34 Old Testament -I Will Betroth Thee Unto me in
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Lesson 34: “I Will Betroth Thee unto Me in Righteousness”, Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, pg 166

Lesson 34: “I Will Betroth Thee unto Me in Righteousness”, Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, pg 166

Hosea 1–3; 11; 13–14

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  • “I Will Betroth Thee unto Me in Righteousness”Lesson 34: “I Will Betroth Thee unto Me in Righteousness”, Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, 166Hosea 1–3; 11; 13–14Purpose To understand that the Lord is loving and merciful and will forgive us when we repent and return to him. Preparation 1. Prayerfully study the following scriptures: a. Hosea 1–3. Using the similitude of a faithful husband and an adulterous wife, Hosea describes the relationship between the Lord and Israel. b. Hosea 11; 13–14. Because of his love for his people, the Lord continues to invite Israel to repent and return to him. 2. Additional reading: The rest of Hosea.
  • • Why do you think Hosea and other prophets used comparisons? (Comparing a complicated or unfamiliar idea with one that is simpler or more familiar makes it more understandable to the people who are being taught. Comparisons also help provide a lot of detail in just a few words.) In addition to these smaller comparisons, Hosea also used extended comparisons, which are called metaphors or similitudes (similitude is the word used in the scriptures). The book of Hosea contains several comparisons to help us understand the relationship between Jesus Christ and his people. “The children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea” (Hosea 1:10) “I will pour out my wrath upon them like water” (Hosea 5:10) “The Lord … shall come unto us as the rain” (Hosea 6:3) “He shall come as an eagle” (Hosea 8:1) “Israel is an empty vine” (Hosea 10:1) “Judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field” (Hosea 10:4) “They shall be … as the smoke out of the chimney” (Hosea 13:3) “I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps [cubs]” (Hosea 13:8) “I am like a green fir tree” (Hosea 14:8)
  • 1. Using the similitude of a faithful husband and an adulterous wife, Hosea describes the relationship between the Lord and Israel. Hosea 1–3. One of the most frequently used similitudes in the scriptures describes the Lord as a bridegroom (or husband) and his covenant people as his bride (or wife). Hosea 1–3 powerfully uses this similitude, comparing Israel’s idol worship to adultery. In these chapters the prophet Hosea represents the Lord as the husband, and Gomer represents Israel as the wife. • In the book of Hosea, the Lord’s relationship with Israel (and with the Church today) is compared to the relationship between a husband and wife. What does this comparison teach us about the level of commitment and devotion the Lord expects from us? • In what way was ancient Israel comparable to Gomer, who is described as “a wife of whoredoms”? (See Hosea 1:2–3; 2:5, 13. Gomer had left her husband for her lovers; Israel had forgotten the Lord and become wicked.) • Who or what were Israel’s “lovers”—the things that caused the people to turn away from the Lord? (Other gods, material goods, and the practices of the world.) What things may divert us from our dedication to following the Savior? • To whom did the adulterous wife give credit for her food and clothing? (See Hosea 2:5.) To whom did the Israelites attribute the fruitful land in which they lived? (See Hosea 2:5, 12; to their false gods or idols.) How do people today give credit to false gods for the blessings they receive? • How did the husband remind his wife that he—not her lovers—supplied her with food, water, and other possessions? (See Hosea 2:8–9.) In what ways has the Lord provided you with material and spiritual blessings? How can we show our appreciation to the Lord for the blessings he gives us? • What was the attitude of the husband toward his unfaithful wife in Hosea 2:6–13? How was this attitude different in verses 14–23? (Point out that even though the wife had been unfaithful, the husband still loved her and wanted her to come back to him. Likewise, the Lord still loves his people who have gone astray, and he wants them to turn again to him.)
  • Elder Henry B. Eyring explained: “This was a love story. This was a story of a marriage covenant bound by love, by steadfast love. … The Lord, with whom I am blessed to have made covenants, loves me, and you, … with a steadfastness about which I continually marvel and which I want with all my heart to emulate” (Covenants and Sacrifice [address delivered at the Church Educational System Symposium, 15 Aug. 1995], 2). • What did the husband promise his wife if she would return to him? (See Hosea 2:19.)
  • What does the Lord promise his people if they will repent and return to him? (See Hosea 2:20, 23.) Why is this promise important? • In Hosea 3:1–2, the husband purchased his wife from her lover (you may want to explain that in Old Testament cultures, women were often considered property and could be bought or sold). What did the husband require of his wife after he purchased her? (See Hosea 3:3.) What did he promise her? In what sense has Jesus Christ “bought” each of us? (See 1 Peter 1:18–19.) PETER 1:18-19The trial of our faith precedes salvation—Christ foreordained to be the Redeemer.   18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not aredeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your bvain conversation received by ctradition from your fathers;   19 But with the precious ablood of Christ, as of a blamb without cblemish and without spot: What does Christ require of us in return?
  • 2. Because of his love for his people, the Lord continues to invite Israel to repent and return to him. Hosea 11; 13–14. Throughout the book of Hosea, the Lord reproves the Israelites for their great sins. After the Lord, through Hosea, describes the captivity and destruction that will result from Israel’s wickedness, he again invites his people to repent and return to him. • Another similitude often used in the scriptures to describe the relationship between the Lord and his people is the master-animal relationship. This similitude is used briefly in Hosea 11:4. HOSEA 11:4 Israel, as a child, called out of Egypt in similitude of our Lord, as a child, returning therefrom—But Ephraim turns away from the Lord. 4 I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them. What do we learn about the Lord’s feelings for his people through this comparison? (See also Hosea 11:7–9. Note that the Joseph Smith Translation of verse 8 says “mine heart is turned toward thee” instead of “mine heart is turned within me.”)
  • REPENT That I May Heal You by Elder Neil Anderson’s Talk Oct 2009 Sat session of General Conference. (9:08)
  • What do we learn about the Lord’s feelings for his people through this comparison? (See also Hosea 11:7–9. Note that the Joseph Smith Translation of verse 8 says “mine heart is turned toward thee” instead of “mine heart is turned within me.”) 7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt him.  8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.   9 I will not execute the fierceness of mine anger, I will not return to destroy Ephraim: for I am God, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee: and I will not enter into the city.b JST Hosea 11: 8 . . . toward thee, and my mercies are extended to gather thee.
  • • Several times the Lord reminded the Israelites of how their ancestors were delivered out of captivity in Egypt (Hosea 11:1; HOSEA 11:11 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt. 12:9, 13;HOSEA 12:9;13The Lord uses prophets and visions and similitudes to guide his people, but they become rich and will not wait on the Lord—Ephraim provoked him most bitterly. 9 And I that am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the solemn feast. 13 And by a prophet the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved. 13:4–5). HOSEA 13:4-5Ephraim’s sins provoke the Lord—There is no Savior beside the Lord—He ransoms from the grave and redeems from death. 4 Yet I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me.    5 ¶ I did know thee in the wilderness, in the land of great drought. What might this event be a similitude of? (See Hosea 13:14. As the Lord delivered the children of Israel from bondage in Egypt, so will he deliver them—and all people who come unto him—from sin and death.) • What did the Israelites need to do to return to the Lord and receive deliverance? (See Hosea 12:6; 14:2–3. They needed to repent of their sins and renounce the other gods they had worshiped.) What did the Lord promise to do if they repented? (See Hosea 14:4–7.) What does the Lord promise he will do if we repent of our sins?
  • HOSEA 13:4Ephraim’s sins provoke the Lord—There is no Savior beside the Lord—He ransoms from the grave and redeems from death. 4 Yet I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me.
  • • How do the similitudes in the book of Hosea help you understand how the Savior feels about you? Conclusion The Lord’s blessings are reserved for those who keep his commandments, his love is constant and extended to all. Even when we turn away from him through sin, the Lord loves us and wants us to repent and return to him. Be faithful to the Lord!

