MaD Session 4

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MaD Session 4

  1. 1. Climate change induced displacement and migration People on the Move - Migration for DevelopmentSophia WirschingAdvisor for Migration and DevelopmentHuman Rights DepartmentDiakonisches Werk der EKD e.V.Stafflenbergstr. 76D-70184 Stuttgartmailto:s.wirsching@diakonie-human-rights.org
  2. 2. Outline• About „Brot für die Welt“• Climate Change and Migration • Causes and Scenarios • „Sinking Islands“ • Bangladesh • Definitions and their limits• Climate Refugees and International Law• Challenges• What needs to be done?26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  3. 3. „Brot für die Welt“ • Set up in 1959 • programme of development work initiated by the protestant churches in Germany • "Brot für die Welt" works jointly with local churches and partner organisations in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe on over 1,000 projects, all of which are aimed at helping people to help themselves. • part of Ecumenical Diaconia, a department of the Diakonisches Werk of the Evangelical Church in Germany • member of • Guiding principle: “Justice for the Poor”26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  4. 4. Climate Change leads to voluntary and forced migration Source: WBGUSource: WBGU26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  5. 5. Vulnerability to climate change impact“Degree to which geophysical, biological andsocio-economic systems are susceptibleto, and unable to cope with, adverse impactsof climate change” (IPPC, 2007)
  6. 6. „The Human Tide“ Climate induced Migration in NumbersEconomical and political factors remain driving forcesof displacement and migration.But: Climate change does contribute to displacementand migration already.WBGU: 10-25 % of global migration movements resultof climate change and climate change consequences(up to 60 million migrants) 26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  7. 7. Sinking Islands26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  8. 8. Sea Level Rise Quelle: CSM Geographie© 2008, Le Monde diplomatique, Berlin 26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  9. 9. Sun without mercy Source: CSM Geographie26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  10. 10. Water is a scarce ressource Disapearance of Lake ChadSource: BBC 26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  11. 11. Floods Burning Forests26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  12. 12. Impacts from a Human Rights perspectiveRising sea level and storms are direct causesof flooding of territories, populationdisplacement, salination of fresh waterresources, diminishing habitable andcultivable landImpact in turn affect the right to self-determination, right to own property, right tolife, right to work, right to development...
  13. 13. Impacts from a Human Rights perspectiveRising surface termperatures leads to greateroccurence of diseases ...Impacts affect the right to health and the rightto life
  14. 14. Impacts from a Human Rights perspectiveIncreasing frequency and intensity of extremewheather eventsaffects right to life, right to health, right tohousing...
  15. 15. Impacts from a Human Rights perspectiveReceding coastlines and permafrost meltingcause damage to land, houses and otherinfrastructureaffecting the right to an adequate standard ofliving
  16. 16. Frequent patterns of climate induced migration• Displaced Persons from rural areas resettle within short distances,• Aim to remain in familiar livelihood conditions• Movement to the larger cities second-tier• Exception: young, better educated men26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  17. 17. Ruhula Amin26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  18. 18. What do we know? • Most of the persons affected remain within the country • Forced migration and displacement often can be avoided through adaptation measures But: poorer countries often lack necessary resources for sustainable adaptation There is hardly any protection for climate induced displaced persons across borders .26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  19. 19. Four categories of mobility1. Forced Displacement2. Migration3. Planned relocation4. Immobility26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  20. 20. Definitions and their limits• Differentiation: climate or environment?• Cause: sudden or slow onset changes?• Whom we are talking about? – vulnerability – intra- or international movement – forced or voluntary? – permanent or temporary migration• Mobility has always been an adaptation strategy26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  21. 21. Protection gaps in International Law Source: T. Hummitzsch26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  22. 22. Challenges Climate Justice and Human Rights• Who takes responsibility for those who lost their everything due to anthropogenic climate change?• Which legal status has to be applied to persons deprived of their livelihood due to climate change?• According to which legal framework can those persons claim their rights?• Who pays the bill?• How can „the polluters“ be held liable?26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  23. 23. What needs to be done? Assume political responsibility and define answers26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  24. 24. What needs to be done? Avoid dangerous climate change26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  25. 25. What needs to be done? Adaptation with a human rights based approach26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  26. 26. What needs to be done? Establish protection mechanisms26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  27. 27. What needs to be done? Strengthening adaptation capacities26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland
  28. 28. Beyond Adaptation• Think beyond concepts of adaptation where necessary Remedy, Reparation, CompensationE.g. in the case of climate induced migration: develop concepts of protection: and support human rights based relocation
  29. 29. Thanks a lot for your attention! Sophia Wirsching s.wirsching@brot-fuer-die-welt.de www.brot-fuer-die-welt.de26. September 2012 webinar Alumniportal Deutschland

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