Renewable Energies and Climate Protection  Skype Conference May 3th  2010 Hans-Josef Fell,  Member of German Parliament
1979 17th September Arctic sea ice Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann
Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice
Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice
Climate problems can only be solved by two strategies: <ul><li>1. Stop greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>(not onl...
Share of Renewables in the Gross Electricity Consumption in Germany  Source: BDEW
Avoided Costs due to Renewable Energies in 2009 Source: BEE
Average electricity costs for a multi-person household in Germany: 52 € Source: BMU 2009
Job engine renewable energies in Germany Source: BEE /BMU 2009 Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de Renewable  Energies
57 Mio. t 5,6  bn. € 8 Mio.t 4,3 bn. € Source: www.energie-verstehen.de Comparing Climate protection tools in Germany  Ren...
<ul><li>A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030 </li></ul>‘ Wind, water and solar technologies can provide 100 percent of the...
Sources:  Mark Z. Jacobson/ Mark DeLucchi 2009, A plan for a sustainable future, in: Scientific  American Nov. 2009  Dr. W...
Key components of a successfull feed-in law <ul><li>Privileged grid access </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive feed-in tariff for...
Photovoltaic www.hans-josef-fell.de
Innovation of Wind Power Technology  20 Years Development of Wind Power Technology  (20 kW to 6 MW) www.hans-josef-fell.de
Biogas www.hans-josef-fell.de
Geothermal Energy www.hans-josef-fell.de Hot-Dry-Rock Method
Small Hydropower www.hans-josef-fell.de Source: Badenova
Source: REN21 Renewable Energy Share of Global Final  Energy Consumption
Worldwide Potential Renewable Energy Source : FVS/DLR
Oil production world summary Energy Watch Group WEO 2008
Umsätze der 16 wertvollsten Konzerne 2008 Quelle: SZ, 28.08.09
Corporate Profits Rise with Oil Price Quelle Ölpreis: MWV (Rohölsorte WTI); Quelle Gewinne: Jahresabschlüsse
Global coal production: Peak 2030
Example: Lignite Power Station Neurath Consumption of lignite from mine Mio. t/a
Pripjat Towncenter  April 2006: 20 years after Tchernobyl nuclear accident
 
Climate problems can only be solved by two strategies: <ul><li>1. Stop greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>(not onl...
Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) Source:  MPI of Colloids and Interfaces <ul><li>Process:  </li></ul><ul><li>Input: plants...
Climate protection with HTC <ul><li>20 t biochar can be put into soil per hectare </li></ul><ul><li>With an additional 100...
Afforestation by sowing forest seeds  <ul><li>Forest seeds are much cheaper than plantation (US $ 500 per hectare) </li></...
Climate-protection policies Promoting renewable energy,chemistry & organic farming:     <ul><li>Laws for feed-in-tariffs  ...
Many Thanks  for your Attention! Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de
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Hans-Josef Fell - Beyond Zero Emissions May Discussion Group

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Hans-Josef Fell is our special guest at the Beyond Zero Emissions discussion group held in partnership with the University of Melbourne Office of Environment Program

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  • Hans-Josef Fell - Beyond Zero Emissions May Discussion Group

