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  • It is a longstanding and healthy debate . . .

Gifted 101 presentation2011 Gifted 101 presentation2011 Presentation Transcript

  • GIFTED 101 An introduction to education for gifted and talented students Presented by: Beth Brubaker EDUFEST 2011 [email_address]
  • Like Captured Fireflies In her classroom our speculations ranged the world She aroused us to book waving discussions. Every morning we came to her carrying new truths, new facts, new ideas Cupped and sheltered in our hands like captured fireflies. When she went away a sadness came over us,
  • But the light did not go out. She left her signature upon us The literature of the teacher who writes on children’s minds. I’ve had many teachers who taught us soon forgotten things, But only a few like her who created in me a new thing, a new attitude, a new hunger.
  • I suppose that to a large extent I am the unsigned manuscript of that teacher. What deathless power lies in the hands of such a person. ~John Steinbeck California Teachers Association Journal October, 1957
  • Myths and Realities of Giftedness
  • The public is sympathetic to the plight of the gifted. MYTH
  • Special provisions for the gifted are undemocratic. MYTH
  • Gifted children can get a good education on their own. MYTH
  • Everyone is gifted in some way. MYTH
  • Reality The intellectually gifted differ as much from the average as do the mentally challenged.
  • A high IQ score is a good predictor of real-world accomplishment. MYTH
  • The gifted are puny, introverted, emotionally unstable persons. MYTH
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  • Teachers are better at identifying giftedness than a child’s peers or parents. MYTH
  • Reality Labeling a child “gifted” may lead to special treatment and special problems.
  • “ The key issue is not whether a child is gifted or not gifted. Those labels are useful to us only in the sense that they (a) create an awareness that there exists a population of students whose exceptional abilities differentiate them from the rest of the student population and (b) suggest some characteristics which we should attend to in planning educational programs for those children.” Carolyn Callahan
  • Reality Gifted individuals from racial and ethnic minorities and of low socioeconomic status are less likely to be identified.
  • Accelerating eager gifted learners sometimes causes them social or emotional harm. MYTH
  • Reality Gifted students should be encouraged to direct their own learning.
  • http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = MDJst-y_ptI&feature =related
  • Definitions of Giftedness Marland Report: U.S. Office of Education: Gifted and talented children are those identified by professionally qualified persons who, by virtue of outstanding abilities, are capable of high performance. These are children who require differentiated educational programs and/or services beyond those normally provided by the regular school program in order to realize their contribution to self and society (p.IX)
  • Definitions of Giftedness State of Idaho: … those children possessing demonstrated or potential abilities that give evidence of high performing abilities in intellectual, academic, leadership, creativity, and visual or performing arts.
  • Definitions of Giftedness Susan Richert: “ There are no gifted children, only children with potential for giftedness. Being gifted means making (as an adult) an original contribution to one’s field.”
  • Definitions of Giftedness Jewel Hoopes: “ Being gifted means giving back a gift.”
  • "Being Gifted means giving back a gift." What makes Gifted Behavior?
  • Above Average Ability Creativity Task Commitment Gifted Behavior
  • Two Types of Giftedness High Achieving Giftedness Creative/ Productive Giftedness
  • Renzulli's Conception of Giftedness Schoolhouse Abilities Creative Productivity Above Average Ability Task Commit- ment Creativity • ___________________________ • __________ _________________ • ___________________________ Above Average Ability Creativity Task Commitment Renzulli & Reis, 1997 • ____________________ • ____________________ • ____________________ Analytic Thinking Ability to Generalize Ability to Learn Inductively
  • "I skimped a little on the foundation, but no one will ever know it."
