1. ONTARIO COMAPARED WITH ENGLAND Group Members: Sean Bontoft Maggie Samaroo Rasheda Sultani Jessica Tang Simeng Yang Gail Letcher
2. ONTARIO Ontario’s Early England’s Childhood Traditional Early Education Childhood Philosophy: Education High Quality Philosophy: Play Child Centered High Scope Individualism Developmentally Free play Appropriate Practice
3. ONTARIO Reggio Emilia Developmentalism: Approach Perspective of Montessori Adult Educator Current Philosophy: Current Philosophy: Emergent Reform Act Curriculum
4. In 18 Century…Early Childhood Care and Educationfor young children began to emergein England.
5. • England • Ontario1816, the first nursery In 1857, A group of school was established wealthy women in Scotland for the started the first children of cotton mill English crèche: workers. Public Nursery in Toronto.Until 1880, the elementary 1883, Toronto set up the first Canadian education became public school compulsory for all the kindergarten children between the program. ages from 5 to 13.
6. • England • OntarioIn 1905, 5 inspectors Depression Era, the institute suggested that different of Child Study was facilities and teaching founded, St. George approaches should be Nursery School was applied for the children opened. under 5 years old. Since then, children under 5 were excluded from At the end of the World War elementary schools. II, there were 28 preschool centers and 42 school aged centers in Ontario.In 1911, The first time to use the term of “Nursery School” was the In 1950, there was obvious establishment of an open- growth in cooperative air nursery school by nursery school. McMillian Sisters.
7. • England • OntarioBy the 1960s, a new type At the same time, there was preschool provision appeared: Playgroups. increasing in the number With the growth of of childcare centers. awareness that playing is important.In 1972, the suggestion that Universal Childcare Services nursery school should be expanded did not was advocated by adopted due to the childcare. economic recession.The no statutory preschool Better Childcare was provision was neglected established by Ontario and undeveloped . coalition.
8. • England • OntarioThe importance of quality childcare was stressed.In 1996, early childhood In 2005, 51 Best Start education had become an issue on the national Networks are policy agenda since the established to plan conservative government introduced the first stage and implement early of a nursery voucher childhood programs scheme.1997, the labor government at the local level. abolished the scheme and made new plans for the development of early years services.
9. Ontario Staff England Staff1 High Scope ECE High Scope Staff2 Theme-Based ECE Theme-Based Staff/employee3 Emergent ECE Emergent Staff4 Montessori ECE Montessori Teacher5 Nursery Schools ECE Nursery Schools Staff
10. Ontario Staff England Staff6 Day Nurseries/ ECE Day Nurseries/ ECENursery School/ Nursery School/Play School/ Play School/Play Group Play Group7 Child-minders ECE Child-minders8 Crèches ECE Crèches ECE9 Nannies/Child-minders Nannies/Child-minders10 Babysitters Babysitters
11. Ontario England National curriculum - National curriculum- Theme- based – moving towards Theme- based /Emergent Emergent curriculum curriculums. Child-minder seen as daycare - Child-minder – professional Trained as ECE Register with NCMA (National Child-minders Association) Child-minders - No Child-minders – Annual Registration fee Registration fee – 103 pounds Breaking law if working and not registered
12. Ontario England Early Childhood Educator – Professional –Register with College for Early Childhood Educators (CECE) – Annual Fee $150.00 CDN. Babysitters - care for Babysitters – care for Children all day children up to 2 hours No registration No registrationNo best curriculumUse which ever works for the child/family/facility
13. INFANT AND TODDLER Become a partner for children and parents To make sure the child is safe and meets all the learning standards To help the child learn new materials Make sure the child is safe within a learning environment Provide a active learning environment Make learning fun to keep the children’s attention
14. PRESCHOOL Create new challenges for children Make sure that they have a solid foundation Make sure children have a understanding Make learning fun and interesting to keep child’s interest at best Prepare the child or children for transition to School age Develop a parent – teacher – child relationship
15. SCHOOL AGE Montessori school is to observe in order to connect the child with the suitable materials based on children’s interests and learning needs Prepare children for young child role Have a understanding of their learning level Create a parent – child – teacher interactive relationship Keep child informed and up to date
16. Definition of Accessibility is: easily approachable and available. AVAILABLITY Definition of Availability is: readily obtainable.
17. Ontario England Resident of Ontario Resident of England
18. WHAT? England The Ontario Child Child maintenance Care Supplement and benefits Eligibility Flexible working The Ontario Child Getting help from Benefit your employer Financial assistance Ontario Early Years Centres
19. Ontario England Ontario Child Care Child maintenance and supplement - since 1998 benefits - Since October Ontario Child Care 2008 Benefit since 2007 Since April 2010 - paid directly to the caregiver
20. Ontario England Receive the federal All three and four year Canada Child Tax olds are entitled to 15 hours of free nursery Benefit education for 38 weeks of Have appropriate the year. income level Flexible working pattern if child under 6 or disabled Not receiving fully child under 18 subsidized daycare Flexible have worked for you employer for at least 26 weeks
21. Ontario England Ontario Child Care So that you’ll be able to Supplement for Working take care of your Families – is to help with children the cost of raising children under the age of 7 Child maintenance and benefits Parenting and Family Literacy Centres to provide support and resources for families with children up to the age of 6
22. Conclusion...There are about There are about 3,600 Sure4,600 licensed Start childcare centres inchildcare centres Englandand about 140licensed privatehome careagencies inOntario