    1. 1. Renewable Energies and Climate Protection Skype Conference May 3th 2010 Hans-Josef Fell, Member of German Parliament
    2. 2. 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann
    3. 3. Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice
    4. 4. Quelle: Prof. Dr. Anders Levermann 1979 17th September Arctic sea ice
    5. 5. Climate problems can only be solved by two strategies: <ul><li>1. Stop greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>(not only reduce the emissions) </li></ul><ul><li>promote renewable technologies </li></ul><ul><li>completely cancel the use of fossil and nuclear energies </li></ul><ul><li>2. Take out carbon from atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>convert plants to humus soil (HTC) </li></ul><ul><li>reforesting big areas </li></ul><ul><li>The Target must be: 330 ppm CO 2 </li></ul>Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de
    6. 6. Share of Renewables in the Gross Electricity Consumption in Germany Source: BDEW
    7. 7. Avoided Costs due to Renewable Energies in 2009 Source: BEE
    8. 8. Average electricity costs for a multi-person household in Germany: 52 € Source: BMU 2009
    9. 9. Job engine renewable energies in Germany Source: BEE /BMU 2009 Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de Renewable Energies
    10. 10. 57 Mio. t 5,6 bn. € 8 Mio.t 4,3 bn. € Source: www.energie-verstehen.de Comparing Climate protection tools in Germany Renewable Energy Sources Act (2007) v. Emission trading system (2005-07) Emission trading system Renewable Energy Sources Act
    11. 11. <ul><li>A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030 </li></ul>‘ Wind, water and solar technologies can provide 100 percent of the world’s energy, eliminating all fossil fuels.‘ (Mark Z. Jacobson & Mark A. Delucchi)
    12. 12. Sources: Mark Z. Jacobson/ Mark DeLucchi 2009, A plan for a sustainable future, in: Scientific American Nov. 2009 Dr. Werner Zittel 2010, Worldwide Estimated Yearly Energy Costs (EWG 2010) Renewable energies are cheaper than global fossil energy bill Estimated costs fossil, nuclear energies (US $) Petroleum Natural Gas Coal Electricity Sum per year (without external costs!) 3350-4475 Bil. 550-830 Bil. 150-300 Bil. 1490-2150 Bil. 5000–7750 Bil. Sum 2010-2030 (+ 20% rise) 200 000 Bil. Sum to replace world’s energy by 2030 100 000 Bil.
    13. 13. Key components of a successfull feed-in law <ul><li>Privileged grid access </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive feed-in tariff for each RE technology </li></ul><ul><li>(must be high enough for cost-effecient RE power production) </li></ul><ul><li>Feed-in cost distributed via electricity price </li></ul><ul><li>No cap on total amount of generated RE power </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed feed-in period </li></ul><ul><li>Also important: No obstacles through approval procedures in practice </li></ul>www.hans-josef-fell.de
    14. 14. Photovoltaic www.hans-josef-fell.de
    15. 15. Innovation of Wind Power Technology 20 Years Development of Wind Power Technology (20 kW to 6 MW) www.hans-josef-fell.de
    16. 16. Biogas www.hans-josef-fell.de
    17. 17. Geothermal Energy www.hans-josef-fell.de Hot-Dry-Rock Method
    18. 18. Small Hydropower www.hans-josef-fell.de Source: Badenova
    19. 19. Source: REN21 Renewable Energy Share of Global Final Energy Consumption
    20. 20. Worldwide Potential Renewable Energy Source : FVS/DLR
    21. 21. Oil production world summary Energy Watch Group WEO 2008
    22. 22. Umsätze der 16 wertvollsten Konzerne 2008 Quelle: SZ, 28.08.09
    23. 23. Corporate Profits Rise with Oil Price Quelle Ölpreis: MWV (Rohölsorte WTI); Quelle Gewinne: Jahresabschlüsse
    24. 24. Global coal production: Peak 2030
    25. 25. Example: Lignite Power Station Neurath Consumption of lignite from mine Mio. t/a
    26. 26. Pripjat Towncenter April 2006: 20 years after Tchernobyl nuclear accident
    27. 27.
    28. 29. Climate problems can only be solved by two strategies: <ul><li>1. Stop greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>(not only reduce the emissions) </li></ul><ul><li>promote renewable technologies </li></ul><ul><li>completely cancel the use of fossil and nuclear energies </li></ul><ul><li>2. Take out carbon from atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>convert plants to humus soil (HTC) </li></ul><ul><li>reforesting big areas </li></ul><ul><li>The Target must be: 330 ppm CO 2 </li></ul>Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de
    29. 30. Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) Source: MPI of Colloids and Interfaces <ul><li>Process: </li></ul><ul><li>Input: plants (+ side products) </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome: biochar (+ energy) </li></ul><ul><li>Usage of biochar: </li></ul><ul><li>fuel </li></ul><ul><li>chemical base </li></ul><ul><li>(oil substitute) </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 –binding in soil </li></ul>
    30. 31. Climate protection with HTC <ul><li>20 t biochar can be put into soil per hectare </li></ul><ul><li>With an additional 100 t carbon due to the growing generativity of the soil (e.g. afforestation) </li></ul><ul><li>Around 200 Gt CO 2 could be taken out of the atmosphere in the next 30 years </li></ul><ul><li>-> 330 ppm </li></ul><ul><li>Needed: about 8 Mio. HTC-machines worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Overall costs: US $ 1000 Bil. </li></ul>Source: MPI of Colloids and Interfaces
    31. 32. Afforestation by sowing forest seeds <ul><li>Forest seeds are much cheaper than plantation (US $ 500 per hectare) </li></ul><ul><li>In the Tropics an annual rate of return of up to US $ 10 000 can be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>In a temperate zone an annual rate of return at least US $ 500 per hectare </li></ul>Source: Forest Seed
    32. 33. Climate-protection policies Promoting renewable energy,chemistry & organic farming: <ul><li>Laws for feed-in-tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>tax relief for renewables </li></ul><ul><li>canceling subsidies for intensive agriculture, for fossil and nuclear energy and chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>research and education offensive for renewables and organic farming </li></ul><ul><li>reduction of approval obstacles </li></ul><ul><li>dispose big areas for reforesting </li></ul><ul><li>not successful: quota or certificate systems </li></ul><ul><li>(unable to promote fast climate protection) </li></ul>
    33. 34. Many Thanks for your Attention! Hans-Josef Fell www.hans-josef-fell.de
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