23 Old Testament The Lord Be Between Thee and Me ForEver


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Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual
“The Lord Be Between
Thee and Me For Ever”
Lesson 23: “The Lord Be Between Thee and Me For Ever”,
Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, 107
1 Samuel 18–20; 23–24

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  • Purpose To encourage class members to be true to their friends, as Jonathan and David were, and avoid being consumed by jealousy and hatred, as Saul was.
  • David quickly became a hero after he killed Goliath. King Saul and the entire kingdom honored him. However, none was as true to David as was Jonathan, Saul’s son.
  • How did Jonathan and David feel about each other? (1 Samuel 18:1, 3.) Why would it have been easy for Jonathan to feel jealous of David?
  • As Saul’s son, Jonathan was next in line to be king. However, the prophet Samuel had anointed David to become the next king (1 Samuel 16:6–13). Why do you think Jonathan was not jealous of David or threatened by him? (1 Samuel 18:1, 3.) How did Jonathan show his support for David? (See 1 Samuel 18:4. He gave his royal robe and weapons to David.)
  • b. While David was greatly honored by the people for his success in battle, Jonathan received little attention for his own success on the battlefield (1 Samuel 14:1–16).
  • • How did King Saul feel about David after the slaying of Goliath? (See 1 Samuel 18:2, 5. Saul took David into his home and set him over his armies.) How did David show his loyalty to King Saul? (See 1 Samuel 18:5.)What prompted Saul to turn against David? (See 1 Samuel 18:6–9.) Why is it sometimes difficult to be happy about the success of others? How do jealousy and pride affect our spiritual well-being?
  • • How did David act after the Lord blessed him with success on the battlefield? (See 1 Samuel 18:5, 14–16.) What can we learn from his example? What do you think it means to “behave [ourselves] wisely” when we are successful?
  • • Saul offered to let David marry one of his daughters if David would fight the Philistines. What was Saul’s real motive in doing this? (See 1 Samuel 18:20–25. He hoped David would be killed by the Philistines.) • How was Jonathan a true friend when Saul sought to kill David? (See 1 Samuel 19:1–7.) What does it mean to be a true friend? In what ways are your friends true to you? How are you true to your friends? • Despite Jonathan’s efforts to change Saul’s feelings toward David, Saul continued to seek David’s life (1 Samuel 19:9–10). How did Michal, David’s wife, show that she was true to her husband? (See 1 Samuel 19:11–18.)
  • What was David’s reaction to Saul’s hatred and efforts to kill him? (See 1 Samuel 20:1.) How did Jonathan continue to show his friendship while Saul sought David’s life? (See 1 Samuel 20:2–4, 13–17, 23; see also 1 Samuel 20:24–42, which is discussed below.) • How did faith in God influence the friendship of Jonathan and David? (See 1 Samuel 20:23.) How does our love of God affect our love of others? • If we place loyalty to God first in our lives, what will we do if our friends do things that are wrong? (We will lovingly try to help our friends change.) What will we do if our friends ask us to do things that are wrong? (We will not do unrighteous things that our friends ask us to do, regardless of the social consequences, and we will try to influence our friends to make righteous choices.)
  • • How was Jonathan to let David know if it was safe to come back to Saul’s court? (See 1 Samuel 20:5–7, 18–22.) How did King Saul respond to David’s absence and Jonathan’s defense of his friend? (See 1 Samuel 20:24–33.) How did Jonathan warn David to flee from Saul? (See 1 Samuel 20:35–42.)
  • • David was blessed with continued success on the battlefield (1 Samuel 23:1–5). Why did David have to leave the city of Keilah after he had saved its people from the Philistines? (See 1 Samuel 23:7–13.)
  • • David was blessed with continued success on the battlefield (1 Samuel 23:1–5). Why did David have to leave the city of Keilah after he had saved its people from the Philistines? (See 1 Samuel 23:7–13.)
  • • When David was hiding from Saul, Jonathan visited David and “strengthened his hand in God” (1 Samuel 23:16). What do you think this means? How can we strengthen our friends in God?
  • During another attempt to find and kill David, Saul stopped to rest in a cave (1 Samuel 24:1–3). What did David’s men say when they found Saul? (See 1 Samuel 24:4.) What did David do? (See 1 Samuel 24:4–5. Note footnote 4a, which explains that David cut off the hem of Saul’s robe—the portion of the robe that symbolized authority.) • Why did David refuse to harm Saul? (See 1 Samuel 24:6–12.) What does David’s example teach us about revenge and about responding to those who do evil to us? (See 1 Samuel 24:12–15; see also Mormon 8:20.) What did Saul say when David spared his life? (See 1 Samuel 24:16–19.)
  • Conclusion: The story of Jonathan and David reminds us that true friendship and love bring us closer to our friends and to God. The qualities of a true friend are loyalty, integrity, unselfishness, kindness, and charity… It is important be a true friend so that we can say, “The Lord be between thee and me for ever” (1 Samuel 20:23).
  • 23 Old Testament The Lord Be Between Thee and Me ForEver

