Hans-Josef Fell - Beyond Zero Emissions May Discussion Group
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Hans-Josef Fell - Beyond Zero Emissions May Discussion Group

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Hans-Josef Fell is our special guest at the Beyond Zero Emissions discussion group held in partnership with the University of Melbourne Office of Environment Program

Hans-Josef Fell is our special guest at the Beyond Zero Emissions discussion group held in partnership with the University of Melbourne Office of Environment Program

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Hans-Josef Fell - Beyond Zero Emissions May Discussion Group Hans-Josef Fell - Beyond Zero Emissions May Discussion Group Presentation Transcript

  • Renewable Energies and Climate Protection Skype Conference May 3th 2010 Hans-Josef Fell, Member of German Parliament
  • 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann
  • Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice
  • Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice
  • Climate problems can only be solved by two strategies:
    • 1. Stop greenhouse gas emissions
    • (not only reduce the emissions)
    • promote renewable technologies
    • completely cancel the use of fossil and nuclear energies
    • 2. Take out carbon from atmosphere
    • convert plants to humus soil (HTC)
    • reforesting big areas
    • The Target must be: 330 ppm CO 2
    Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de
  • Share of Renewables in the Gross Electricity Consumption in Germany Source: BDEW
  • Avoided Costs due to Renewable Energies in 2009 Source: BEE
  • Average electricity costs for a multi-person household in Germany: 52 € Source: BMU 2009
  • Job engine renewable energies in Germany Source: BEE /BMU 2009 Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de Renewable Energies
  • 57 Mio. t 5,6 bn. € 8 Mio.t 4,3 bn. € Source: www.energie-verstehen.de Comparing Climate protection tools in Germany Renewable Energy Sources Act (2007) v. Emission trading system (2005-07) Emission trading system Renewable Energy Sources Act
    • A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030
    ‘ Wind, water and solar technologies can provide 100 percent of the world’s energy, eliminating all fossil fuels.‘ (Mark Z. Jacobson & Mark A. Delucchi)
  • Sources: Mark Z. Jacobson/ Mark DeLucchi 2009, A plan for a sustainable future, in: Scientific American Nov. 2009 Dr. Werner Zittel 2010, Worldwide Estimated Yearly Energy Costs (EWG 2010) Renewable energies are cheaper than global fossil energy bill Estimated costs fossil, nuclear energies (US $) Petroleum Natural Gas Coal Electricity Sum per year (without external costs!) 3350-4475 Bil. 550-830 Bil. 150-300 Bil. 1490-2150 Bil. 5000–7750 Bil. Sum 2010-2030 (+ 20% rise) 200 000 Bil. Sum to replace world’s energy by 2030 100 000 Bil.
  • Key components of a successfull feed-in law
    • Privileged grid access
    • Attractive feed-in tariff for each RE technology
    • (must be high enough for cost-effecient RE power production)
    • Feed-in cost distributed via electricity price
    • No cap on total amount of generated RE power
    • Guaranteed feed-in period
    • Also important: No obstacles through approval procedures in practice
    www.hans-josef-fell.de
  • Photovoltaic www.hans-josef-fell.de
  • Innovation of Wind Power Technology 20 Years Development of Wind Power Technology (20 kW to 6 MW) www.hans-josef-fell.de
  • Biogas www.hans-josef-fell.de
  • Geothermal Energy www.hans-josef-fell.de Hot-Dry-Rock Method
  • Small Hydropower www.hans-josef-fell.de Source: Badenova
  • Source: REN21 Renewable Energy Share of Global Final Energy Consumption
  • Worldwide Potential Renewable Energy Source : FVS/DLR
  • Oil production world summary Energy Watch Group WEO 2008
  • Umsätze der 16 wertvollsten Konzerne 2008 Quelle: SZ, 28.08.09
  • Corporate Profits Rise with Oil Price Quelle Ölpreis: MWV (Rohölsorte WTI); Quelle Gewinne: Jahresabschlüsse
  • Global coal production: Peak 2030
  • Example: Lignite Power Station Neurath Consumption of lignite from mine Mio. t/a
  • Pripjat Towncenter April 2006: 20 years after Tchernobyl nuclear accident
  •  
  • Climate problems can only be solved by two strategies:
    • 1. Stop greenhouse gas emissions
    • (not only reduce the emissions)
    • promote renewable technologies
    • completely cancel the use of fossil and nuclear energies
    • 2. Take out carbon from atmosphere
    • convert plants to humus soil (HTC)
    • reforesting big areas
    • The Target must be: 330 ppm CO 2
    Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de
  • Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) Source: MPI of Colloids and Interfaces
    • Process:
    • Input: plants (+ side products)
    • Outcome: biochar (+ energy)
    • Usage of biochar:
    • fuel
    • chemical base
    • (oil substitute)
    • CO 2 –binding in soil
  • Climate protection with HTC
    • 20 t biochar can be put into soil per hectare
    • With an additional 100 t carbon due to the growing generativity of the soil (e.g. afforestation)
    • Around 200 Gt CO 2 could be taken out of the atmosphere in the next 30 years
    • -> 330 ppm
    • Needed: about 8 Mio. HTC-machines worldwide
    • Overall costs: US $ 1000 Bil.
    Source: MPI of Colloids and Interfaces
  • Afforestation by sowing forest seeds
    • Forest seeds are much cheaper than plantation (US $ 500 per hectare)
    • In the Tropics an annual rate of return of up to US $ 10 000 can be achieved
    • In a temperate zone an annual rate of return at least US $ 500 per hectare
    Source: Forest Seed
  • Climate-protection policies Promoting renewable energy,chemistry & organic farming:
    • Laws for feed-in-tariffs
    • tax relief for renewables
    • canceling subsidies for intensive agriculture, for fossil and nuclear energy and chemistry
    • research and education offensive for renewables and organic farming
    • reduction of approval obstacles
    • dispose big areas for reforesting
    • not successful: quota or certificate systems
    • (unable to promote fast climate protection)
  • Many Thanks for your Attention! Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de