EnerFuel EV Range Extender


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Provides a general overview of EnerFuel\'s fuel cell electric vehicle range extender

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  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • We have effectively identified the cross over point of the battery to the fuel cell.
  • EnerFuel EV Range Extender

    1. 1. Fuel Cells as EV Range Extenders:A Near-Term Fuel Cell Solution<br />1501 Northpoint Parkway, Suite 101<br />West Palm Beach, FL 33407<br />(561) 868-6720<br />
    2. 2. Ener1 Family<br />Ener 1 is the Group Head<br />Nasdaq: HEV<br />Worldwide HQ:<br />New York, New York USA<br />European HQ:<br />Paris, France<br />EnerDel is developing Lithium Ion batteries to improve the cost and performance of electric vehicles. <br />NanoEner is developing new, cutting-edge methods of material deposition and thin films using Nanotechnology.<br />EnerFuel is developing technologies and products that advance the performance of fuel cells and enable increased applicability to near term markets.<br />Enertech is the 3rd largest Li-Ion battery producer in Korea. EnerTech ensures the cost of prodution for Li-Ion batteries are competitive.<br />EnerDel is the only company in the USA with the capability in place to produce large lithium ion batteries on a mass scale.<br />EnerDel Japan is working on material & cell chemistry & manufacturing processing for lithium batteries. <br />Chungju, <br />South Korea<br />Indianapolis,<br />Indiana USA<br />West Palm Beach, Florida USA<br />Fort Lauderdale, Florida USA<br />Japan<br />
    3. 3. Unique Mix of Technologies Enables Fuel Cell Range Extender<br /><ul><li>Reduces required fuel cell nominal power
    4. 4. Reduces required battery size
    5. 5. Eliminates fuel cell transient operation
    6. 6. Reduces fuel cell required start-up time</li></ul>HT-PEM Fuel Cell<br />High efficiency power<br />High energy density<br />Eliminates reformate clean-up, Reduces reformer cost<br />EV Range <br />Extender<br />Fuel Reformer<br />Eliminates need for hydrogen infrastructure<br />Battery<br />Immediate power<br />Electrical energy <br />storage<br />Eliminates reformer transient operation<br />Reduces required reformer size<br />
    7. 7. Electric Vehicle Vision<br />Fuels other than Hydrogen can be used<br />EV Range Extender<br />Gasoline<br />Diesel<br />E-85<br />E-100<br />Methanol<br />Biodiesel<br />Biobutanol<br />DME<br />(others)<br />Grid<br />Opportunity Charging Stations <br />Opportunity:<br />EV Range Extender produces no toxic emissions.<br />Battery can be charged by fuel cell while vehicle is parked.<br />
    8. 8. Types of EV Range Extenders<br /><ul><li>1-3kW fuel cell
    9. 9. Partial range extension
    10. 10. Cabin heating and cooling
    11. 11. Battery protection
    12. 12. >10kW fuel cell
    13. 13. Unlimited range extension
    14. 14. Cabin heating and cooling
    15. 15. Battery protection
    16. 16. 3-10kW fuel cell
    17. 17. Range extension
    18. 18. Cabin heating and cooling
    19. 19. Battery protection</li></ul>Charge Assisting<br />Charge Sustaining<br />Climate Control / Idle<br />Climate Control / Idle<br />Charge Sustaining<br />Charge Assisting<br />3kW<br />10kW<br />1kW<br />
    20. 20. 2008 EnerFuel Developed Range Extended EV<br />95mph max speed<br />8sec, 0 - 60mph (97kph)<br />
    21. 21. H2<br />Anode<br />Cathode<br />Air<br />Blower / Compressor<br />Cooling Fan<br />HT-PEM Fuel Cell Module Reduces BOP<br />HT-PEM<br />LT-PEM<br />Reactant humidification and cooling system.<br />Radiator much larger than for Piston Engine<br />Gen 2.0 fuel cell module undergoing testing<br />EnerFuel’s HT-PEM Fuel Cell Module Doesn’t Need:<br /><ul><li> Reactant humidification
    22. 22. Coolant loop / Coolant pumps
    23. 23. Radiator</li></li></ul><li>Overall System Cost<br />% BOP<br />% Stack<br />System Power<br />BOP and Stack Cost in the System<br />BOP costs are a higher proportion of system weight, size and cost as fuel cell power is decreased.<br />
    24. 24. Reduction of BOP Impacts Costs of Lower Power Fuel Cells<br />80KW System<br />5 KW System<br />Percentage of Automotive System Cost<br />Percentage of Automotive System Cost<br />500,000 unit annual production of 80kW system<br />Source: “Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation” NREL/SR-560-39104<br />500,000 unit annual production of 5kW system<br />Source:Estimation based on 80KW system<br /> = BOP components eliminated in HT-PEM fuel cell <br /> (24% of total cost) <br />
