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  • 1. The CAN DO team
  • 2.  
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  • 4. Carbon Budget 2010-2050
  • 5. Al Gore calls for 100% clean electricity and independence from foreign oil within ten years “ a political promise to do something 40 years from now is universally ignored because everyone knows that it's meaningless. Ten years is about the maximum time that we as a nation can hold a steady aim and hit our target.”
  • 6. Mark Jacobson: Shifting the world to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2030 The cost of generating and transmitting power would be less than the projected cost per kilowatt-hour for fossil-fuel and nuclear power. 3.8 million large wind turbines, 90,000 solar plants, and numerous geothermal, tidal and rooftop photovoltaic installations worldwide.
  • 7. Key technology – concentrating solar thermal power
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  • 12. Solar Two – 1996 - 1999 Run by the U.S. DoE, Sandia National Laboratories, Lockheed Martin, Bechtel, Boeing 10MW turbine molten salt storage
  • 13. 50MW – Spain 100MW – Nevada 150MW – California
  • 14. Baseload Solar Thermal Power Andasol 1,2, Extresol 1, SAMCA 1, Spain, operating now, 7.5 hours energy storage Torresol Gemasolar Spain, on line 2011, 15 hours energy storage 24 hour Dispatchable Power
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  • 21. What’s happening in Spain? Access to the grid request of STE projects by Oct 2009 15.561 MW
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  • 25. Electricity and Energy Demand
  • 26. Buildings -efficiency, heat pumps & solar
  • 27. Electrifying vehicle fleet: 5:1 efficiency gain biofuels for minimal 5% non-electrification Modal shift: Shift to freight rail. Electric trains and trams, 50% of urban passenger-kilometres, 25% of non-urban by public transport Electrifying transport
  • 28. Nissan Patrol Capacity 5 17 litres per 100km How Easy is Energy Efficiency in Transport? Siemens Combino tram Capacity 190 16 litres per 100km (Oil Energy Equiv) ‏ The Nissan Patrol uses more energy to move 5 people around the city than a Siemens tram uses to move 190 people
  • 29.
    • To supply 60% of Australia’s energy
    • Each tower module generates 217 MWe
    • Ability to store energy and dispatch as needed, day or night, enough for 17 hrs at full output
    • One site or Solar Region will be made up of 19 modules and will have a capacity of 3,500 MW
    • Proposed 12 sites distributed across Australia
    ZCA2020 Solar Thermal Power 217 MW Module 3500 MW Solar Region
  • 30. ZCA2020 Wind Power
    • To Supply 40% of Australia’s energy
    • 6,400 Enercon E-126 turbines, each 7.5 MW
    • Low-cost, technologically mature, first dispatch
    • One Wind Region will be either 2,000 MW (270 turbines) or 3,000 MW ( 400 turbines), distributed among smaller wind farms
    • Proposed 23 geographically diverse regions across Australia
  • 31.  
  • 32. “ The review finds that the transmission scenario proposed is technically feasible in terms of capacity and reliability. In addition, the proposed transmission uses mature technology with proven capability around the world.” SKM Review of ZCA2020 transmission The National Grid ZCA2020 National Grid
  • 33. Australia's renewable energy grid: 2020 Australia’s Renewable Energy Grid 2020
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  • 35. Getting the job done in as fast as 10 years Manufacturing Construction
  • 36. CST Scaleup 600,000 Heliostats/yr 30 concrete towers
  • 37. Enercon Viana Do Costelo Wind Turbine blade and tower factories Portugal 250 towers per year 600 Blades 400 Jobs
  • 38. Labour Requirements
  • 39. Achievability: Jobs In Context
  • 40. Resource Requirements
  • 41. Solar Thermal Cost Reduction Trajectory
  • 42. Safe Climate - a Bargain at 3% of GDP
  • 43. Cost to society all energy
  • 44. 1 mirror OR 20 tons of coal OUR CHOICE – for the next 30 years
  • 45. Support BZE Support Our Research - Pro bono research - Tax deductible donations - Public communications plan More information at www.beyondzeroemissions.org