Twice Exceptional Gifted Students with Disabilities
Individuals with DisabilitiesEducation Act of 2004 - IDEA ’04 • Specific Learning Disabilities • Speech or Language Impairments • Emotional Disturbance • Deafness; Hearing Impairments • Orthopedic Impairments or Physical Disabilities • Other Health Impairments • Visual Impairments
Elementary and Secondary Education ActNo Child Left Behind Act of 2001 • Gifted and Talented • Students, children, or youth who give evidence of high achievement capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who need services and activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop those capabilities. - (Title IX, Part A, Section 9101(22), p. 544)
Gifted Students• Common Complaints The curriculum is not challenging The instructional pace is too slow Too much information is repeated Few opportunities to study personal interests or study in more depth Emphasis on mastery of facts, rather than thinking skills
Three Types of Unrecognized Twice Exceptional Students
Identified as Gifted Only• Identified as gifted but still struggling in school• Academic achievement does not meet the expectation for a gifted student• Performance difficulties improperly attributed to poor self-concept, lack of motivation, or laziness
Identified as Learning Disabled Only• Have an IEP for a learning disability• Exceptional gifts are not recognized or properly addressed• Defined by what they cannot do instead of what they can do
Not Identified as Gifted or Learning Disabled• In general ed classrooms• Considered to be of average ability and not qualified for gifted or special education services• Giftedness helps them compensate for their learning disabilities• Two exceptionalities mask each other or cancel each other out
Obstacles to Identification • Myth #1 • Gifted students are good at everything.
Obstacles to Identification • Myth #2 • Gifted children are always mature, self-directed, and well behaved.
Obstacle to Services• Myth #3• Gifted children don’t need any extra help. They are smart enough to figure it out themselves
So how do we recognizetwice exceptional students?
Common AttributesExtremely uneven academic abilities Noticeable discrepancies between verbal and non-verbal aptitude test scoresSophistication, perception, and insightthat seems beyond their years Exceptional creativity and imagination Wide-ranging knowledge and interests Excels at art, music, science, mathematics, mechanics, or technology
Common AttributesSuperior mathematical reasoning skills High abstract reasoning abilityAuditory and visual processing problems Handwriting that is illegible - refusal to do written work Difficulty with rote memorization, spelling, phonics, and decoding words Extensive and advanced speaking vocabulary, which is much more sophisticated than written vocabulary
Common AttributesExtreme frustration with school Supersensitivity - emotions can overpower reasoning Perfectionism and unreasonable self- expectationsLack of organizational and study skills Often inattentive in class highly distractible Struggles with easy, sequential tasks Frequently does not complete assignments
Evaluation Process • Identify Giftedness • Identify Disabilities
Evaluation Process• Formal assessments individually administered intelligence tests diagnostic achievement tests tests of aptitude tests of creativity
Evaluation Process• Informal assessments evaluation by experts or teachers classroom observation peer evaluations parent interviews auditions (performing)
Strategies for Educators Early identification!!! Focus on their special gifts Allow alternative methods of presentation/communication Provide technological supports Teach them about their disability Acceleration - Skip grades, AP and Honors Courses
Strategies for Educators Provide a stimulating, intellectually challenging learning environment Use different methods of delivery of instruction Focus on experiential rather than instructional learning Teach meta-skills, time management and self management Tutoring and Mentoring
Famous and Successful People Who Are or Were Twice Exceptional
ContributionsIt is of vital importance not only to identify, but to support andnurture the gifts of all students including those who are twiceexceptional so that we may all reach our greatest potential.Can you imagine the world today without the contributions of thesegreat thinkers?
ResourcesNCLB - http://ed.gov/nclbIDEA ’04 - http://idea.ed.govGifted Children - http://www.nagc.orgStudents with Disabilities - http://www.cec.sped.orgTwice Exceptional http://tinyurl.com/nagc-twiceexceptional http://tinyurl.com/cec-twiceexceptional http://www.uniquelygifted.org http://2enewsletter.com/