thank you! 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 22. Back-up 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society
  • 23. Migration and Civil Society: Standpoint Migration and Development 02.10.2012© Copyright Anke Butscher Consult and CLEAN-AFRICA e.V. Dr. Anke Butscher/ Freda Marful Webinar: Migration and Civil Society