Beth Powell Business Platform Leader www.newpig.com/shalegas Hazardous Materials Performance Packaging
Disclaimers <ul><li>This presentation is for general guidance only and must not be  </li></ul><ul><li>used to determine co...
Basic Necessities  Package It Placard It Mark It Label It 49 CFR Part 172-173
Hazardous Materials Table <ul><li>A list of all the proper shipping names that can be used to describe hazardous material ...
Hazardous Materials Table http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/staticfiles/PHMSA/DownloadableFiles/Files/Hazmat/Hazmat%20Table.xls
Columns 1 & 2 <ul><li>Column 1  – Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Column 2  – Proper Shipping Names  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman...
Column 3 – Hazard Class <ul><li>Explosive </li></ul><ul><li>Gases </li></ul><ul><li>Flammable and Combustible Liquids </li...
Columns 4 & 5 <ul><li>Column 4   – Identification Number for each proper shipping name.  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A f...
Colum ns 6 & 7 <ul><li>Column 6  – Label Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates the  primary  hazard label </li></ul></ul><...
Columns 8, 9  & 10 <ul><li>Column 8  – Packaging Authorizations  (§173.***) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions (8A) </li></u...
Packaging   <ul><li>Why is it Important ? </li></ul><ul><li>First Line of Defense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To the handler </l...
Packaging Selection Ste ps <ul><li>Identify the Hazardous Material </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the Packing Group (Column 5...
Bulk vs. Non-Bulk <ul><ul><li>Bulk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(>119 gal) </li></ul></u...
Understanding the  Manufacturer’s UN Markings   1A1/Y1.8/250/07/USA/M4369
Non-Bulk Packaging Codes <ul><li>Type of Container </li></ul><ul><li>1=Drum  </li></ul><ul><li>2=Wooden Barrel  </li></ul>...
IBC Packaging Codes <ul><li>Type of Container </li></ul><ul><li>11=Rigid, designed for </li></ul><ul><li>solids, loaded or...
Second Set of Manufacturer’s Markings <ul><li>Performance Level </li></ul><ul><li>X=Meets PG I, II and III tests </li></ul...
Last Set of Manufacturer’s Markings <ul><li>Test Pressure  (Kilopascals) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum hydrostatic pressure  <...
All Together <ul><li>Test Pressure  </li></ul><ul><li>For liquids (kPa) </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Solids </li...
Salvage Drums <ul><li>Used when packages of hazardous materials are damaged, </li></ul><ul><li>defective or found leaking....
Marking Plac ement <ul><li>Steel open and closed head drums MUST be marked with the </li></ul><ul><li>UN number permanentl...
Questions? 1-800-HOT-HOGS
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DOT Performance Packaging Selection

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Transcript of "DOT Performance Packaging Selection"

  1. 1. Beth Powell Business Platform Leader www.newpig.com/shalegas Hazardous Materials Performance Packaging
  2. 2. Disclaimers <ul><li>This presentation is for general guidance only and must not be </li></ul><ul><li>used to determine compliance with 49 CFR Parts 100-185. </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation does not satisfy the Training Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>(49 CFR 172.704) for hazmat employees. </li></ul><ul><li>If you need this training, please contact your nearest </li></ul><ul><li>Safety-Kleen branch. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Necessities Package It Placard It Mark It Label It 49 CFR Part 172-173
  4. 4. Hazardous Materials Table <ul><li>A list of all the proper shipping names that can be used to describe hazardous material for transportation in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not assume a substance is not hazardous if you do not find it listed in the HMT </li></ul>HMT
  5. 5. Hazardous Materials Table http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/staticfiles/PHMSA/DownloadableFiles/Files/Hazmat/Hazmat%20Table.xls
  6. 6. Columns 1 & 2 <ul><li>Column 1 – Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Column 2 – Proper Shipping Names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplemented by “punctuation marks” or words in italics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options indicated by “or” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singular or plural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper or lower case </li></ul></ul>+ Fixes the proper shipping name A Air D Domestic G Generic or n.o.s. I International W Water
  7. 7. Column 3 – Hazard Class <ul><li>Explosive </li></ul><ul><li>Gases </li></ul><ul><li>Flammable and Combustible Liquids </li></ul><ul><li>Flammable Solids </li></ul><ul><li>Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides </li></ul><ul><li>Poisons & Infectious Substances </li></ul><ul><li>Radioactive </li></ul><ul><li>Corrosive </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous </li></ul>
