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Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
Colonizing the Americas
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Colonizing the Americas

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World History …

World History
Colonizing the Americas - Synopsis

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  • 1.  Motivations?  Gold, Glory, and God! Hispaniola (Haiti and Dom. Rep.), Cuba, and Puerto Rico Native Americans – suffered terribly as they contracted European diseases Hernan Cortes – Mexico in 1519, headed to Tenochtitlan › Formed alliances with groups that didn’t like the Aztecs to rally an army › Moctezuma welcomes him into the capital, quickly don’t get along › Spaniards pushed out, retreat and plan, return and conquer Tenochtitlan – Mexico City
  • 2.  Francisco Pizarro – finds the Incan empire in the midst of civil war and easily takes over Spanish forces stretch from Ecuador to Chile and continue adding most of the rest of S. America (except Brazil) Reasons for Spaniards success? › Superior military technology (horses, gun powder, and thick armor) › Diseases of the Europeans
  • 3.  Stretched from California to S. America Catholic Church played a key role – see it as a perfect opportunity to spread Christianity – Jesuits help a great deal Economic Benefits are HUGE: › Raw materials exported back to Europe › Colonies can only by Spanish manufactured goods › Silver and gold brought back by the shiploads › Sugar cane plantations › Encomienda system (labor from locals)
  • 4. • Peninsulares – Iberian descent, top gvt and Cath Ch• Creoles – American born, own plantations,ranches, and mines• Mestizos – Native American + European• Mulattoes – African + European• Lowest Classes – Native American and then Africans
  • 5. • Priest who wrote letter to the king condemning the encomienda system• King bans enslavement of the Natives• Spain and Portugal turn to Africa for labor
  • 6.  Brazil is their biggest colony Also use Africans and the Native Americans to work sugar plantations
  • 7.  The rest of Europe is very frustrated by Spain’s control over colonial trade Privateers (pirates) who were Dutch, English and French begin preying on Spanish ships carrying supplies (esp. gold and silver) European governments often encouraged and facilitated the privateers › Ex. Queen Elizabeth and Sir Francis Drake
  • 8.  Samuel de Champlain – first permanent settlement, Quebec, Canada – 1608 New France Louis XIV, powerful absolutist (and Catholic) French King – prohibits Protestants from settling in France. By early 1700s French forts, missions, and trading posts stretch from Quebec to Lousiana
  • 9.  Jamestown, Virginia – 1607 Plymouth, Massachusetts - 1620 1600 and 1700s – 13 English colonies established › Commercial ventures › Havens for religious persecution
  • 10.  Spain, Netherlands, Portugal, England, and France France and England emerge as major powers during the 1700s Caribbean, North America, and India › Seven Years War – (French and Indian War in N. America, 7 yrs war in India) › 1763 – Treaty of Paris  Britain gets land East of the Mississippi River, France gets Canada  France forced out of India  France gains some sugar- producing islands in the Caribbean

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