Approaches to the study of ideology. To explore the definition of an ideology. To assess two approaches to the study of ideologies : socio-scientific and critical.
What does the term ideology mean? <ul><li>Consider the following meanings… </li></ul><ul><li>Action orientated set of beliefs (i.e.: political mobilisation – to change / get support) </li></ul><ul><li>A body of ideas characteristic of a particular social group or class. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas which help to legitimate a dominant social power. </li></ul><ul><li>False ideas which help to legitimate a dominant social power ( false consciousness) . </li></ul><ul><li>Utopian thought </li></ul><ul><li>The medium through which individuals make sense of their world. </li></ul>Which TWO meanings do you agree with most? Can you think of any ideologies that fit these meanings i.e.: utopia = communism
Social- scientific conceptions Use the ideas of Destutt de Tracy to explain how the study of ideology could be scientific , i.e. the way it is carried out and what is the outcome (to society) if this process was followed. Do you agree with Karl Mannheim that only intellectuals can be carriers of ideologies? The scientific approach The PROCESS . The OUTCOME
Critical conceptions Elaborate on the stems in order to explain Marx’s ideological viewpoint. Role of ideas in history How ideology Can ‘distort’ Reality. ‘ false Consciousness’ Marx as an ‘ historical Materialist’ How ideas Came into being Karl Marx
Criticisms of Marx theory of ideology . Expand on each of these criticisms. Do you agree with this criticism? . Workers identification With the ruling class. All ideologies have an Element of Positiveness. All social groups Produce ideologies to Help identify their Needs and legitimise Their interests.
Gramsci’s concept of ‘legitimacy’ Explain Gransci’s approach and what the outcome to society would be. . The PROCESS The OUTCOME
Plenary…A more sophisticated definition of ideologies. Add a sentence to explain these functions. … is to see them fulfilling several functions Rather than just one. Mobilisation legitimation Representation
Homework <ul><li>Imagine you are working for the BBC and have the job of writing the dialogue for the introduction of a programme on approaching ideology – geared to A2 students – think about: </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a definition </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring a number of approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Explaining the difficulty in reaching a definitive conclusion </li></ul>