  8. 8. Columns 4 & 5 <ul><li>Column 4 – Identification Number for each proper shipping name. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A four digit number preceded by “NA” for </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North America or “UN” for United Nations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Column 5 – Packing Group I, II, III, if assigned. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Performance testing includes drop, leak-proofness, hydrostatic pressure, stacking and vibration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Packing Group (PG): PG I – Greatest Danger PG II – Moderate Danger PG III – Minor Danger
  9. 9. Colum ns 6 & 7 <ul><li>Column 6 – Label Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates the primary hazard label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicate subsidiary hazard labels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Column 7 – Special Provisions (§172.102) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes packaging provisions, prohibitions and exceptions </li></ul></ul>Transported In: B – Bulk N – Non-Bulk T – Intermodal TP – Portable Tanks Transported By: A – Air H – Highway R – Rail W – Water
  10. 10. Columns 8, 9 & 10 <ul><li>Column 8 – Packaging Authorizations (§173.***) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions (8A) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-bulk specification packaging (8B) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulk specification packaging (8C) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Column 9 – Quantity Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passenger Aircraft/Rail (9A) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cargo Aircraft Only (9B) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Column 10 – Vessel Stowage Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cargo and passenger vessels (10A) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific hazardous materials (10B) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Packaging <ul><li>Why is it Important ? </li></ul><ul><li>First Line of Defense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To the handler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To the carrier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accidents in Transit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gets there in one piece! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Packaging Selection Ste ps <ul><li>Identify the Hazardous Material </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the Packing Group (Column 5) </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Special Provisions (Column 7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must always check! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify the Packaging Exceptions (Column 8A) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions are relief from the more stringent packaging requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determine Bulk or Non-Bulk (Column 8B or 8C) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look up the 173.*** for the approved packaging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understand Packaging ID Codes </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bulk vs. Non-Bulk <ul><ul><li>Bulk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(>119 gal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(>882 lbs and capacity > 119 gal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Water capacity > 1000 lbs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Bulk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( ≤ 119 gal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( ≤ 882 lbs and capacity ≤ 119 gal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Water capacity ≤ 1000 lbs) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Understanding the Manufacturer’s UN Markings 1A1/Y1.8/250/07/USA/M4369
  15. 15. Non-Bulk Packaging Codes <ul><li>Type of Container </li></ul><ul><li>1=Drum </li></ul><ul><li>2=Wooden Barrel </li></ul><ul><li>3=Jerrican </li></ul><ul><li>4=Box </li></ul><ul><li>5=Bag </li></ul><ul><li>6=Composite </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>7=Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Receptacle </li></ul><ul><li>Material of Construction </li></ul><ul><li>A=Steel </li></ul><ul><li>B=Aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>C=Natural Wood </li></ul><ul><li>D=Plywood </li></ul><ul><li>F=Reconstituted Wood </li></ul><ul><li>G=Fiberboard </li></ul><ul><li>H=Plastic </li></ul><ul><li>L=Textile </li></ul><ul><li>M=Paper, Multi-Wall </li></ul><ul><li>N=Metal other than Steel or Aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>P=Glass, Porcelain, or Stoneware </li></ul>Category within Type 1=Closed Head 2=Open Head Examples: 1A1 is a closed-head steel drum 1H2 is an open-head plastic drum T = Used to denote a Salvage Drum which has been tested for leakproofness using water as the test media
