What is Flea Allergy Dermatitis
Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD) is a common skin disease
in dogs that have had repeated exposure to flea bites.
Here is everything you need to know about
flea allergy dermatitis in dogs.
Fleas seek out a host, a dog or other animal, that will supply them
with an abundance of food.
They feed on the blood of dogs by puncturing the skin with a needle like
apparatus, which allows the fleas to gain access to blood vessels.
The cause of the sensitivity or allergic reaction to flea bites
is from the saliva that the flea produces.
When a flea bites, it also releases saliva and injects it
into the skin at the moment the bite happens.
The saliva irritates the skin causing
Itching and other symptoms.
Dogs usually show signs and symptoms of flea allergy
dermatitis between the ages of 1 year to 3 years.
Symptoms include severe itching, licking, biting, scratching,
lesions, scabs and hair loss in certain areas of the body.
Fleas tend to focus on two main areas of a dog’s body:
the abdomen and flank areas.
Conducting a skin inspection of your dog is the first step to diagnosis.
Focus on locating fleas, eggs, skin lesions and any other
unusual markings on the skin.
When the appearance of fleas is detected,
visiting a veterinarian is highly recommended
for further treatment.
Popular preventative steps that many pet owners conduct
include bathing a dog by submerging it in water up to its neck
to drown the fleas.
Veterinarians will also recommend specialized flea prevention medications
and can provide additional advice to keep the fleas at bay.
Treatment for flea allergy dermatitis should always
come from a licensed veterinarian.
Common medicated treatments include antibiotics,
antihistamines, cortisone and steroids.
Steroids should only be used as a short-term resolution,
since they are known to have side effects.
THE BOTTOM LINE
Take action and prevent your dog from
suffering due to flea allergy dermatitis.
An important factor in flea prevention is making sure
to treat the entire household.
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Flea Allergy Dermatitis?