Look at the following sentences:1. The men paint the house.2. The men painted the house.3. The men have painted the house.(Present Tense)(Past Tense)(Present Perfect Tense)
Present Perfect TenseMade up of“ have /has” + past participle form of verbPresenteatwritePastatewrotePresent participleeatingwritingPast Participleeatenwritten“has/have” + eaten“has/have” + ate /eat/eating
When do we use the Present Perfect Tense?“Ali has gone to school. ”- used to describe an action that has been completed.Isn’t the Past Tense also used to describecompleted action?“Ali went to school.”
He went for tuition yesterday.He has gone for tuition yesterday.In using the Present Perfect tense:-we cannot include the time of action.“ He has eaten the bread.”
Pay attention:She has worked in that office for six years.auxiliarypast participle
Here are some more examples!I have already eaten breakfast.She has seen that movie before.We have dealt with customers formany years.In these examples thepast participle has anirregular form.She has used a cash register before.He has worked for that company sinceMay.We have already served their food.In these examplesthe past participlehas a regular formand looks just thethe simple pasttense, but it’s not.
We often use CONTRACTIONS with this tense.I have I’ve I haven´tYou have You’ve you haven´tWe have We’ve We haven´tThey have They’ve They haven´tHe has He’s He hasn´tShe has She’s She hasn´tIt has It’s It hasn´tI have lived in Florida for two years.I’ve lived in Florida for two years
Reason #1We use the PRESENT PERFECT TENSEto talk about a completed past actionat an unspecified time in the past.I’ve already eaten breakfast.She’s seen that movie before. When did it happen?Reason #2With the words “for” and “since” to talk about somethingthat began in the past and continues to now.For example: I’ve studied at this school since last June.She’s lived in West Palm Beach for 2 months.
1. SINCE + POINT IN TIMEUse the present perfect with “since” + point in time (since 5:00, sinceMonday, since 1994) to show when something started.I’ve worked at this job since last year.He’s lived in Florida since March.They’ve been married since 1985.FOR + LENGTH OF TIMEUse the Present perfect with “for” + length of time (for tenminutes, for two weeks, for years, for a long time) to show howlong a present condition has lasted.I’ve worked at this job for one year.He’s lived in Florida for 9 months.They’ve been married for a long time.
ALREADY (ya) YET (aún, todavía no)USED WITH THE PRESENT PERFECTAlready means that something happenedearlier than we expected. With PresentPerfect already usually goes after haveor has and before the main verb.Examples- Weve already had our breakfast.- When are you going to do yourhomework?- But Ive already done it!- Do you want a cup of coffee?- No, thanks. Ive already had one."Yet means that something that weexpected has happened or hasnthappened. We usually put it at theend of a sentence.Examples- Has the post arrived yet?- Have you done your homework?- Not yet.- Havent you got ready yet? Lookat the time!Already or yet?
Grammar Exercise 1:Complete the sentences in the Present Perfect or PastSimple.1. John _______ an accident. A car ____ him.(have, hit)2. Nancy all over the world. Last year she ______ toCuba. (travel, go)
3. Paul _____ with his wife. He ______ her twoweeks ago. (break up, leave)4. The White Sox _____ the World Series. They_____ the Cubs 2-0 in the final game. (win, beat)5. Sarah _____ her house. She _______ a very goodprice for it. (sell, get)
Recap:1.The present perfect tense is made up of ________a. has/have + present participleb. had + past participlec. has/have + past participle form of verb2. In using the Present Perfect Tense, we should notinclude ____________a. the completed actionb. the time in which the action was completedc. the action√√
WORKBOOK PAGE 15 AND 16CD-ROM “For” and “Since” andsend result to teacher.