  • SENSITIVITY TO HUMAN CONCERNS OPTIMISM ・ hope ・ positive feelings from hard work ROMANCE WITH A TOPIC OR DISCIPLINE VISION/SENSE OF DESTINY PHYSICAL/MENTAL ENERGY COURAGE
        • WISDOM
        • SATISFYING LIFESTYLE
    • THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS
    Intelligences Outside the Normal Curve Joseph S. Renzulli The University of Connecticut
        • ・ psychological/intellectual independence
        • ・ moral conviction
        • ・ absorption
        • ・ passion
        • ・ sense of power to change things
        • ・ sense of direction
        • ・ pursuit of goals
        • ・ charisma
        • ・ curiosity
        • ・ insight
        • ・ empathy
    • diversity
        • balance
        • harmony
        • proportion
  • Creativity Characteristics of Gifted/Talented Students
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  • Calvin! Quit Banging Around!
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  • You’d think this would be the type of thing we’d learn about in science class, but no, we learn about cirrus clouds.
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  • Curiosity Characteristics of Gifted/Talented Students
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  • Asynchronous Development Characteristics of Gifted/Talented Students
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  • Refuses to Accept Authority Non-Conforming Stubborn Characteristics of Gifted/Talented Students
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  • Argumentative Characteristics of Gifted/Talented Students
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  • Creativity Refuses to Accept Authority Non-Conforming Stubborn Argumentative Curiosity Asynchronous Development Characteristics of Gifted/Talented Students
  • Traits, Aptitudes, and Behaviors Adapted from: Frasier & Passow, 1994 Humor Conveys and picks up on humor. Problem-Solving Ability Effective, often inventive, strategies for recognizing and solving problems. Communication Skills Highly expressive and effective use of words, numbers, and symbols. Motivation Evidence of desire to learn. Interests Intense (sometimes unusual) interests. Inquiry Questions, experiments, explores. Memory Large storehouse of information on school or non-school topics. Insight Quickly grasps new concepts and makes connections; senses deeper meanings. Imagination/ Creativity Produces many ideas; highly original. Reasoning Logical approaches to figuring out solutions.
  • Characteristics of Above Average Ability
    • Above Average Ability (General)
        • high levels of abstract thought
        • adaptation to novel situations
        • rapid and accurate retrieval of information
    • Above Average Ability (specific)
        • applications of general abilities to specific area of knowledge
        • capacity to sort out relevant from irrelevant information
        • capacity to acquire and use advanced knowledge and strategies while pursuing a problem
    Characteristics of Above Average Ability
  • Characteristics of Creativity
        • fluency, flexibility, and originality of thought
        • open to new experiences and ideas
        • curious
        • willing to take risks
        • sensitive to aesthetic characteristics
  • Positive Characteristics of Creativity
    • aware of their own creativeness
    • original
    • independent
    • willing to take risks
    • energetic
    • curious
    • keen sense of humor
    • attracted to complexity and novelty
    • artistic
    • open-minded
    • need for privacy, alone time
    • perceptive
  • Negative Characteristics of Creativity
    • questioning rules and authority
    • stubbornness
    • low interest in details
    • forgetfulness
    • carelessness and disorganization with unimportant matters
    • absentmindedness
    • indifference to common conventions
    • tendency to be emotional
    • Advanced vocabulary use
    • Exceptional analytic abilities
    • High levels of creativity
    • Advanced problem solving skills
    • Good memory
    • Task commitment
    • Spatial abilities
    • Ability to think of divergent ideas and solutions
    • Specific aptitude (artistic, musical, or mechanical)
    • Wide variety of interests
    Characteristics of Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities Characteristic Strengths
  • Characteristics of Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities Characteristics Which Hamper Identification as Gifted
    • Frustration with inability to master certain academic skill
    • Learned helplessness
    • General lack of motivation
    • Disruptive classroom behavior
    • Perfectionism
    • Supersensitivity
    • Failure to complete assignments
    • Lack of organizational skills
    • Demonstration of poor listening and concentration skills
    • Deficiencies
    • Low self-esteem
    • Unrealistic self-expectations