    1. 1. “The Lord Be BetweenThee and Me For Ever”<br />1 Samuel 18–20; 23–24<br />Lesson 23: Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, 107<br />
    2. 2. The importance of being a <br />true friend<br />Ex. 33: 11Lord spake unto Moses . . . as a man speakethunto his <br /> friend.<br />Isa. 41: 8I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.<br />John 15: 13that a man lay down his life for his friends. <br />James 2: 23Abraham . . . was called the Friend of God. <br />D&C 45: 52I was wounded in the house of my friends.<br />D&C 84: 63mine apostles . . . are my friends. <br />D&C 84: 77that ye become even as my friends. <br />D&C 88:133yourfriend and brother through the grace. <br />D&C 93: 45I will call you friends, for you are my friends. <br />D&C 121: 9thyfriends do stand by thee. <br />D&C 134:11all men are justified in defending . . . Their friends. <br />JS-H 1: 28persecuted by those who ought to have been my friends. <br />
    3. 3. <ul><li>Jonathan and David make a covenant of friendship.
    4. 4. Saul becomes jealous of David and tries to kill him.</li></ul>(1 Samuel 18:1–16)<br />
    5. 5. 1 SAMUELOTHERWISE CALLEDTHE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS CHAPTER 18 Jonathan loves David—Saul sets David over his armies—David is honored by the people, and Saul becomes jealous—David marries Michal, a daughter of Saul.   1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 1 Samuel 18:1–4<br />
    6. 6. Jonathan was not jealous of David – even knowing that the prophet Samuel had anointed David to become the next king.<br />(1 Samuel 16:6–13). <br />
    7. 7. 1 SAMUELOTHERWISE CALLEDTHE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS <br />CHAPTER 18 <br />Jonathan loves David—Saul sets David over his armies—David is honored by the people, and Saul becomes jealous—David marries Michal, a daughter of Saul. <br />2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father’s house.<br />David plays the harp for King Saul<br />
    8. 8. What prompted Saul to turn against David?<br />8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?<br />(See 1 Samuel 18:6–9) <br />
    9. 9. President Ezra Taft Benson said: <br />“Saul became an enemy to David through pride. He was jealous because the crowds of Israelite women were singing that <br />‘Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands’ (1 Samuel 18:7; see also 1 Samuel 18:6, 8). <br />“The proud stand more in fear of men’s judgment than of God’s judgment. … ‘What will men think of me?’ weighs heavier than ‘What will God think of me?’ … <br /> <br />“Fear of men’s judgment manifests itself in competition for men’s approval. The proud love ‘the praise of men more than the praise of God’(John 12:42–43). Our motives for the things we do are where the sin is manifest. Jesus said He did ‘always those things’ that pleased God (John 8:29). <br />
    10. 10. Would we not do well to have the pleasing of God as our motive rather than to try to elevate ourselves above our brother and outdo another?<br />“Some prideful people are not so concerned as to whether their wages meet their needs as they are that their wages are more than someone else’s. Their reward is being a cut above the rest. …  <br />“When pride has a hold on our hearts, we lose our independence of the world and deliver our freedoms to the bondage of men’s judgment. The world shouts louder than the whisperings of the Holy Ghost. The reasoning of men overrides the revelations of God, and the proud let go of the iron rod”(in Conference Report, Apr. 1989, 4–5; or Ensign, May 1989, 5). <br />
    11. 11. The Lord blessed David with success on the battlefield<br />14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the Lord was with him…<br />16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them. <br />(See 1 Samuel 18:5, 14–16.)<br />
    12. 12. 2. Saul fails in three more attempts to take David’s life.<br />Saul hopes that David will die on the battlefield (1 Samuel 18:17–25).<br />Saul fails in another attempt to kill David with a javelin (1 Samuel 19:9–10; see footnote 9a). <br />Michal saves David from another attempt by Saul (1 Samuel 19:11–18). <br />
    13. 13. 3. David and Jonathan renew their covenant of friendship, and Jonathan saves David’s life. <br /> “Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.”<br />( 1 Samuel 20)<br />
    14. 14. Jonathan shoots<br />an arrow<br />to warn David about Saul<br />(See1 Samuel 20:35–42)<br />David and Jonathan make a covenant of friendship and peace—They take leave of each other. <br />
    15. 15. 4. Saul is consumed by hatred for David.<br />David spares Saul’s life.<br /> (1 Samuel 23–24)<br />
    16. 16. And the Lord said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah. <br /> And David’s men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines? <br />   Then David enquired of the Lord yet again. And the Lord answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand. <br />(1 Samuel 23:1–5) <br />
    17. 17. When<br />David was hiding from Saul, <br />Jonathan<br />visited David<br /> and <br />“strengthened his hand in God”<br />(1 Samuel 23:16)<br />
    18. 18. 1 SAMUELOTHERWISE CALLEDTHE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS <br />CHAPTER 24 <br />David finds Saul asleep in a cave and spares his life—Saul confesses that David is more righteous than he—David swears that he will not cut off the seed of Saul. <br />10. Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the Lord had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the Lord’s anointed. <br />
    19. 19. Make a Covenant of Friendship: <br />Strengthen Your Friends in God<br />