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EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
EnerFuel EV Range Extender
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EnerFuel EV Range Extender

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Provides a general overview of EnerFuel\'s fuel cell electric vehicle range extender

Provides a general overview of EnerFuel\'s fuel cell electric vehicle range extender

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  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Fuel Cells as EV Range Extenders:A Near-Term Fuel Cell Solution
      1501 Northpoint Parkway, Suite 101
      West Palm Beach, FL 33407
      (561) 868-6720
    • 2. Ener1 Family
      Ener 1 is the Group Head
      Nasdaq: HEV
      Worldwide HQ:
      New York, New York USA
      European HQ:
      Paris, France
      EnerDel is developing Lithium Ion batteries to improve the cost and performance of electric vehicles.
      NanoEner is developing new, cutting-edge methods of material deposition and thin films using Nanotechnology.
      EnerFuel is developing technologies and products that advance the performance of fuel cells and enable increased applicability to near term markets.
      Enertech is the 3rd largest Li-Ion battery producer in Korea. EnerTech ensures the cost of prodution for Li-Ion batteries are competitive.
      EnerDel is the only company in the USA with the capability in place to produce large lithium ion batteries on a mass scale.
      EnerDel Japan is working on material & cell chemistry & manufacturing processing for lithium batteries.
      Chungju,
      South Korea
      Indianapolis,
      Indiana USA
      West Palm Beach, Florida USA
      Fort Lauderdale, Florida USA
      Japan
    • 3. Unique Mix of Technologies Enables Fuel Cell Range Extender
      • Reduces required fuel cell nominal power
      • 4. Reduces required battery size
      • 5. Eliminates fuel cell transient operation
      • 6. Reduces fuel cell required start-up time
      HT-PEM Fuel Cell
      High efficiency power
      High energy density
      Eliminates reformate clean-up, Reduces reformer cost
      EV Range
      Extender
      Fuel Reformer
      Eliminates need for hydrogen infrastructure
      Battery
      Immediate power
      Electrical energy
      storage
      Eliminates reformer transient operation
      Reduces required reformer size
    • 7. Electric Vehicle Vision
      Fuels other than Hydrogen can be used
      EV Range Extender
      Gasoline
      Diesel
      E-85
      E-100
      Methanol
      Biodiesel
      Biobutanol
      DME
      (others)
      Grid
      Opportunity Charging Stations
      Opportunity:
      EV Range Extender produces no toxic emissions.
      Battery can be charged by fuel cell while vehicle is parked.
    • 8. Types of EV Range Extenders
      • 1-3kW fuel cell
      • 9. Partial range extension
      • 10. Cabin heating and cooling
      • 11. Battery protection
      • 12. >10kW fuel cell
      • 13. Unlimited range extension
      • 14. Cabin heating and cooling
      • 15. Battery protection
      • 16. 3-10kW fuel cell
      • 17. Range extension
      • 18. Cabin heating and cooling
      • 19. Battery protection
      Charge Assisting
      Charge Sustaining
      Climate Control / Idle
      Climate Control / Idle
      Charge Sustaining
      Charge Assisting
      3kW
      10kW
      1kW
    • 20. 2008 EnerFuel Developed Range Extended EV
      95mph max speed
      8sec, 0 - 60mph (97kph)
    • 21. H2
      Anode
      Cathode
      Air
      Blower / Compressor
      Cooling Fan
      HT-PEM Fuel Cell Module Reduces BOP
      HT-PEM
      LT-PEM
      Reactant humidification and cooling system.
      Radiator much larger than for Piston Engine
      Gen 2.0 fuel cell module undergoing testing
      EnerFuel’s HT-PEM Fuel Cell Module Doesn’t Need:
      • Reactant humidification
      • 22. Coolant loop / Coolant pumps
      • 23. Radiator
    • Overall System Cost
      % BOP
      % Stack
      System Power
      BOP and Stack Cost in the System
      BOP costs are a higher proportion of system weight, size and cost as fuel cell power is decreased.
    • 24. Reduction of BOP Impacts Costs of Lower Power Fuel Cells
      80KW System
      5 KW System
      Percentage of Automotive System Cost
      Percentage of Automotive System Cost
      500,000 unit annual production of 80kW system