    • Absence of social skills with some peers
  • Characteristics of Task Commitment
    • capacity for high levels of interest, enthusiasm
    • hard work and determination in a particular area
    • self-confidence and drive to achieve
    • ability to identify significant problems within an area of study
    • setting high standards for one’s work
  • Social and Emotional Characteristics of Gifted Children Which May Pose Challenges
    • perceptiveness
    • high involvement and preoccupation; need to understand
    • heightened sensitivity
    • perfectionism
    • uneven integration of intellectual abilities
    • emotional intensity
    • feelings and early awareness of being different
    • a s y n c h r o n o u s development of physical, intellectual, social, emotional aspects
    • anxiety caused by advanced knowledge
    • early adolescence (some children, especially highly gifted, may skip the latency stage of development)
    • need for mental stimulation
    • excitability and overexcitability (Dabrowski)
    • need for precision
    • tendency toward introversion
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • Are They Gifted? a simulation 1. Albert Wright 2. Elaine Hawkins 3. Kiyoshi Yamashita Kiyoshi Yamashita 4. Mary hall 5. Mike Grost 6. Sam Edder 7. William Horn Abraham Lincoln Isadora Duncan Eleanor Roosevelt Mike Grost Albert Einstein Bill Bradley
  • Identification: The Great Debate
    • One of the most widely discussed and debated topics in education
    • No easy answers or simple solutions to identification questions
    • An indication of the far-reaching effects that decisions related to identification have on students, schools, and communities
  • Multiple Talents
  • http:// www.humorsphere.com/fun/8787/colortest.swf
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #1 Research revealed that _____ % Of the fourth graders tested could attain a score of 80% or higher in Math even before they opened their books in September. Similar findings were published in Social Studies with tenth graders and in Science with both fourth and tenth graders.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #1 Research revealed that _60_____ % Of the fourth graders tested could attain a score of 80% or higher in Math even before they opened their books in September. Similar findings were published in Social Studies with tenth graders and in Science with both fourth and tenth graders.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #2 Research showed that _______% Of average readers in 5 th and 6 th grade could pass pretests on basal comprehension skills before the skills were covered in class. Accuracy levels were 92% for average students and 93% for those above average.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #2 Research showed that ___ 78-88 __% Of average readers in 5 th and 6 th grade could pass pretests on basal comprehension skills before the skills were covered in class. Accuracy levels were 92% for average students and 93% for those above average.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #3 At the National Research Center for Gifted and Talented at the University of Connecticut, research revealed that most elementary teachers can forego ____________ % Of the basal regular curriculum for targeted students in the general population.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #3 At the National Research Center for Gifted and Talented at the University of Connecticut, research revealed that most elementary teachers can forego __ 40-50 __________% Of the basal regular curriculum for targeted students in the general population.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #4 At the National Research Center for Gifted and Talented at the University of Connecticut, researchers found that in both Language Arts and Math, many bright youngsters are able to bypass as much as _____________% of the regular curriculum.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #4 At the National Research Center for Gifted and Talented at the University of Connecticut, researchers found that in both Language Arts and Math, many bright youngsters are able to bypass as much as ___ 70 __________% of the regular curriculum.
    • #5
    • Many define “gifted” as an IQ above
    • _________.
    • (number)
    • #5
    • Many define “gifted” as an IQ above
    • 132 .
    • (number)
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #6 ______ (number) States do NOT require the identification of gifted students. Idaho DOES require identification!.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #6 __ 18 ____ (number) States do NOT require the identification of gifted students. Idaho DOES require identification!
          • #7
          • Over ______________%
          • Of gifted children are introverted compared with 30% of the general population.
