Literature SearchingParamedic Practice Falmer Library
Journal articles: What and Why?• Academic publications published regularly containing articles by academics and practitioners.• Journals can be academic or practitioner focused.• Why use them?-• They provide current perspective• Contain information that might not be available elsewhere• Academically credible. Many undergo Peer Review process.
Online databases…The best way of finding relevant journal articlesis searching in the health related databases.These are available from theOnline Library http://library.brighton.ac.ukTo find one relevant for you click on “Resourcesby Subject”
Database Details Databases...(2) Comprises of 220 elected nursing journals fromBritish Nursing Index 1982. No full text. Nursing & allied health: 3,000 journals, 1 milCINAHL with full text records, inc articles, health care books, nursing dissertations, selected conf proceedings, standards of practice, book chapters... 5,000 journal titles, 17 mil records, going back toPubMed / Medline 1950. Medicine, nursing & allied health. Some full text where available. Database containing reliable evidence about theThe Cochrane Library effects of healthcare, including systematic reviews, clinical trials, controlled trials An Information 02/12/2011 Services Presentation
Database Details Databases...(2) Provides easy access to a comprehensiveNHS Evidence evidence base for clinicians, public health professionals, commissioners and service managers making decisions on treatments or use of resources – to improve health and patient care. Provides a portal to a variety of online resources. 2500 journals, from 1800 onwards. CoversPsycInfo psychological aspects of many disciplines. 1000 titles, majority in full textProQuest Med Library An Information 02/12/2011 Services Presentation
Firstly think about…• What question are you trying to answer? – Break the question down into keywords• What do you already know? – Is there anything you’ve already read you could use?• What do you want to exclude? – Do you have a date range?
Example search… Responding to elderly people who fallparamedic OR prehospital care OR ambulance AND elder* OR old*people OR aged AND Fall* OR accident
Constructing a search strategy…• Think about your keywords – Are there any other words you could use to describe them?• Are you searching for an exact expression? – Putting an expression in (brackets) or “speech marks” will help find these• Use AND, OR, NOT – children AND teenagers – articles must have both these words – children OR teenagers – articles can have either word – children NOT teenagers – will only find the first word
Constructing a search strategy…• Use truncation – By using * you can extend your results e.g. child* will find child, children, childhood• Use field searching – Databases let you search within the author, title, abstract, journal name etc. This may help narrow your results• Be flexible – If at first you don’t succeed re-examine your keywords!
Finding full-text…Databases will often only give you an abstract orshort description of an article. If there is no full-text link on the page then look forBy clicking on this you can check whether wehold an article electronically.
Other things to think about…• Currency – databases let you limit your search by date, some lecturers will only want you to include current materials• Peer-reviewed – some databases let you search for peer-reviewed articles, these have been reviewed by experts on that subject• Types of articles – you may want to find case studies, qualitative or quantitative research, literature reviews etc. you can add these as keywords to your search – primary or secondary sources – databases find both, so be aware of this when searching