EnerFuel EV Range Extender
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EnerFuel EV Range Extender

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Provides a general overview of EnerFuel\'s fuel cell electric vehicle range extender

Provides a general overview of EnerFuel\'s fuel cell electric vehicle range extender

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  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.

EnerFuel EV Range Extender EnerFuel EV Range Extender Presentation Transcript

  • Fuel Cells as EV Range Extenders:A Near-Term Fuel Cell Solution
    1501 Northpoint Parkway, Suite 101
    West Palm Beach, FL 33407
    (561) 868-6720
  • Ener1 Family
    Ener 1 is the Group Head
    Nasdaq: HEV
    Worldwide HQ:
    New York, New York USA
    European HQ:
    Paris, France
    EnerDel is developing Lithium Ion batteries to improve the cost and performance of electric vehicles.
    NanoEner is developing new, cutting-edge methods of material deposition and thin films using Nanotechnology.
    EnerFuel is developing technologies and products that advance the performance of fuel cells and enable increased applicability to near term markets.
    Enertech is the 3rd largest Li-Ion battery producer in Korea. EnerTech ensures the cost of prodution for Li-Ion batteries are competitive.
    EnerDel is the only company in the USA with the capability in place to produce large lithium ion batteries on a mass scale.
    EnerDel Japan is working on material & cell chemistry & manufacturing processing for lithium batteries.
    Chungju,
    South Korea
    Indianapolis,
    Indiana USA
    West Palm Beach, Florida USA
    Fort Lauderdale, Florida USA
    Japan
  • Unique Mix of Technologies Enables Fuel Cell Range Extender
    • Reduces required fuel cell nominal power
    • Reduces required battery size
    • Eliminates fuel cell transient operation
    • Reduces fuel cell required start-up time
    HT-PEM Fuel Cell
    High efficiency power
    High energy density
    Eliminates reformate clean-up, Reduces reformer cost
    EV Range
    Extender
    Fuel Reformer
    Eliminates need for hydrogen infrastructure
    Battery
    Immediate power
    Electrical energy
    storage
    Eliminates reformer transient operation
    Reduces required reformer size
  • Electric Vehicle Vision
    Fuels other than Hydrogen can be used
    EV Range Extender
    Gasoline
    Diesel
    E-85
    E-100
    Methanol
    Biodiesel
    Biobutanol
    DME
    (others)
    Grid
    Opportunity Charging Stations
    Opportunity:
    EV Range Extender produces no toxic emissions.
    Battery can be charged by fuel cell while vehicle is parked.
  • Types of EV Range Extenders
    • 1-3kW fuel cell
    • Partial range extension
    • Cabin heating and cooling
    • Battery protection
    • >10kW fuel cell
    • Unlimited range extension
    • Cabin heating and cooling
    • Battery protection
    • 3-10kW fuel cell
    • Range extension
    • Cabin heating and cooling
    • Battery protection
    Charge Assisting
    Charge Sustaining
    Climate Control / Idle
    Climate Control / Idle
    Charge Sustaining
    Charge Assisting
    3kW
    10kW
    1kW
  • 2008 EnerFuel Developed Range Extended EV
    95mph max speed
    8sec, 0 - 60mph (97kph)
  • H2
    Anode
    Cathode
    Air
    Blower / Compressor
    Cooling Fan
    HT-PEM Fuel Cell Module Reduces BOP
    HT-PEM
    LT-PEM
    Reactant humidification and cooling system.
    Radiator much larger than for Piston Engine
    Gen 2.0 fuel cell module undergoing testing
    EnerFuel’s HT-PEM Fuel Cell Module Doesn’t Need:
    • Reactant humidification
    • Coolant loop / Coolant pumps
    • Radiator
  • Overall System Cost
    % BOP
    % Stack
    System Power
    BOP and Stack Cost in the System
    BOP costs are a higher proportion of system weight, size and cost as fuel cell power is decreased.
  • Reduction of BOP Impacts Costs of Lower Power Fuel Cells
    80KW System
    5 KW System
    Percentage of Automotive System Cost
    Percentage of Automotive System Cost
    500,000 unit annual production of 80kW system