          • #7
          • Over 70 %
          • Of gifted children are introverted compared with 30% of the general population.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #12 _______________________ (number) of gifted students in public elementary and secondary schools in the United States in 2000. (National Center for Education Statistics)
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #12 There were ____ 2,926,034__ (number) gifted students in public elementary and secondary schools in the United States in 2000. (National Center for Education Statistics)
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #13 Gifted students comprise, or make up, ________% of the total public school enrollment in the United States.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #13 Gifted students comprise, or make up, ___ 6.3 _____% of the total public school enrollment in the United States.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #14 Dropout rates among the gifted reach as high as ________% of the total dropout rate.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #14 Dropout rates among the gifted reach as high as ______ 30 __% of the total dropout rate.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #16 Less than ______ cents out of every federal dollar spent for education funds programs for gifted.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #16 Less than ____ 2 __ cents out of every federal dollar spent for education funds programs for gifted. CHANGE: 2011=JAVITTS GRANT REMOVED=$0.00
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #17 In 2006, Congress appropriated $______________ In the Jacob Javitts Gifted and Talented Act.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #17 In 2006, Congress appropriated $ 9.6million _ In the Jacob Javitts Gifted and Talented Act. CHANGE: 2011=JAVITTS GRANT REMOVED=$0.00
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #18 When teachers trained in curriculum modification for gifted students eliminated as much as ________% of the regular curriculum for gifted students, NO differences in the out-of-level achievement test results were found compared to pretest scores.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #18 When teachers trained in curriculum modification for gifted students eliminated as much as ____ 50 ____% of the regular curriculum for gifted students, NO differences in the out-of-level achievement test results were found compared to pretest scores.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #19 Research conducted at the University of Connecticut National Research Center on Gifted and Talented found that NO curriculum modifications are being made for the gifted in __________% of classrooms across the country.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #19 Research conducted at the University of Connecticut National Research Center on Gifted and Talented found that NO curriculum modifications are being made for the gifted in ____ 85 ______% of classrooms across the country.
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #22 The Idaho Legislature formerly provided $____________ training grant money for teachers, parents, administrators, and counselors to learn about gifted students. This has now been eliminated .
  • STARTLING STATEMENTS #22 The Idaho Legislature formerly provided $__ 500,000 __________ training grant money for teachers, parents, administrators, and counselors to learn about gifted students. This has now been eliminated
  • Classroom Practices Study
    • Teachers reported that they never had any training in meeting the needs of gifted students.
    • 61% public school teachers
    • 54% private school teachers
    Archambault, F. X., Jr., Westberg, K. L., Brown, S. W., Hallmark, B. W., Emmons, C. L., & Zhang, W. (1993). Regular classroom practices with gifted students: Results of a national survey of classroom teachers (Research Monograph 93102). Storrs, CT: The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, University of Connecticut.
  • Classroom Practices Observational Study
    • Students experienced no instructional or curricular differentiation in 84% of the activities in which they participated:
    • Reading Language Arts
    • Mathematics Social Studies
    • Science
    Westberg, K. L., Archambault, F. X., Jr., Dobyns, S. M., & Salvin, T. J. (1993). An observational study of instructional and curricular practices used with gifted and talented students in regular classroom ( Research Monograph 93104). Storrs, CT: The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, University of Connecticut.
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  • GOALS OF CURRICULUM COMPACTING
    • Create a challenging learning environment
    • Guarantee proficiency in basic curriculum
    • Buy time for enrichment and acceleration
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  • Rationale for Curriculum Compacting
    • Textbooks have been "dumbed down."
    • Students already know much of their texts' content before "learning it."
    • The quality of textooks has failed to improve.
    • The needs of high ability students are often not met in classrooms.
    • The pace of instruction and practice time can be modified.
    • Compacting guarantees educational accountability.
    Reis, S.M., Burns, D. E., & Renzulli, J. S. (1992). Curriculum Compacting: The complete guide to modifying the curriculum for high ability students. Mansfield Center, CT: Creative Learning Press.
