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Al Gore calls for 100% clean electricity and independence from foreign oil within ten years “ a political promise to do something 40 years from now is universally ignored because everyone knows that it's meaningless. Ten years is about the maximum time that we as a nation can hold a steady aim and hit our target.”
Mark Jacobson: Shifting the world to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2030 The cost of generating and transmitting power would be less than the projected cost per kilowatt-hour for fossil-fuel and nuclear power. 3.8 million large wind turbines, 90,000 solar plants, and numerous geothermal, tidal and rooftop photovoltaic installations worldwide.
Key technology – concentrating solar thermal power
Solar Two – 1996 - 1999 Run by the U.S. DoE, Sandia National Laboratories, Lockheed Martin, Bechtel, Boeing 10MW turbine molten salt storage
50MW – Spain 100MW – Nevada 150MW – California
Baseload Solar Thermal Power Andasol 1,2, Extresol 1, SAMCA 1, Spain, operating now, 7.5 hours energy storage Torresol Gemasolar Spain, on line 2011, 15 hours energy storage 24 hour Dispatchable Power
Electrifying vehicle fleet: 5:1 efficiency gain biofuels for minimal 5% non-electrification Modal shift: Shift to freight rail. Electric trains and trams, 50% of urban passenger-kilometres, 25% of non-urban by public transport Electrifying transport
Nissan Patrol Capacity 5 17 litres per 100km How Easy is Energy Efficiency in Transport? Siemens Combino tram Capacity 190 16 litres per 100km (Oil Energy Equiv) The Nissan Patrol uses more energy to move 5 people around the city than a Siemens tram uses to move 190 people
“ The review finds that the transmission scenario proposed is technically feasible in terms of capacity and reliability. In addition, the proposed transmission uses mature technology with proven capability around the world.” SKM Review of ZCA2020 transmission The National Grid ZCA2020 National Grid
Australia's renewable energy grid: 2020 Australia’s Renewable Energy Grid 2020