    Source: “Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation” NREL/SR-560-39104
    500,000 unit annual production of 5kW system
    Source:Estimation based on 80KW system
    = BOP components eliminated in HT-PEM fuel cell
    (24% of total cost)
  • 9.9
    9.0
    7.7
    5.9
    4.4
    2.4
    1.9
    0.9
    Energy Density of Potential Fuels
    12.0
    10.0
    8.0
    /L
    th
    6.0
    kWh
    4.0
    2.0
    0.0
    Methanol
    Ethanol
    Butanol
    Conventional
    U.S.
    Hydrogen
    Hydrogen
    Liquid
    gasoline
    conventional
    5kpsig
    10kpsig
    Hydrogen
    diesel
  • HT-PEM Allows Reformer Integration
    Typical Hydrogen Fuel Cell System
    The Problem
    Requires Hydrogen Infrastructure
    LT-PEM
    Fuel Cell
    Energy
    H2
    Hydrogen
    Previous Reformer-based Fuel Cell System
    The Problem
    CO Removal is:
    • Too Expensive
    • Too Heavy
    • Too Complicated
    • Too Large
    Long Start-up Time
    (5-15 min)
    Traditional Fuel
    H2
    LT-PEM
    Fuel Cell
    Reformer
    (Separates Hydrogen)
    CO Removal
    Energy
    H2+CO
    EnerFuel System
    The Solution
    Uses Existing Fuel Infrastructure,
    CO Removal is not necessary
    EnerFuel HT-PEM
    Fuel Cell
    Traditional Fuel
    Reformer
    (Separates Hydrogen)
    Energy
    H2+CO
  • EnerFuel Can Tolerate CO in Reformed Hydrogen
    • HT-PEM has much lower susceptibility to CO poisoning than LT-PEM
    • Allows for simplified and low cost integration with reformers
    EnerFuel
    HT-PEM
    Operating Temp
    LT-PEM
    Op. Temp
    Source: Q. Lietal /Progress in Polymer Science 34 (2009) 449–477
  • Electric Vehicle Usage Model
    TRIP
    Here
    There
    Daily Commute
    Consists of a series of trips
  • Inputs to Monte Carlo* Analysis
    *Monte Carlo Analysis runs a large number of scenarios to determine the likelihood of potential outcomes.
    14
  • TRIP
    EV
    Here
    There
    EV
    Vehicle Energy Needs
    4.4kWh average trip energy
    10kWh battery can power 97% of trips
    Daily Commute
    Consists of a series of trips
    23kWh average commute energy
  • On average, a 5kW fuel cell stack would add 20kWh of range to the daily commute
    A 5kW fuel cell stack could reduce battery pack size by 9kWh with minimal risk of adversely affecting vehicle driving range
    Fuel Cell Adds Range and Could Reduce Battery Pack Size
  • Fuel Cell Reduces Probability of Needing to Charge During Day
    20kWh Battery Only
    15kWh Battery Only
  • Vehicle Efficiency
    Efficiency Definitions:
    = 72mpg
    3.3 L/100km
    = 91mpg
    2.6 L/100km
  • Fuel Cell Lowers EV Driving Range Cost
    300
    $25,000
    $23,764
    250
    $20,000
    219
    $16,639
    200
    $15,000
    $15,000
    171
    Avg. Vehicle Range (mi)
    Powerplant Price ($)
    150
    $10,000
    100
    100
    $5,000
    50
    0
    $0
    20kWh Battery
    20kWh Battery + 5kW FC
    10kWh Battery + 5kW FC
    Avg. Vehicle Range (mi)
    Powerplant Price
    Assuming 200Wh/mi average drive energy consumption, reformer based 5kW FC system at $1750/kW, battery cost is $750/kWh.
  • Material
    Handling
    Stationary,
    Backup Power,
    microCHP
    Telecommunications
    E-Bikes
    <10kW System Enables Related Applications
    <10kW
    Fuel Cell
    Related Applications Drive Economies of Scale
  • Conclusions
    The use of Charge Assisting (3-10kW) fuel cell system
    Provides significant increase on daily vehicle driving range
    Reduces the capital cost associated with EV driving range
    Improves customer satisfaction (reduction of range anxiety)
    Fuel Cell Range Extender Provides Benefits Other Than Range
    Capacity to “run while parked”
    Climate control
    Battery life extension
    Systems developed in the same power level have other near-term applications
    Idle eliminators
    Backup power
    Micro-CHP
    Material Handling
  • Thank you
    Questions and Answers
    For more information please contact:
    Daniel A. Betts, PhD
    dbetts@enerfuel.com
    1501 Northpoint Parkway, Suite 101
    West Palm Beach, FL 33407
    +1 (352) 258-1405