  • Individual Educational Programming Guide—The Compactor Curriculum Areas to Be Considered for Compacting Procedures for Compacting Basic Materials Acceleration and/or Enrichment Activities
  • NAME IT NAME IT Prove it Change it
  • AREAS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR COMPACTING: COLUMN 1
    • STANDARDIZED TESTS
    • Pretests
    • Anecdotal Records
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  • A “ BELL CURVE SEATING CHART”
    • Consistently finishes tasks quickly
    • Finishes reading assignments first
    • Appears bored during instruction time
    • Brings in outside reading material
    • Creates own puzzles, games, or diversions in class
    • Consistently daydreams
    • Uses vocabulary and verbal expression advance of grade level
  • Individual Educational Programming Guide—The Compactor Curriculum Areas to Be Considered for Compacting Procedures for Compacting Basic Materials Acceleration and/or Enrichment Activities
  • NAME IT NAME IT Prove it Change it
  • Guarantee Proficiency: Column 2
    • Pretest: insure standards are met
    • Teach what student does NOT know
    • Eliminate parts of regular curriculum student already knows
    • Accountability! Document!
  • Individual Educational Programming Guide—The Compactor Curriculum Areas to Be Considered for Compacting Procedures for Compacting Basic Materials Acceleration and/or Enrichment Activities
  • NAME IT NAME IT Prove it Change it
  • "First grade would be all right if it weren't for the 11 sequels."
  • Acceleration and/or Enrichment Activities: Column 3
    • NOT just more quantity!
    • Real world experiences: research, problem solving, methodological “how to”
    • Authentic evaluation: find a real world audience
    • Consider interest areas and learning styles
    • Provide Managerial assistance
  • Investigating real problems…
    • The young person thinking,
    • feeling, and doing like the
    • practicing professional...
    • “ We don’t expect little children to do great things, but we expect them to do little things in a great way…
    • even if at a more junior level than
    • adult scientists, writers,
    • filmmakers, etc.”
  • Use more authentic methods of instruction… Use Data… Use Instruments!
  • Designing quality Enrichment activities and opportunities
    • Pacing
    • Acceleration
    • Depth
    PASSION!
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  • Push me! See how far I go! Work me ‘til I drop. Then pick me up. Open a door, and then make me run to it before it closes. Teach me so that I might learn, Then let me enter the tunnel of experience alone. And when, near the end, I turn to see you beginning another’s journey, I shall smile. ~Kathleen, age 14
  • Designing quality Enrichment activities and opportunities Student Interest!
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  • Renzulli Learning matches students’ interests and learning styles to hundreds of enriched, challenging opportunities on-line. All of the activities and options in the Renzulli Learning System are based on The Enrichment Triad Model, which has been cited as the most widely used plan for enrichment and talent development in the world. What is Renzulli Learning? http:// renzullilearning.com /
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  • Designing quality Enrichment activities and opportunities
    • Pacing
    • Acceleration
    • Depth
    PASSION!
    • Simulations
    Whole Class Modifications
    • Problem Solving
    • Differentiation: Cubing!
    • RIGOR!
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  • Types of Differentiation in Which Target Gifted Students Were Involved No Differentiation Advanced Content Advanced Process Advanced Product Indep. Study w/ Assigned Topic Indep. Study w/ Self-selected Topic Other Differentiation
  • Some Differentiation Teaching Strategies
    • Curriculum Compacting
    • Acceleration
    • Advanced Products
    • Enrichment Clusters
    • Tiered Assignments
    • Alternate Choice Assignments
    • Enrichment and Acceleration
    • Higher level Questions
    • Grouping Options
    • Independent Study and Research Studies
    • Competitions and Mentorships
  • Whole Class Modifications Questioning Makes the Difference!
