Course  : Research Writing and Publish I Presenter: Chi-Ying Betty Hu  Date  : 2008/10/20 Academic Culture in Distance bet...
<ul><li>Lin, C. (2008). Academic  Culture in Distance between Penn State Taiwanese  Graduate Students and American Teacher...
Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Research questions </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Results ...
Introduction A situation of cultural obstacles between  ESL/EFL students and their native teachers in the academic setting...
The differences could result in different educational developments and outcomes The USA classroom Native English-speaking ...
Research questions The expectation/belief of learning and teaching The perceived difference between their expectation   Th...
Methodology Participants 2 2 2 2 Working experience more than one year at Penn State Working experience less than one year...
Methodology <ul><li>Face-to-Face interview </li></ul><ul><li>Open-ended  </li></ul><ul><li>questions  </li></ul><ul><li>On...
Methodology 1.  Organizing the data   Data Analysis Method-   2.  Generating categories, themes and patterns 3.  Coding th...
Methodology 4. Testing emergent understandings Data Analysis Method-   5. Searching for alternative explanations 6.  Writi...
A. Academic Cultural Distance between Taiwan and USA Results and Discussions Authority in  Knowledge Learner Autonomy The ...
A. Academic Cultural Distance between Taiwan and USA B. The Problems Taiwanese Students Encountered at Penn State English ...
Results and Discussions A. Academic Cultural Distance betweenTaiwan/USA teacher-centered uncritical critical student-cente...
Results and Discussions <ul><li>B.   The Problems Taiwanese Students Encountered at Penn State </li></ul><ul><li>Think the...
Reflection <ul><li>There should be two group participants involved in the study according to the topic. </li></ul>Academic...
Reflection <ul><li>The third question is seldom discussed in this paper . </li></ul>A. Academic Cultural Distance between ...
<ul><li>Thanks for your listening </li></ul>
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Penn State7

  1. 1. Course : Research Writing and Publish I Presenter: Chi-Ying Betty Hu Date : 2008/10/20 Academic Culture in Distance between Penn State Taiwanese Graduate Students and American Teachers: Case Study
  2. 2. <ul><li>Lin, C. (2008). Academic Culture in Distance between Penn State Taiwanese Graduate Students and American Teachers: Case Study. Chaoyang Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 6 (1), 177-220. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Research questions </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Results and Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction A situation of cultural obstacles between ESL/EFL students and their native teachers in the academic setting The differences could result in different educational developments and outcomes
  5. 5. The differences could result in different educational developments and outcomes The USA classroom Native English-speaking Teachers ESL/EFL academic learners
  6. 6. Research questions The expectation/belief of learning and teaching The perceived difference between their expectation The adjustment for the differences Q3 . How Q2. What Q1. What Eight Penn State Taiwanese graduate students
  7. 7. Methodology Participants 2 2 2 2 Working experience more than one year at Penn State Working experience less than one year at Penn State Woman Man
  8. 8. Methodology <ul><li>Face-to-Face interview </li></ul><ul><li>Open-ended </li></ul><ul><li>questions </li></ul><ul><li>One-half to two </li></ul><ul><li>hours </li></ul><ul><li>Tape-recorded </li></ul><ul><li>interview </li></ul><ul><li>Use phone or email </li></ul><ul><li>Interview the same </li></ul><ul><li>participants </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify some doubts </li></ul><ul><li>from the former </li></ul><ul><li>interview data </li></ul>An in-depth interview Second check Interview
  9. 9. Methodology 1. Organizing the data Data Analysis Method- 2. Generating categories, themes and patterns 3. Coding the data
  10. 10. Methodology 4. Testing emergent understandings Data Analysis Method- 5. Searching for alternative explanations 6. Writing the report
  11. 11. A. Academic Cultural Distance between Taiwan and USA Results and Discussions Authority in Knowledge Learner Autonomy The power issue The face issue Group Harmony
  12. 12. A. Academic Cultural Distance between Taiwan and USA B. The Problems Taiwanese Students Encountered at Penn State English Proficiency Results and Discussions
  13. 13. Results and Discussions A. Academic Cultural Distance betweenTaiwan/USA teacher-centered uncritical critical student-centered Authoritative & serious Easygoing & encouraging active involvement pasive participant rarely asking questions frequently asking questions Interaction Participation Atmosphere Thinking Role USA Taiwan
  14. 14. Results and Discussions <ul><li>B. The Problems Taiwanese Students Encountered at Penn State </li></ul><ul><li>Think there were too many papers or readings </li></ul><ul><li>Have problems writing papers </li></ul><ul><li>Find it hard to blend in American culture &make friend with Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Feel anxious or less self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Feel uncomfortable in sharing opinions, asking questions, or challenging teachers </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reflection <ul><li>There should be two group participants involved in the study according to the topic. </li></ul>Academic Culture in Distance between Penn State Taiwanese Graduate Students and American Teachers : Case Study
  16. 16. Reflection <ul><li>The third question is seldom discussed in this paper . </li></ul>A. Academic Cultural Distance between Taiwan and USA B. The Problems Taiwanese Students Encountered at Penn State The adjustment for the differences Q3. How Q2. what Q1. What Eight Penn State Taiwanese graduate students
  17. 17. <ul><li>Thanks for your listening </li></ul>

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