Bodies and buildings nyu itp 4 8 2013
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Bodies and buildings nyu itp 4 8 2013






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Bodies and buildings nyu itp 4 8 2013 Bodies and buildings nyu itp 4 8 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • BUILDINGS: Part 2: Buildings7. Clean Tech Failures, Clean Tech Long Term View, March 25, 20138. LEED and the Passive House Movement, April 1, 20139. Passive House + CoGen, April 8, 201310. Generative Architecture, Responsive Design, April 15, 2013Part 3: Concept Development and Final Presentations11. Concept strengthening – design thinking exercises, business casebuilding, April 22, 201312. Final Presentations with guest critics, April 29, 2013 8, 2013April 2  
  • PLACES TO INTERVENE IN A SYSTEM: 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards)11. The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows10. The structure of material stocks and flows (transport networks, population age structures)9. Length of delays, relative to the rate of system change8. The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against7. The gain around driving positive feedback loops6. The structure of information flows (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information)5. The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishments, constraints)4. The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure3. The goals of the system2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system – its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arises1. The power to transcend paradigmsApril 8, 2013 3  
  • 2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system –its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arisesThe shared idea in the minds of society, thegreat big unstated assumptions—unstatedbecause unnecessary to state; everyone alreadyknows them—constitute that society’s paradigm,or deepest set of beliefs about how the worldworks.-D. Meadows. April 8, 2013 4  
  • What paradigmatic assumptions do we follow?There is a difference between nouns and verbs.Money measures something real and has meaning.(people who are paid less are literally worth less).Growth is good.Nature is a stock of resources to be converted forhuman purposes. One can own the land. 8, 2013April 5  
  • Paradigms are the sources of systemsFrom them, form shared social agreements about thenature of reality, come system goals and informationflows, feedbacks, stocks, flows, and everything elseabout systems. April 8, 2013 6  
  • The material apparatus around youRalph Waldo Emerson “War” Boston, 1838. Reprinted in Emerson’s Complete Works, vol. XI. 1887. April 8, 2013 7  
  • Why do we build skyscrapersThe ancient Egyptians built pyramids because they believedin an afterlife. We build skyscrapers because we believe thatspace in downtown cities is enormously valuable.April 8, 2013
  • Who has changed paradigms?Whether it was Copernicus and Kepler showing that the earthis not the center of the universeOr Einstein hypothesizing that matter and energy areinterchangableOr Adam Smith postulating that the selfish actions ofindividual players in markets wonderfully accumulate to thecommon goodPeople who have managed to intervene in systems at the levelof paradigm have hit a leverage point that totally transformssystems. April 8, 2013 9  
  • So how do you change paradigms?D. Meadows paraphrasing Thomas Kuhn: You keep pointing at the anomalies and failures in the oldparadigm, you keep speaking louder and with assurance fromthe new one, you insert people with the new paradigm inplaces of public visibility and power. You don’t waste time with reactionaries; rather you work withactive change agents and with the vast middle groun of peoplewho are open minded. 10  April 8, 2013
  • GLOBAL SUPPLY 12  April 8, 2013
  • ASSIGNMENT:APRIL 15 13  April 8, 2013
  • Buildings through the lens of science 14  April 8, 2013
  • ParallelsBodies: Buildings: 15  April 8, 2013
  • “New starts” is a sign of economicprogress 16  April 8, 2013
  • Failure of measures 17  April 8, 2013
  • More work needed for feedback loops 18  April 8, 2013
  • More work needed for feedback loops 19  April 8, 2013
  • More work needed for feedback loops 20  April 8, 2013
  • ASSIGNMENT Concept source and exploration? What part of the system of how we care for bodies, or how wemake and maintain our buildings, interests you the most? What are the anomalies and failures that irk you?What possibilities do you see? 21  April 8, 2013
  • READINGPick any one of the “Facsicles” from ArtFarm on architecturetheory: 22  April 8, 2013
  • LINKS AND PRESENTATION Today’s class presentation is available 23  April 8, 2013