  • Students should feel proud that they have a question, rather than pleased that they have the answer. ~Janice Szabos 1995 Pieces of Learning Active Questioning
  • Curiosity
  • Questioning Strategies
  • “ It is better to know some of the questions than all of the answers.” ~James Thurber
  • 5 Types of Questions By Nancy Johnson 1.. Quantity Questions Name many ways to get out of this room
    • 2. Compare / Contrast
    5 Types of Questions Compare a rattlesnake to a missile.
    • 3. Feelings/opinions/point of view/personification
    5 Types of Questions Should our country stop importing chocolate?
    • 4. “What if?” Questions
    5 Types of Questions What if humans had no opposable thumbs?
    • 5. “How come?” Questions
    5 Types of Questions How come jumbo shrimp are so small?
  • Questions That Can Be Used To Escalate the Level of Discussions About Concepts and Ideas
    • Consistency with Evidence
    • 1. How is the statement supported by observations?
    • 2. How is the statement supported by
    • the observations of others?
    • 3. How is the statement supported by data?
    • 4. How does evidence from nature support
    • the statement?
    • 5. How well does your statement reflect
    • the data?
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  • I used to think kids were really smart if they could answer my questions. Now I think they’re smart if they can ask good questions!
  • Resources
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  • The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented www.gifted.uconn.edu
  • Social and Emotional Findings
  • Western Academic Talent Search (WATS)
    • Center for Bright Kids
    • 9975 Wadsworth Pkwy
    • Unit K-2 #504
    • Westminster, CO 80021-6814
    • Formerly known as Rocky Mountain Talent Search and Center for Innovative and Talented Youth
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  • NAGC Gifted Program Standards Aiming for Excellence: Annotations to the NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards www.nagc.org In 1998, NAGC developed and released the Pre-K -- Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards designed to assist school districts in examining the quality of their programming for gifted learners.Recognizing that the on-going evaluation and re-tooling of a successful gifted program is an evolutionary process, the NAGC Standards detail a framework including both minimum standards (nominal requirements for satisfactory programs) and exemplary standards (characteristics of excellence in gifted education programming).
  • Hot Topics
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  • Hot Topics Grades
  • Each time we steal a student’s struggle, we steal the opportunity to build self-confidence. They must learn to do hard things to feel good about themselves. Self-confidence comes from being successful at something we perceive as difficult. *Susan Winebrenner
  • Students who achieve A’s based on what they have already learned are gaining daily practice in underachievement. ~Linda Silverman
  • Hot Topics Grades Elitism
  • “ There is nothing more unequal than the equal treatment of unequal people.” ~Thomas Jefferson
  • Gifted programs do not cause an elitist attitude. In fact, the gifted program may be the first time a highly-capable student is truly challenged, which is a very humbling experience.
  • Hot Topics Grades Elitism Acceleration
  • Hot Topics Grades Elitism Acceleration Mastery
  • Hot Topics Grades Elitism Acceleration Mastery Standardized testing Underachievement
  • A Nation Deceived: How Schools Hold Back America’s Brightest Students ~The John Templeton Foundation 2004 The research is clear: when it comes to meeting the needs of gifted students, acceleration is effective and needs to be the cornerstone of a gifted program.
  • Prof. Dumbledore: It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities. J. K. Rowling Harry Potter and The Chamber of Secrets
  • “ If you want to leave footprints in the sands of time, you’d better wear work boots.” ~Thomas Edison
  • A Hero Lies in Wait Sitting in every one of those desks is pure, unbridled potential I must look for the tiniest spark of a clue, though it may seem inconsequential And despite the behaviors that mask what’s there, what’s there is mine to reveal
  • I must look beyond and see inside to all they think and feel What’s inside the quiet mind? A philosopher? A writer? And what’s inside the rebellious one? I’ll never know if I fight her. Which one will be the doctor who may someday cure a disease?
  • And which will be the adventurer who will one day sail on the breeze? And who will be the motherly one who cares for her children’s needs? Which will be the philanthropist helping through unselfish deeds? Who will be the mechanic, the attorney, or the pilot?
  • Who will climb the rainbow in search of indigo and violet? I have to remind myself each day, so emotions will not lead my mind astray That inside of every student I teach a hero lies in wait And the way I treat each one today will help to mold that fate. ~taken from Seven Simple Secrets: What the Best Teachers Know and Do
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