The exam will be a viewing of a 4-5 minute TV drama and then
creating a textual analysis of it and discuss how it represents a
construction on one of the following
• Class and Status
• Physical ability/ disability
• Regional Identity.
We will construct this textual analysis by looking at the camera
shots/angles/movement , sound types, editing and mise-en-
• Establishing Shot- Also known as an ‘Extreme Long Shot’,
it shows where the scene will take place.
• Master Shot- This shows the limit of action, basically
where all the action will take place.
• Over The Shoulder Shot- This is the common way to film
• Following Over The Shoulder Shot- Again, how you
present a conversation, it follows the previous over the
shoulder shot. It allows us to see a characters reaction
and keeps continuity. As a viewer we are not meant to
• Close Up Shot- This is usually a face shot and it allows us
to see a characters reaction evidently. Within this shot we
see less environment.
• Extreme Close Up Shot- A shot that produces more detail
and highlights a significant action. It tends to create more
impact for an audience and allows them to guess what is
• Medium Close Up Shot- A shot of the chest and up.
• Medium Shot- A shot of the waist and up.
• Long Shot- A shot of the entire person.
• Panorama Shot- A shot where the camera horizontally
• Tilting shot- A shot where the came vertically sweeps up
• Tracking Shot- A shot where the camera follows
• High Angle Shot- A shot where the angle is usually above
eye level and the camera tends to look down on the
• Low Angle Shot- A shot where the angle is anywhere
below the eye line, the camera is placed low.
• Canted Angle Shot- A shot where the angle is purposely
slanted to one side for dramatic effect.
• Birds Eye View Angle Shot- A shot which
shows a scene from directly overhead.
• Eye Level Angle Shot- A shot which shows a
scene from a humans perspective as if they are
observing the scene.
• Diegetic- A natural sound that is involved in the scene that
can occur on or off screen.
• Non Diegetic- An un natural sound that is used in the
scene, it can be mood music, a narrator or sound effects.
• Synchronous- A sound that occurs on screen
accompanied by the action.
• Asynchronous- When a sound occurs off screen and we
aren’t accompanied by the action.
Definition- What we can tell about a scene from everything
in a scene. E.g. the buildings, the streets, the clothes
characters wear, items in room, color scheme etc.
• Cut- Cutting straight forwardly from one shot to another.
• Action Match- One piece of action is then followed by
another bit of action e.g. a door handle being turned to
then the person walking in.
• Eye line- The eye line of a character, shows who they are
talking to or what is in focus. Creates continuity.
• Pace- The speed in which shots are cutting, emphasizes
the mood and speed of the moment.
• Jump Cut- A quick transition from one scene to another.
• Wipe- One shot replacing another, the shot travels from
one side of the frame to the other.
• Dissolve- A shot changing from one shot to another very
• Fade- When a shot changes to a single color (usually
black or white and indicates the beginning or start of
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