James Cook


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This power point was created by Kelsie and Emily of Ocean Road Primary School, Mandurah WA

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  • i am really sorry but I thought james cook was born in the year of 1728 and I also search it in the internet so why does it says 1724
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James Cook

  1. 1. James Cook explorers
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>James Cook was a British Explorer. </li></ul><ul><li>He was born on October the 27 th 1724 </li></ul><ul><li>His first experience at sea came at the age of 18 when he signed on as a deckhand aboard a Whitby collier carrying coal to London. He became an accomplished mathematician in his spare time and was actually offered a command of his own ship but refused and joined the Royal Navy as a seaman. His talents were soon recognized and after two years he became master of his own ship . </li></ul>
  3. 3. James Cook portrait
  4. 4. Family <ul><li>James cook father and mother were farmers. His Dad was named James Cook as well and his mother was Grace Pace .James Cook had a family of 5 but some of James Cook sisters and brother died at the age of 5, their names were Mary, Mary (again), Jane and William. His older brother John, died at the age of 23. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Love life <ul><li>Cook married Elizabeth Batts, daughter of Samuel Batts keeper of The Bell Inn. They had 6 children James, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Joseph, George and Hugh. 3 of his children died in their childhood (infancy). He married Elizabeth Batts at the age of 34. Although married for 17 years, they only spent 4 years together due to extensive travelling. When Cook was not at sea he lived at the East End Of London. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Early Life <ul><li>Cook was born in the village of Marton in, Yorkshire In 1736, his family moved to Airey Holme farm at Great Ayton , where his father's employer, Thomas Skottowe paid for him to attend the local school (which is now a museum). When cook was younger he always wanted to be a captain of a ship named after him. In 1741, after 5 years of schooling, he began to work for his father. In 1745 he moved 32km to the fishing village of staithes to be an apprentice in grocery/haberdashery. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Captain Cook’s Ships <ul><li>Cook’s ships were called the Resolution. The Resolution was only 110 feet (34. meters). The Endeavour was even smaller. He also had a ship called the Adventure </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1 st Voyages <ul><li>In 1766 Cook got hired to travel on a boat to the pacific ocean to observe and record the transit of Venus across the sun. He sailed from England 1768,rounded cape horn and continued westward to the pacific to arrive at the shores of Tahiti on the 11 th of April 1769, where the observations were made. He travelled on his ship the Endeavour with 98 crew men. He always made sure that his crew would eat healthy. He made sure the ship had fruit and vegetables everyday. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2 nd voyage <ul><li>Later after his return, Cook was promoted from master to commander. A while after that he was commissioned by the Royal Society to search for the mythical terra Australis. He took two different ships the Adventure and the resolution. The accomplishment of the second voyage was a big success. Cook almost encountered Antarctica but turned back North towards Tahiti to resupply his ship. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3 rd Voyage <ul><li>On Cooks last voyage he travelled to the South Pacific, from there he travelled Northeast to explore the west coast of North America. He landed near the First Nations Village. He sailed on the resolution with 112 other people .During this time Cook experienced an attack, local people killed and ate James Cooks crew. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Antarctica <ul><li>In 1772 James cook was sent to search for Antarctica. Cook was to go to Antarctica and find wildlife ect. His voyage lasted three years. Him and his crew travelled in two small ships called the Resolution and the Adventure. Cook and his crew crossed the Antarctic circle four times. Cook and his crew were the first to circumnavigate Antarctica and prove that it lay south of the Antarctic circle. He also discovered other islands on his voyage such as South Georgia and South Sandwich islands. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reasons of Fame <ul><li>James Cook was famous because he was the first to discover Antarctica and that made him a very famous explorer. He was also famous because he discovered other islands. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cooks Prediction <ul><li>Cook predicted that no one would explore further south then he did, he also said that Antarctica was a remote country and it was a frozen waste land. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Legacy <ul><li>Cooks 12 years sailing around the Pacific ocean contributed much to European knowledge of the areas. Several islands such as Sandwich islands were encountered for the first time by Europeans and his more accurate navigational charting of large areas of the Pacific was a major acheivment. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Death <ul><li>In January 14th 1779 Cook spent some weeks refitting at Hawaii. Soon afterwards he was forced to return because of further damage to resolution (Ship). The Hawaiians, friendly on the first occasion, were now hostile. A large crowd gathered and attacked the landing party. In the resulting confusion, cook was stabbed before his guards of marines could intervene. </li></ul>
  16. 16. James Cook <ul><li>He has been viewed as a thorough, systematic, professional seaman, greatly respected by his crew historians. Many of his navigations charts were used well into the 1800’s due to his great skill and accuracy in cartoonography. </li></ul>
  17. 17. James Cooks Maps
  18. 18. Maps
  19. 19. James Cooks brothers and sisters
  20. 20. James Cooks wife <ul><li>This is James Cooks wife Elizabeth Batts. </li></ul>
  21. 21. References <ul><li>We used the book called Explorers of Antarctica. </li></ul><ul><li>We used the Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>www.jamescook.com </li></ul><ul><li>We used another book called The life of James Cook. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The End <ul><li>Done by Kelsey Taylor and Emily Ennis. Thanks </li></ul>