    25. 25. 9.9<br />9.0<br />7.7<br />5.9<br />4.4<br />2.4<br />1.9<br />0.9<br />Energy Density of Potential Fuels<br />12.0<br />10.0<br />8.0<br />/L<br />th<br />6.0<br />kWh<br />4.0<br />2.0<br />0.0<br />Methanol<br />Ethanol<br />Butanol<br />Conventional<br />U.S.<br />Hydrogen<br />Hydrogen<br />Liquid<br />gasoline<br />conventional<br />5kpsig<br />10kpsig<br />Hydrogen<br />diesel<br />
    26. 26. HT-PEM Allows Reformer Integration<br />Typical Hydrogen Fuel Cell System<br />The Problem<br />Requires Hydrogen Infrastructure<br />LT-PEM <br />Fuel Cell<br />Energy<br />H2<br />Hydrogen<br />Previous Reformer-based Fuel Cell System<br />The Problem<br />CO Removal is:<br /><ul><li>Too Expensive
    27. 27. Too Heavy
    28. 28. Too Complicated
    29. 29. Too Large</li></ul>Long Start-up Time<br />(5-15 min)<br />Traditional Fuel<br />H2<br />LT-PEM <br />Fuel Cell<br />Reformer<br />(Separates Hydrogen)<br />CO Removal<br />Energy<br />H2+CO<br />EnerFuel System<br />The Solution<br />Uses Existing Fuel Infrastructure, <br />CO Removal is not necessary<br />EnerFuel HT-PEM <br />Fuel Cell<br />Traditional Fuel<br />Reformer<br />(Separates Hydrogen)<br />Energy<br />H2+CO<br />
    30. 30. EnerFuel Can Tolerate CO in Reformed Hydrogen<br /><ul><li>HT-PEM has much lower susceptibility to CO poisoning than LT-PEM
    31. 31. Allows for simplified and low cost integration with reformers </li></ul>EnerFuel<br />HT-PEM <br />Operating Temp<br />LT-PEM <br />Op. Temp<br />Source: Q. Lietal /Progress in Polymer Science 34 (2009) 449–477<br />
    32. 32. Electric Vehicle Usage Model<br />TRIP<br />Here<br />There<br />Daily Commute<br />Consists of a series of trips<br />
    33. 33. Inputs to Monte Carlo* Analysis<br />*Monte Carlo Analysis runs a large number of scenarios to determine the likelihood of potential outcomes. <br />14<br />
    34. 34. TRIP<br />EV<br />Here<br />There<br />EV<br />Vehicle Energy Needs<br />4.4kWh average trip energy<br />10kWh battery can power 97% of trips<br />Daily Commute<br />Consists of a series of trips<br />23kWh average commute energy<br />
    35. 35. On average, a 5kW fuel cell stack would add 20kWh of range to the daily commute<br />A 5kW fuel cell stack could reduce battery pack size by 9kWh with minimal risk of adversely affecting vehicle driving range<br />Fuel Cell Adds Range and Could Reduce Battery Pack Size<br />
    36. 36. Fuel Cell Reduces Probability of Needing to Charge During Day<br />20kWh Battery Only<br />15kWh Battery Only<br />
    37. 37. Vehicle Efficiency<br />Efficiency Definitions:<br />= 72mpg <br /> 3.3 L/100km<br />= 91mpg<br />2.6 L/100km<br />
    38. 38. Fuel Cell Lowers EV Driving Range Cost<br />300<br />$25,000<br />$23,764<br />250<br />$20,000<br />219<br />$16,639<br />200<br />$15,000<br />$15,000<br />171<br />Avg. Vehicle Range (mi)<br />Powerplant Price ($)<br />150<br />$10,000<br />100<br />100<br />$5,000<br />50<br />0<br />$0<br />20kWh Battery<br />20kWh Battery + 5kW FC<br />10kWh Battery + 5kW FC<br />Avg. Vehicle Range (mi)<br />Powerplant Price<br />Assuming 200Wh/mi average drive energy consumption, reformer based 5kW FC system at $1750/kW, battery cost is $750/kWh.<br />
    39. 39. Material<br />Handling<br />Stationary, <br />Backup Power, <br />microCHP<br />Telecommunications<br />E-Bikes<br /><10kW System Enables Related Applications<br /><10kW<br />Fuel Cell<br />Related Applications Drive Economies of Scale<br />
    40. 40. Conclusions<br />The use of Charge Assisting (3-10kW) fuel cell system<br />Provides significant increase on daily vehicle driving range<br />Reduces the capital cost associated with EV driving range<br />Improves customer satisfaction (reduction of range anxiety)<br />Fuel Cell Range Extender Provides Benefits Other Than Range<br />Capacity to “run while parked”<br />Climate control<br />Battery life extension<br />Systems developed in the same power level have other near-term applications<br />Idle eliminators<br />Backup power<br />Micro-CHP<br />Material Handling<br />
    41. 41. Thank you<br />Questions and Answers<br />For more information please contact:<br />Daniel A. Betts, PhD<br />dbetts@enerfuel.com<br />1501 Northpoint Parkway, Suite 101<br />West Palm Beach, FL 33407<br />+1 (352) 258-1405<br />