• Hold it steady
• Use natural sunlight whenever possible
• Put the sun behind you
• Get close…almost too close
• Use proportion
• Use the horizon as a guide
Rule of Thirds
Imaginary lines are drawn
dividing the image into thirds
both horizontally and
vertically. You place
important elements of your
composition where these
Up-close & Personal
• Embracing your inner zoom & the
MACRO feature on your camera
• The macro mode button, when pressed,
switches the camera into a special
close focus mode and allows the
photographer to shoot less than 10cm
from the picture subject.
• The camera is not
locked in a
• Vertical pictures
suit some subjects
better - and are
much easier to add
• Keep taking pictures - you have space!
To Flash or not to Flash
• Use natural light whenever possible
• Use flash sparingly
• If unsure, take one with and one without
and decide later!
• Memory cards store the actual data files
of your photos
• The bigger the memory card the more
photos you can take
• The faster the memory card the faster
you can take pictures
• The memory card type is not as
important as the two above features
• Find the following in the FI
• Mr. Friday
• A flower
• A person working
• A pen
• Something in the shape of a circle
You have 20
What is a Mega Pixel?
• What is a Pixel first…
• A pixel (short for picture element, using the
common abbreviation "pix" for "picture") is
one of the many tiny dots that make up the
representation of a picture in a computer's
What is a Mega Pixel?
• A unit equal to one million pixels.
• The higher the resolution, the more pixels in
an image and therefore the greater the image
• An image file that is 1 megapixel (MP) can
make a photo realistic print of 5 x 7 inches; a
2 MP file can make an 8 x 10-inch print; a 3
MP file can make an 11 x 14-inch print.
To Crop or not to crop
• There is always room to crop!
• Use the rule of thirds
• Keep original
• Don’t be afraid to get in close
• The number of pixels per square inch on a
computer-generated display; the greater the
resolution, the better the picture.
• For display on a screen, 72 pixels per inch
both vertically and horizontally is the
• For print work, a higher number will give
better results, such as 300 dots per inch.
• With higher resolution, more memory space
will be used for the image.
What do MP & Resolution
have to do with me?
• To find the largest photo quality image
you can print, simply divide each
dimension by ppi (I.e. 300 or 72)
• A 3.2 MP camera has a resolution of 2048
This will make excellent
4x6, but don’t print 8x10
• By pixel
• During Export
• In program
• Size for purpose
• GIF - raster-based color graphics file format,
often used on the World Wide Web to store
graphics. This is the type best used for
• JPEG - A graphic format that allows images
to be viewed on the Web. It allows
compression of memory, using less space
and facilitating faster load time on a Web
page. This is the type best used for
• GIF Images- Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)
images are the most common type of image found on
the Web. GIF images are limited to 256 colors, which
is the same number of colors most computer monitors
• JPEG Images- Joint Photographic Experts Group
(JPEG) images are commonly found on the Web.
JPEG images can have millions of colors and are often
used for photographs and very complex images.
• PNG Images- Portable Network Graphics (PNG)
images are a newer type of image specifically
designed for use on the Web. PNG images can have
millions of colors will eventually replace GIF images.