      Source: “Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation” NREL/SR-560-39104
      500,000 unit annual production of 5kW system
      Source:Estimation based on 80KW system
      = BOP components eliminated in HT-PEM fuel cell
      (24% of total cost)
    • 25. 9.9
      9.0
      7.7
      5.9
      4.4
      2.4
      1.9
      0.9
      Energy Density of Potential Fuels
      12.0
      10.0
      8.0
      /L
      th
      6.0
      kWh
      4.0
      2.0
      0.0
      Methanol
      Ethanol
      Butanol
      Conventional
      U.S.
      Hydrogen
      Hydrogen
      Liquid
      gasoline
      conventional
      5kpsig
      10kpsig
      Hydrogen
      diesel
    • 26. HT-PEM Allows Reformer Integration
      Typical Hydrogen Fuel Cell System
      The Problem
      Requires Hydrogen Infrastructure
      LT-PEM
      Fuel Cell
      Energy
      H2
      Hydrogen
      Previous Reformer-based Fuel Cell System
      The Problem
      CO Removal is:
      Long Start-up Time
      (5-15 min)
      Traditional Fuel
      H2
      LT-PEM
      Fuel Cell
      Reformer
      (Separates Hydrogen)
      CO Removal
      Energy
      H2+CO
      EnerFuel System
      The Solution
      Uses Existing Fuel Infrastructure,
      CO Removal is not necessary
      EnerFuel HT-PEM
      Fuel Cell
      Traditional Fuel
      Reformer
      (Separates Hydrogen)
      Energy
      H2+CO
    • 30. EnerFuel Can Tolerate CO in Reformed Hydrogen
      • HT-PEM has much lower susceptibility to CO poisoning than LT-PEM
      • 31. Allows for simplified and low cost integration with reformers
      EnerFuel
      HT-PEM
      Operating Temp
      LT-PEM
      Op. Temp
      Source: Q. Lietal /Progress in Polymer Science 34 (2009) 449–477
    • 32. Electric Vehicle Usage Model
      TRIP
      Here
      There
      Daily Commute
      Consists of a series of trips
    • 33. Inputs to Monte Carlo* Analysis
      *Monte Carlo Analysis runs a large number of scenarios to determine the likelihood of potential outcomes.
      14
    • 34. TRIP
      EV
      Here
      There
      EV
      Vehicle Energy Needs
      4.4kWh average trip energy
      10kWh battery can power 97% of trips
      Daily Commute
      Consists of a series of trips
      23kWh average commute energy
    • 35. On average, a 5kW fuel cell stack would add 20kWh of range to the daily commute
      A 5kW fuel cell stack could reduce battery pack size by 9kWh with minimal risk of adversely affecting vehicle driving range
      Fuel Cell Adds Range and Could Reduce Battery Pack Size
    • 36. Fuel Cell Reduces Probability of Needing to Charge During Day
      20kWh Battery Only
      15kWh Battery Only
    • 37. Vehicle Efficiency
      Efficiency Definitions:
      = 72mpg
      3.3 L/100km
      = 91mpg
      2.6 L/100km
    • 38. Fuel Cell Lowers EV Driving Range Cost
      300
      $25,000
      $23,764
      250
      $20,000
      219
      $16,639
      200
      $15,000
      $15,000
      171
      Avg. Vehicle Range (mi)
      Powerplant Price ($)
      150
      $10,000
      100
      100
      $5,000
      50
      0
      $0
      20kWh Battery
      20kWh Battery + 5kW FC
      10kWh Battery + 5kW FC
      Avg. Vehicle Range (mi)
      Powerplant Price
      Assuming 200Wh/mi average drive energy consumption, reformer based 5kW FC system at $1750/kW, battery cost is $750/kWh.
    • 39. Material
      Handling
      Stationary,
      Backup Power,
      microCHP
      Telecommunications
      E-Bikes
      <10kW System Enables Related Applications
      <10kW
      Fuel Cell
      Related Applications Drive Economies of Scale
    • 40. Conclusions
      The use of Charge Assisting (3-10kW) fuel cell system
      Provides significant increase on daily vehicle driving range
      Reduces the capital cost associated with EV driving range
      Improves customer satisfaction (reduction of range anxiety)
      Fuel Cell Range Extender Provides Benefits Other Than Range
      Capacity to “run while parked”
      Climate control
      Battery life extension
      Systems developed in the same power level have other near-term applications
      Idle eliminators
      Backup power
      Micro-CHP
      Material Handling
    • 41. Thank you
      Questions and Answers
      For more information please contact:
      Daniel A. Betts, PhD
      dbetts@enerfuel.com
      1501 Northpoint Parkway, Suite 101
      West Palm Beach, FL 33407
      +1 (352) 258-1405

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