A world Divided…WHY? The seeds of conflict (2) What tensions existed between the USSR and the capitalist world in the 1920s and 30s? How were these tensions affected by the Second World War? To what extent had relations between the superpowers broken down by the end of 1944?
Starter… my thoughts In pairs discuss and come up with ways that these factors could cause conflict. What causes Tension between countries leaders actions Ideology (beliefs and principles)
Tensions between the USSR and the Capitalist World 1920s and 30s. Execution of the Tsar The USSR not honouring debts to the West / nationalisation programme Russia pulling out of World War One and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Ideological differences Explanation / how it caused tension Details Cause
Tensions between the USSR and the Capitalist World 1920s and 30s. Nazi Soviet pact 1939. Britain's policy of Appeasement towards Hitler. Activities of the Comitern Allied involvement in the Russian Civil war 1918-21. Explanation / how it caused tension Details Cause
Discussion Points Choose one factor and explain how it was linked to tension. Did the fact that the USSR was Communist make a difference To relations between it and the West? YES PARTLY NO What other factors made relations hostile? Key personalities Actions of the West and USSR Events in Europe In the 1930s.
The Grand Alliance Opening of a second front: Issue of Poland: Common enemy Points of disagreement Points of agreement Which countries and leaders make up the Grand Alliance? Why was the Grand Alliance formed?
The ‘Big Three’ Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill Examine the information on the three individuals – find evidence of how each individual could have caused tension / reduced tension. Which individual caused most tension in your opinion? Churchill Roosevelt Stalin Actions that reduced tension Actions that caused tension
To what extent had relations between the superpowers broken down by the end of 1944?
Evidence of mistrust & hostility Evidence of unity
Summary of Learning Skills Content How far do you Agree that the origins of The cold war in 1945-46 owed much to Ideological differences and little to personalities And conflicting national Interests. IDEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES PERSONALITIES CONFLICTING NATIONAL INTERESTS