Representation and Stereotypes Real


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Representation and Stereotypes Real

  1. 1. REPRESENTATION AND STEREOTYPES Bethany Bouchareb, Shannon Webb, Genit Abazi.
  2. 2. REPRESENTATION To represent something is to describe, or depict it, to call it up in the mind by description or portrayal. Representation in media terms is concerned with the way that people, events and ideas are presented to us. When media focuses on representation it focuses on • Gender • Age • Ethnicity • Sexuality • Class and Status • Physical ability/disability • Regional identity
  3. 3. REPRESENTATION: GENDER Gender is the range of physical, mental, and behavioral characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. Feminine: would be represented in pink, not a lot of clothes are worn, they categorize it by making the feminine people very emotional and beautiful, they are often found talking about sex, and they are always reliant on men. Masculinity: would be represented in blue, evidently showing of muscles, tends to be in charge, they are shown as the hero and the breadwinner in the family (brings the income).
  4. 4. REPRESENTATION: AGE Age is your years of how old you are or what group you are between a range of groups. Children: active consumers (toy adverts), innocent or devious, cute, brave, playful and modern. Teenagers: social problem, followers of anti authority, badly behaved (drug takers, binge drinkers), heavily associated in social groups. Elderly: grumpy, a burden, engaging in activities they wished to do when they were younger, dependent, mentally challenged.
  5. 5. REPRESENTATION: ETHNICITY Ethnicity: belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition. Minorities: (Black people) criminals, a threat, need charity, invisible, unimportant, dependent. British: Privileged, upper class, posh, out going, rich, drinkers, developed. Irish: travellers, rude, violent, drinkers, boisterous, patriotic, heavily cultured, wedding associated.
  6. 6. REPRESENTATION: SEXUALITY Sexuality: a persons sexual orientation. Homosexuality: Camp, responsible for AIDS, Macho (exaggerative as a closet), deviant, men into feminine things, women into manly things (butch). Heterosexuality: Into their own genders thing, a man and woman relationship with a family and marriage, common kissing, shows of affection and sex scenes with the opposite gender.
  7. 7. REPRESENTATION: PHYSICAL ABILITY/DISABILITY Mass media representations of disability have generally been oppressive and negative. People with disabilities are rarely presented as people with their own identities. They are typically shown as: • Pitiable • Pathetic • Sweet • Innocent
  8. 8. REPRESENTATION: CLASS AND STATUS • Upper Class- Those who benefit from these processes, i.e. the monarchy, the upper class and the very wealthy, generally receive a positive press as celebrities who are somehow deserving of their position. • Middle Class- The middle class are over-represented on TV dramas and situation comedies. • Working Class- when news organizations focus on the working class, it is generally to label them as a problem, e.g. as welfare cheats, drug addicts or criminals
  9. 9. STEREOTYPES Dictionary definition: A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. Simple meaning: When people are placed into a certain group with expected behavior and looks.
  10. 10. STEREOTYPES: AGE Young children- Bubbly, active, happy, always laughing, eats lots of sweets. Teenagers- Rebellious, lazy, egocentric, irresponsible, material things, socializing. Old People- Slow, fragile, slow drivers, bad hearing, memory loss, grey/white hair.
  11. 11. STEREOTYPES: GENDER Female- Not good at sports, not good drivers, are not as smart as men, females always clean, they only care for as a job, beautiful looking. Male- Provider for the family, strong, muscular, independent, competitive, breadwinner.
  12. 12. STEREOTYPES: ETHNICITY Chinese- Smart, always have great grades, are doctors and nurses, have a successful life. Irish- Always drunk, aggressive, eat a lot of potatoes. English- Posh accents, smart, wonky and gap filled teeth, always drink tea.
  13. 13. STEREOTYPES: SEXUALITY Gay- Feminine postures, high pitch voices, very attention seeking. Lesbian- Very manly, big in size e.g. butch, manly features, wear mens clothing.
  14. 14. STEREOTYPES: CLASS AND STATUS High class- Posh, very educated, have a lot of money, come from private schools, only expect the highest of peoples ability. Middle class- Have well paid jobs, live in basic homes, volunteer in the community. Lower class- School drop outs, dependent on the governments money, live in rented run down houses.
  15. 15. STEREOTYPES: PHYSICAL ABILITY/DISABILITY The media continue to enforce disability stereotypes portraying disabled individuals in a negative un-empowering way. • A disabled person is often stereotyped as: • Pitiable or pathetic • An object of curiosity or violence • Sinister or evil • The super cripple • As atmosphere • Laughable • His/her own worst enemy • As a burden • As Non-sexual • Being unable to participate in daily life
  16. 16. VERISIMILITUDE Means how close the story line is to realistic or truthful events that happen in day to day life.
  17. 17. REGIONAL IDENTITY The representation of regional identity commonly involves stereotypes which are caused by class, status and ethnicity. A character’s regional identity is often represented through where they live, their appearance, job, opinions/ideals and more commonly through their accent. Examples of regional identity stereotypes are: • Londoners • Essex • Geordies • Scousers • Northerners