  16. 16. IBC Packaging Codes <ul><li>Type of Container </li></ul><ul><li>11=Rigid, designed for </li></ul><ul><li>solids, loaded or </li></ul><ul><li>unloaded by gravity </li></ul><ul><li>21=Rigid, designed for </li></ul><ul><li>solids, loaded or </li></ul><ul><li>unloaded under </li></ul><ul><li>pressure > 10 kPa </li></ul><ul><li>13=Flexible, designed </li></ul><ul><li>for solids, loaded or </li></ul><ul><li>unloaded by gravity </li></ul><ul><li>31=Rigid, designed for </li></ul><ul><li>liquids, loaded or </li></ul><ul><li>unloaded by gravity </li></ul><ul><li>Material of Construction </li></ul><ul><li>A=Steel </li></ul><ul><li>B=Aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>C=Natural Wood </li></ul><ul><li>D=Plywood </li></ul><ul><li>F=Reconstituted Wood </li></ul><ul><li>G=Fiberboard </li></ul><ul><li>H=Plastic </li></ul><ul><li>L=Textile </li></ul><ul><li>M=Paper, Multi-Wall </li></ul><ul><li>N=Metal other than Steel </li></ul><ul><li>or Aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>P=Glass, Porcelain, or </li></ul><ul><li>Stoneware </li></ul>Category within Type Composite IBC 1=Rigid inner receptacle 2=Flexible inner receptacle Flexible IBC 1=Uncoated without liner 2=Coated without liner 3=Uncoated with liner 4=Coated with liner Example: 13H4 is a flexible IBC made from coated plastic and includes a liner
  17. 17. Second Set of Manufacturer’s Markings <ul><li>Performance Level </li></ul><ul><li>X=Meets PG I, II and III tests </li></ul><ul><li>Y=Meets PG II and III tests </li></ul><ul><li>Z=Meets PG III tests </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Gravity </li></ul><ul><li>Weight of a liquid compared to weight of water </li></ul><ul><li>For packages intended to hold liquids without inner containers </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Weight (Kilograms) </li></ul><ul><li>1 lb = 0.454 kg </li></ul><ul><li>For packages intended to hold solids or inner containers </li></ul>Examples: 1A1/ Y1.8 is rated for Packing Groups II or III liquids with a specific gravity up to 1.8 1H2/ X100 is rated for Packing Groups I, II or III solids up to 100 kg in weight
  18. 18. Last Set of Manufacturer’s Markings <ul><li>Test Pressure (Kilopascals) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum hydrostatic pressure </li></ul><ul><li>for packages intended to hold </li></ul><ul><li>liquids </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Solids </li></ul><ul><li>For packaging containing </li></ul><ul><li>solids or inner packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Year of Manufacture </li></ul><ul><li>Then… </li></ul><ul><li>Country of Manufacture </li></ul><ul><li>Place where the package was </li></ul><ul><li>manufactured and marked </li></ul><ul><li>Then… </li></ul><ul><li>Name/Symbol of Manufacturer </li></ul>Examples: 1A1/Y1.8/ 250/07/USA/M439 was tested up to 250 kPa , manufactured in 2007 , made in the USA and approved by M4269 1H2/X100/ S/10/USA/M4339 was rated for solids , manufactured in 2010 , made in the USA and approved by M4339
  19. 19. All Together <ul><li>Test Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>For liquids (kPa) </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Solids </li></ul>Performance Level X=Meets PG I, II and III tests Y=Meets PG II and III tests Z=Meets PG III tests Type 1=Drum 2=Wooden Barrel 3=Jerrican 4=Box 5=Bag 6=Composite Packaging 7=Pressure Receptacle Material A=Steel B=Aluminum C=Natural Wood D=Plywood F=Reconstituted Wood G=Fiberboard H=Plastic L=Textile M=Paper, Multi-Wall N=Metal other than Steel or Aluminum P=Glass, Porcelain, or Stoneware Category 1=Closed Head 2=Open Head T = Salvage Drum which has been tested for leakproofness Specific Gravity For liquids OR Gross Weight For solids (kg) S 100 X 2T/ H 1 S 6/ Y 2/ H 1 100 1.8/ Y 1/ H 1 150 1.8/ Y 2/ A 1 S 120/ X 2/ A 1 250 1.8/ Y 1/ A 1
  20. 20. Salvage Drums <ul><li>Used when packages of hazardous materials are damaged, </li></ul><ul><li>defective or found leaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Must have sufficient cushioning and absorbent to prevent </li></ul><ul><li>excessive movement and eliminate any free liquid at time </li></ul><ul><li>drum is closed. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Marking Plac ement <ul><li>Steel open and closed head drums MUST be marked with the </li></ul><ul><li>UN number permanently embossed on the bottom. </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic drums MUST be UN marked (embossed) on the side or </li></ul><ul><li>the bottom. If labels are also used they must be durable. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Questions? 1-800-HOT-HOGS
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