Best Practices for Leak & Spill Control
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Best Practices for Leak & Spill Control

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Most common regulations dealing with liquids in plant environments.

Most common regulations dealing with liquids in plant environments.

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  • 1. Best Practices for Leak and Spill Control New Pig Corporation
  • 2. Bermuda Triangle of Regulations and Codes OSHA Fire Codes EPA Liquids
  • 3.  
  • 4. EPA
    • National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
      • Limits water pollution through permits
      • Defines oil pollution as a “sheen” on the water
      • Regulates “stormwater” discharges from manufacturing facilities
      • 40 CFR 122
    • Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC)
      • Monitors plans to prevent oil spills
      • Defines a reportable spill as one that reaches “navigable waters”
      • Regulates containers 55 gallons or larger
      • 40 CFR 112
  • 5. EPA Continued
    • Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA)
      • Restricts hazardous waste collection and storage
      • Defines “characteristic” and “listed” hazardous wastes
      • Regulates waste oil through “ignitability” characteristic
      • 40 CFR 260-265 (generator standards)
  • 6. OSHA
    • Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
      • Inspects working conditions
      • Defines safe and healthful standards
      • Regulates floor conditions, storage cabinets, hazardous waste operations and emergency response
      • 29 CFR 1910 (general industry standards)
  • 7. Fire Codes
    • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
      • An international, nonprofit membership organization
      • Merged with Uniform Fire Code (UFC) in 2006
      • NFPA'S 300 codes and standards influence every building, process, service, design and installation in the U.S.
      • Regulated through state and local fire marshals
      • NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
      • UFC, Articles 74, 79, and 80
  • 8. Outside Leaks & Spills
  • 9.  
  • 10. Drain Covers Storm drains are a major entry point into US waters, which can trigger multiple violations. Tip: Cover drains during bulk transfer as a precaution. NPDES 40 CFR 122.26 SPCC 40 CFR 112.7
  • 11. Drain Filters
    • Sediment and oil are the two
    • largest stormwater pollutants from
    • the industrial sector.
    • Remember, it only takes a sheen
    • for a spill to be reportable.
    • Tip: Install an insert below the
    • grate that collects both oil and
    • sediment.
    • NPDES 40 CFR 122.26
  • 12. Covered Storage Weather-tight buildings expand storage and prevent rainwater from mixing with chemicals. Tip: Use a ramp for safe loading and unloading. RCRA 40 CFR 264.175 RCRA 40 CFR 262.34 (c) (1) NPDES 40 CFR 122.26 SPCC 40 CFR 112.7
  • 13. Collapsible Storage Lightweight and transportable containment can be used for vehicles and drums. Tip: Attaching an oil-selective filter to the discharge port keeps the sump free of rainwater accumulation. RCRA 40 CFR 264.175 SPCC 40 CFR 112.7 NPDES 40 CFR 122.26
  • 14. Spill Removal
    • Surround spill with booms
    • to prevent spreading.
    • Tip: Oil-only adsorbents will not
    • pick up water, which reduces
    • disposal costs.
    • NPDES 40 CFR 122.26
    • SPCC 40 CFR 112.7 (c) (1) (vii)
  • 15. Inside Leaks and Spills
  • 16.  
  • 17. Loading Docks Kits contain a variety of absorbents to address the type and quantity of spill. Tip: Keep kit locations well marked and conduct regular inspection of contents. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.120 SPCC 40 CFR 112.7 (c) (1) (vii)
  • 18.  
  • 19. Battery Storage Designate a specific area and provide secondary containment. Tip: Store acid neutralizing spill kits and proper PPE nearby. Eyewash stations are required. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178
  • 20. Leaks & Drips Good housekeeping practices prevent slips and falls. Tip: Non-slip footwear should have a large area of contact with a soft tread and diverting channels. Tip: Socks quickly surround and absorb. Tip: Berms can be designed for drive over traffic. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.22(a)
  • 21. Fluid Maintenance Effective fluid change out procedures prevent spills. Tip: Use flexible funnels to control hard to reach plugs and filters. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.22(a) NPDES 40 CFR 122.26
  • 22.  
  • 23. Fluid Dispensing Fluid dispensing is a high risk area for both hazardous and non-hazardous spills. Tip: Flammables should be bonded and grounded during dispensing. Vents and faucets should be FM-approved. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106 NFPA 30
  • 24. Fluid Dispensing Good housekeeping encourages the capture of leaks and drips at dispensing stations. Tip: Make sure that the pump seals and housing are compatible with the liquid being dispensed. SPCC 40 CFR 112.7 (c) NPDES 40 CFR 122.26
  • 25.  
  • 26. Waste Collection – Solid Reduce air pollutant emissions from storage containers with continuous gasket. Tip: Latching lids provide easy access for frequently opened and closed containers. EPA 40 CFR 264.1086 RCRA 40 CFR 262.34 (c) (1) NFPA 30
  • 27.  
  • 28. Waste Collection – Liquid Hazardous waste can be collected in satellite accumulation drums in quantities of 55 gallons or less. Tip: Use a funnel with integral venting and overflow prevention to reduce spills. OSHA 29 CFR 264.1086 RCRA 40 CFR 262.34 (c) (1) RCRA 40 CFR 264.173
  • 29.  
  • 30. Containment Sump capacity should contain 10% of the volume of containers or the total volume of the largest container, whichever is greater. Tip: Fluorinated polyethylene pallets provide greater chemical resistance. RCRA 40 CFR 264.175 SPCC 40 CFR 112.7 (c) NFPA 30
  • 31. Bermuda Triangle OSHA Fire Codes EPA Liquids
  • 32. Pyramid of Control I nspection G ood Housekeeping P roducts Compliance
  • 33.