34 Old Testament -I Will Betroth Thee Unto me in 34 Old Testament -I Will Betroth Thee Unto me in Presentation Transcript

  • “I Will Betroth Thee unto Me in Righteousness”
    Hosea 1–3; 11; 13–14
    Lesson 34: “I Will Betroth Thee unto Me in Righteousness”, Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, 166
  • Why do you think Hosea and other Prophets used comparisons?
    “The children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea” (Hosea 1:10)
    “I will pour out my wrath upon them like water” (Hosea 5:10)
    “The Lord … shall come unto us as the rain” (Hosea 6:3)
    “He shall come as an eagle” (Hosea 8:1)
    “Israel is an empty vine” (Hosea 10:1)
    “Judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field” (10:4)
    “They shall be … as the smoke out of the chimney” (Hosea 13:3)
    “I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps [cubs]” (13:8)
    “I am like a green fir tree” (Hosea 14:8)
  • Hosea describes the relationship between the Lord and
    Israel
  • Elder Henry B. Eyring explained:
    “This was a love story. This was a story of a marriage covenant bound by love, by steadfast love.
    … The Lord, with whom I am blessed to have made covenants, loves me, and you, … with a steadfastness about which I continually marvel and which I want with all my heart to emulate” (Covenants and Sacrifice [address delivered at the Church Educational System Symposium, 15 Aug. 1995], 2).
  • In what sense
    has
    Jesus Christ “bought” each
    of us?
  • Because of
    His love
    for
    His people,
    the Lord continues
    to Invite Israel to Repent
    and Return
    to
    Him
  • “Mine heart is turned toward thee and My mercies are extended to gather thee”
  • The Lord reminded the Israelites
    of how their ancestors
    were Delivered by Moses out of captivity in Egypt
  • There is no Saviorbeside the Lord
    He Ransoms from the grave and Redeems from death
  • How does the book of Hosea help you understand how the Savior feels about you?