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Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
Apwh ch 1 part 1   prehistory and early civilizations
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Apwh ch 1 part 1 prehistory and early civilizations

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AP World Unit 1 Part 1

AP World Unit 1 Part 1

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  • 1. AP World: Unit 1 Part 1 From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations Chapter 1
  • 2. Way back when… Fire tamed 750,000 years ago Homo erectus emerged between 500,000 and 750,000 years ago – Reached population of 1.5 million Homo sapiens emerged 100,000 Paleolithic era – prehistory
  • 3. Diffusion of man Based on Fernandez-Armesto’s “The World” Chronology: Early Human Migration 150,000 yrs ago Hypothetical African Eve (H. sapiens ) 100,000 yrs ago H. sapiens migrates out of Africa to Middle East 67,000 yrs ago H. sapiens in China 60,000 yrs ago H. sapiens reestablishes colony in Middle East 50,000 yrs ago H. sapiens in Australia 40,000 yrs ago H. sapiens in Europe 15,000 yrs ago H. sapiens in the Americas
  • 4. Paleolithic Life•Hunters-and-gatherers•Nomadic life•Groups of 20-30•Tools ofwood/stone•Emergence oflanguage
  • 5. BRRRRRR •Ice Age begins about 150,000 yrs ago •Peaks at 18,000 yrs and starts to thaw after that •World emerges from the Ice Age between 15,000- 20,000 years ago
  • 6. Other Developments  Early Religious Beliefs  Animism – Belief that the world is full of spirits and forces that might reside in animals, objects, or dreams – How do we know this?  Cave paintings  Elaborate burial ceremonies
  • 7. The warmth means…  Better climate = population increase = search for better/new food sources  Retreat of big game = smaller hunting yields = increasing reliance on other animals for dairy and skins  Also increasing dependence on regular harvests
  • 8. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution The New Stone Age (8500-3500 BCE) – Seeds  Wow! If you scatter seeds on the ground, plants later grow in the same place! (not quite…but close…) – Domesticating animals  Chicken, goat, cow, horse, llama, etc.  Pastoralism – nomadic herding
  • 9. Effects of theAgricultural Revolution– Changing ways of life  Status of women declines (no longer “equal” contributors)  Warfare increases  Acquire more possessions (material girls)– New Technology  Develop calendars to time planting and harvesting  Use animals to plow  Tools to make farming easier– Pros and Cons to Agricultural and Pastoral Life?  Pros: supports more people  Cons: more labor intensive/more man hours  And the Awesome Chart!!!
  • 10. From Fernandez-Armesto “The World”
  • 11. What are tools madewith? Wood Stone Bone And then it gets better! – Copper – Bronze! (Bronze Age ~3000 BCE)
  • 12.  Three crafts that really develop during the Neolithic Age: – Textiles – Metallurgy – Pottery
  • 13. Features of Civilization Split up – Why are these features of civilization? What do these features suggest about a society? 1 – Cities 2 – Well-organized central governments 3 – Complex regions 4 – Job specialization 5 – Social classes 6 – Arts and architecture 7 – Public works 8 -- Writing
  • 14. Early Cities  Jericho – Palestine, near the Jordan River, going strong by 7000 BCE – Early walled urban culture based on sedentary agriculture – Modern day Israel
  • 15. Catal Huyuk •Catal Huyuk – southern Turkey (Anatolia), •c. 7000 BCE •Most advanced human center of Neolithic Age
  • 16. Rise of Civilizations Four major areas – Tigris-Euphrates – Nile River – Indus River – Huang He River

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