Personal Introduction• Ronald Lucardie• Born 8th October 1948 in Indonesia• Dutch Nationality• Social and Cultural Anthropologist (Nijmegen en Leiden)• Methodology of social sciences University of Nijmegen and Wageningen (until 1978)• Research Geographical mobility Northern Moluccas (1978 – 1982)• Policy Advisor Cordaid Netherlands (since 1986 until October 2012)• Policy Advisor Dutch Consortium of Migrant Organizations / DCMO (since November 2010)• Vice-president ERIO (European Roma Information Office) since 2009• President of EUNOMAD 2012 - 2014 1
Reframing the debate• Political analyses should be part and parcel of the debate.• “Bring men back in the debate”: Migrants as (co) actors not as factors. Stop instrumentalisation of migrants.• Recognition of the role of migrants as (co)builders of civil society by granting civil society space to their network organizations.• Allow migrants to maximize their capacities as transnationals. Break the dominant North – South patterns.• Redefining the concept of development into a more comprehensive idea of human (social) development, and implementation of this in policies, supporting activities.
The example of two Network organizations • EUNOMAD (2007) European Network on Migrations and Development www.eunomad.org • DCMO (2010) Dutch Consortium of Migrant Organizations (= EUNOMAD Netherlands secretariat) www.migrantconsortium.nl
THE EUNOMAD NETWORKA public arena for multi-actors dialogueEunomad is a European network thatpresent itself as a public arena formulti-actors dialogue on practiceslinking migration, citizenship,integration and development.
Eunomad is a European network that present itself as a public arena for multi-actors dialogue on practices linking migration, citizenship, integration and development. Choices – positioning – claimed added value• Where: Public arena• With whom: Multi-actors• For what:• dialogue on practices• How: Linking migration, citizenship, integration and development• Range: European network
Civil Society (Constellation of The Netherlands) Government army Other actors? Citizens Church ? Migrant organizationsbusiness Civil society 6
The values shared within the networkare based on the will to:• Recognize migrant citizens’ contributions to countries of origin and European countries• Affirm the wealth of mobility for development “here and there”• Rationalising the debate on immigration in Europe
Activities – areas - methods• Capitalization• Study (research – analyses)• Advocacy
EUROPE WIDE NETWORKIntrinsic characteristics of migration:• Crossing borders• transnational• “civil society arena” is a wide as where the migration goes
Extra ChallengeEurope is still “An Europe of Nations”• Different constellations of civil society• Different migration histories• Different social, political, cultural context• Etc.
Added value of EUNOMAD asan European netwerkIn the form of an hypothesis:Because of its intrinsic border crossingand transnational nature, migration andthe migrants may actively contribute tothe building of a real unified Europe…..
An important element in EUNOMAD’ messages(capitalization – study/research – advocacy)Cultural diversity indevelopment projects / Why do consider thisto be important?Why should Eunomad address the question ofinterculturality /1 example: UETD
The EUNOMAD assumptions• Cultural diversity guaranties the “refreshment” of societies, and gives them “quality boosts”, enriches them. Many historical examples (Ptolomaic Empires, Roman Empire, Moghul Empire, the Netherlands, small island societies in the Moluccas….)• Migration is also movement of ideas. This is part of the positive contribution migrants can give to both host and home country: Exchange of cultural ideas..
Exampel:Circulair migration UETD (United EuropeanTurkish Democrats)• Bring to the host country the values of social enterprising (Ahilik system from the Otoman empire, based on the Mevlana – Konya philosophy)• Bring back to the home country ideas of human rights, democracy, gender, etc.