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Cite Right with APA, John B. Coleman Library

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Cite Right Workshop for PVAMU Coleman Library.

Cite Right Workshop for PVAMU Coleman Library.

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  • 1. CITERIGHT WITH APA Brought to you by the Librarians of John B. Coleman and the Writing Center.
  • 2. Citations and avoiding Plagiarism  Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional  Citations help you avoid plagiarism by giving credit to works you use in your research.  Be sure to cite:      Direct quotations Paraphrased words or ideas Data, tables, or graphs used Audio or video files, including film and television Images
  • 3. The Format Golden Rule Always follow your Instructor’s guidelines. Even when it comes to citations.
  • 4. The Basics: In-Text Citations  Parenthetical citations are used.  Author’s name and date of publication are used.  Additionally, quotations and close paragraphs require a page number  For electronic sources that do not have page numbers, use the paragraph number preceded by the abbreviation “para”.
  • 5. The Basics: In-Text Citation Examples Examples of In-Text source with Author: According to Skal, (2002) Halloween became more about the “reaffirmation of parental control” (2). Halloween has overtime become more about the “reaffirmation of parental control” (Skal, 2002, 2). Reference List Entry Skal, D. J. (2002). Death makes a holiday: A cultural history of Halloween. New York, NY: Bloomsbury.
  • 6. The Basics: In-Text Citation Examples Examples of In-Text Source without Author: On Halloween, elementary and middle school-aged pedestrian deaths are four times the amount of pedestrian deaths of the same age group when compared to any other night (Center for Disease Control, 1997, para 1). Reference List Entry  Center for Disease Control. (1997). Childhood pedestrian deaths during Halloween: United States, 1975-1996. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 46(42), 987-990.
  • 7. The Basics: In-Text Citation Examples Example of In-Text Citation with Multiple Authors Marchal et al. (2011) state that the mutant embryos of the Halloween class of genes “share a common phenotype characterized by severe disruptions in morphogenesis, low ecdysteroid titers, undifferentiated cuticle, compact appearance, a failure of head involution and dorsal closure, abnormal looping of the hindgut and inability to induce ecdysteroid responsive genes, eventually followed by death” (1). The mutant embryos of the Halloween class of genes “share a common phenotype characterized by severe disruptions in morphogenesis, low ecdysteroid titers, undifferentiated cuticle, compact appearance, a failure of head involution and dorsal closure, abnormal looping of the hindgut and inability to induce ecdysteroid responsive genes, eventually followed by death” (Marchal et al., 2011, 1).
  • 8. Reference List Entry for Multiple Authors Marchal, E., Badisco, L., Verlinden, H., Vandersmissen, T., Van Soest, S., Van Wielendaele, P., & Vanden Broeck, J. (2011). Role of the Halloween genes, spook and phantom in ecdysteroidogenesis in the desert locust, schistocerca gregaria. Journal of Insect Physiology, 57(9), 1240-1248. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2011.05.009 *note, entries with 1-7 authors will need to list all authors by last name and more than 7 authors, list first six authors use an ellipses (…) in place of the authors names followed by the last authors name. Every entry should only have 7 authors listed. Note on In-Text Citations for Multiple Authors: When there are 3-5 authors, cite all of them the first time and subsequently list only the first author followed by the phrase et al. (Latin for "and others") and the year in place of the following authors' names. For 6 or more authors, cite the first author’s lastname followed by et al. with the year in the first and subsequent citations.
  • 9. The Basics: References Page References Center for Disease Control. (1997). Childhood pedestrian deaths during Halloween: United States, 1975-1996. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 46(42), 987-990. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Clegg, D. (1998). The Halloween man. New York: Leisure Books. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=40548&site=ehost-live Kirschner, D. (Producer), & Ortega, K. (Director). (2002). Hocus pocus. [Motion Picture]. United States: Walt Disney Home Video. Marchal, E., Badisco, L., Verlinden, H., Vandersmissen, T., Van Soest, S., Van Wielendaele, P., & Vanden Broeck, J. (2011). Role of the Halloween genes, spook and phantom in ecdysteroidogenesis in the desert locust, schistocerca gregaria. Journal of Insect Physiology, 57(9), 1240-1248. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2011.05.009 Mathis, K. (2012). Arsenic and old lace. Good Housekeeping, 255(4), 150-155. Skal, D. J. (2002). Death makes a holiday: A cultural history of Halloween. New York, NY: Bloomsbury. Tsurutani, B. T., Mannucci, A. J., Iijima, B., Guarnieri, F. L., Gonzalez, W. D., Judge, D. L., . . . Pap, J. (2006). The extreme Halloween 2003 solar flares (and bastille day, 2000 flare), ICMEs, and resultant extreme ionospheric effects: A review. Advances in Space Research, 37(8), 1583-1588. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2005.05.114
  • 10. The Basics: References Page Books. Format: Lastname, Initials. (Year of Publication). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Skal, D. J. (2002). Death makes a holiday: A cultural history of Halloween. New York, NY: Bloomsbury.
  • 11. The Basics: References Page Periodicals. Format: Author(s). (Year).Title of Article. Title of Periodical , Volume(Issue), pages. Examples: Mathis, K. (2012). Arsenic and old lace. Good Housekeeping, 255(4), 150-155. Marchal, E., Badisco, L., Verlinden, H., Vandersmissen, T., Van Soest, S., Van Wielendaele, P., & Vanden Broeck, J. (2011). Role of the Halloween genes, spook and phantom in ecdysteroidogenesis in the desert locust, schistocerca gregaria. Journal of Insect Physiology, 57(9), 1240-1248. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2011.05.009
  • 12. The Basics: References Page Government Document. Format: Term or article title. (Year). Article title (if one, if not italicize name of document. Name of document. If applicable, volume(issue), page range. Place of Publication: Publisher. Example:  Center for Disease Control. (1997). Childhood pedestrian deaths during Halloween: United States, 1975-1996. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 46(42), 987-990. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • 13. The Basics: References Page Film. Format: Producer, P. (Producer), & Director, D. (Director). (Date of publication).Title Of Film. [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio or distributor. Example: Kirschner, D. (Producer), & Ortega, K. (Director). (2002). Hocus pocus. [Motion Picture]. United States: Walt Disney Home Video.
  • 14. For Help or Questions: Ask a Librarian @ John B. Coleman Library The Writing Center askalibrarian@pvamu.edu writingcenter@pvamu.edu 936-261-1535 936-261-3724 Located on the 1st floor of the library Located in Hilliard Hall Rm. 121 and Coleman Library Rm. 209 (Tutoring Center) Follow us on Twitter: @PVAMULibrary

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