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  • 1. Chia Ying Betty Hu Dr. Pi-Ying Teresa Hsu Date: October 8st, 2009 Influence of grade level on perceptual learning style preferences and language learning strategies of Taiwanese English as a foreign language learners
  • 2.
    • Chen, M. L. (2009). Influence of grade level on prefecture learning style and language learning strategies of Taiwanese English as a foreign language learners. Language and Individual Difference.19, 304-308.
  • 3. Contents Reflection Results Methodology Introduction
  • 4. Introduction
    • “ language teachers should provide a wealth of information to students in order to raise their awareness about learning styles and strategies ,….and finally, to work with students' learning strengths”
    • (Reid, 1996, p. 3)
  • 5. Introduction
    • “ it's important to recognize that culture is critical when defining an individual because cultural values influence the socialization practices of all ethnic groups, which, in turn, affect how people prefer to learn ”
    • (Dunn & Griggs, 1995, p. 38)
  • 6. Introduction
    • It may be risky to generalize the findings from Western societies to the learning
    • situation in Taiwan
    • (Huang, 1997)
  • 7. Research Questions
    • Q1: Are there relationships between grade level and perceptual learning style preferences among Taiwanese EFL students in grades 7 through 9?
    Statistically significant relationships were found to exist between grade level and kinesthetic learning style preference(p=.001), tactile learning style preference (p=.047), and individual learning style preference (p=.02).
  • 8. Research Questions
    • Q2: Are there relationships between grade level and language learning strategies among Taiwanese EFL students in grades 7 through 9?
    Statistically significant relationships were found to exist between grade level and the use of memory strategies (p=.005), cognitive strategies (p=.02), metacognitive strategies (p=.000), affective strategies (p=.000) and social strategies (p=.000).
  • 9. Research Questions
    • Q3: Are there relationships between perceptual learning style preferences and language learning strategies among Taiwanese EFL students in grades 7 through 9?
    Statistically significant relationships between visual learning style preference and the use of memory (p=.000), cognitive (p=.004 ),metacognitive (p=.000), affective (p=.008), and social strategies (p=.002) were found.
  • 10. Methodology
  • 11. Perceptual Learning Style Preference Questionnaire (PLSPQ) Methodology
    • visual
    • auditory
    • kinesthetic
    • tactile, individual
    • learning
    • group learning.
    The Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) Treatment
    • Compensation
    • Social
    • Metacognitive
    • Affective
    • Memory
    • Cognitive
    Students’ learning strategy Students’ learning preference
  • 12. Participants 9 th grade Age: 12-13 Number: 141 Percentage: 36.2% 8 th grade 7 th grade Age: 13-14 Number: 130 Percentage: 33.3% Total: 390 Age: 14-15 Number: 119 Percentage: 30.5%
  • 13. Participants
  • 14. Procedure
  • 15. Results Statistically significant relationships were found to exist between grade level and kinesthetic learning style preference, tactile learning style preference, and individual learning style preference
  • 16. Results Statistically significant relationships were found to exist between grade level and the use of memory strategies , cognitive strategies, metacognitive strategies ,affective strategies and social strategies .
  • 17. Results Statistically significant relationships between visual learning style preference and the use of memory (p=.000), cognitive (p=.004 ),metacognitive (p=.000), affective (p=.008), and social strategies (p=.002) were found.
  • 18. Reflection
  • 19. Reflection
  • 20. www.themegallery.com Thank You !