The Walled Garden approach to Social Networking with Ning

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Research presentation given at SITE 2009 on the use of Social Networking in a distance education classroom.

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The Walled Garden approach to Social Networking with Ning

  1. 1. The “Walled Garden” approach to Social Networking: Utilizing Ning in distance education. <ul><li>Bethany V. Smith & Lori B. Holcomb </li></ul><ul><li>College of Education, NC State University </li></ul>
  2. 2. boyd & Eliison (2007) define social networking as: web based services that allow individuals to
  3. 3. (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system
  4. 4. (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection
  5. 5. (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. The nature and nomenclature of these connections may vary from site to site
  6. 6. 42,089,200
  7. 7. 18-24 40%
  8. 8. 25-34 26%
  9. 9. Student Use
  10. 10. Ellison et al (2007) surveyed 286 students, 94% were users of Facebook.
  11. 11. Communication Use <ul><li>Class work </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Exams </li></ul><ul><li>Vent concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Gain clarification on assignment </li></ul>(Selwyn, 2007)
  12. 12. Even though they had Blackboard
  13. 13. But do we, as pre-service educators want to endorse Facebook usage?
  14. 14. Ning: The Walled Garden Approach
  15. 15. The “walled garden” is a term coined by former TeleCommunications, Inc. founder, John Malone to describe a closed network that limits subscribers’ choices to a restricted range of content (Van Tassel, 2006)
  16. 16. Ning
  17. 18. * Nomenclature may be changed within each respective Ning network Ning Facebook Comment Wall The Wall Blog Post Status Update Latest Activity News Feed Photos Photos “ My Page” Profile Page Friends* Friends Blog Post Notes
  18. 19. Does a student-centered online tool, such as Ning, foster knowledge construction through discussion boards more than a class-focused online tool, such as a traditional CMS?
  19. 21. Discussion Board
  20. 23. Interaction Analysis Model Gunawardena, C. N., Lowe, C., & Anderson, T. (1997)
  21. 24. Phase I <ul><li>Sharing and comparing of information </li></ul>
  22. 25. Phase II <ul><li>Discovery and exploration of dissonance or inconsistency among participants </li></ul>
  23. 26. Phase III <ul><li>Negotiation of meaning or knowledge co-construction: </li></ul>
  24. 27. Phase IV <ul><li>Testing and modification </li></ul>
  25. 28. Phase V <ul><li>Phrasing of agreement and applications of newly constructed meaning </li></ul>
  26. 30. Lack of diversity common
  27. 32. Week 8
  28. 33. Phase Number of Postings Percentage Phase I 4 28% Phase II 7 50% Phase III 2 14% Phase IV 2 7% Phase V 1 0.06%
  29. 34. Started by a Student
  30. 35. Controversial Topic
  31. 36. Implications for Practice
  32. 37. Creating a Walled Garden
  33. 38. Shift of current discussion board expectations
  34. 39. Tool acquisition
  35. 40. Bethany Smith [email_address] [email_address]

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