Crisis Code Camp Technical Research
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SHDH36 Crisis Code Camp Technical Research

SHDH36 Crisis Code Camp Technical Research

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Crisis Code Camp Technical Research Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Technical Research 2010 Haiti Earthquake @CrisisCamp SHDH Jan 17, 2010
  • 2. 2010 Haiti Earthquake Jan 12, 2010 Tue 21:53 UTC (4:53 pm local time) 7.0-magnitude earthquake Epicenter near Leogane 25 km (16 miles) west of capital Earthquake occurred at a depth of 13 km (8.1 mile) On Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system in the south locked solid for 250 years
  • 3. 2010 Haiti Earthquake 7.0 M Earthquake occurred along a strike-slip fault where one side of a vertical slips horizontally past the other California’s San Andreas fault is also characterized as strike-slip
  • 4. 2010 Haiti Earthquake At least 33 aftershocks 14 of 33 aftershocks in magnitudes of 5.0 and 5.9 Estimated 3 million of Haitians are affected Estimated 200,000 deaths exceeding Red Cross estimates of 45,000-50,000 70,000 bodies are buried in mass graves (30% of dead bodies)
  • 5. 2010 Haiti Earthquake Most hospitals in the area were destroyed Structures & people on surface were exposed to tremors since the quake is under land and the fault is shallow M 7.0 earthquake is 65 km (40 mile) long with mean slip of 1.8 m (5.9 ft)
  • 6. 2010 Haiti Earthquake Recorded six aftershocks within 2 hours in magnitudes of 5.9, 5.5, 5.1, 4.8, 4.5, 4.5 Within 9 hrs 26 afterpenisshocks of magnitude >4.2 (12 of them >5.0)
  • 7. 2010 Haiti Earthquake Haiti has no building codes with low construction standards Some buildings were built on slopes with insufficient foundations or steel 2 million Haitians live as squatters on land they don’t own suffers from shortages of fuel & potable water even before earthquake
  • 8. 2010 Haiti Earthquake Lack of medical and rescue infrastructure and personnel Medical facilities are badly damaged Many of the injured in the initial days after the earthquake didn’t have access to health care and died Some reports indicated 250,000 Haitians sustained injuries and one million Haitians were left homeless
  • 9. 2010 Haiti Earthquake Haiti has virtually no heavy machinery to lift tons of rubble Red Cross’s forensic specialists are recovering & identifying quake victims
  • 10. 2010 Haiti Relief Dominican Republic has sent eight mobile medical units along with 36 doctors including orthopedics, traumatologists, anesthesiologists, and surgeons Same government has dispatched 10 mobile kitchens and 110 cooks who can prepare 100,000 meals per day
  • 11. 2010 Haiti Relief Qatar sent 50 tones of urgent relief materials setting up field hospital Israel established a field hospital near United Nations building China dispatched a chartered plane of 10 tons of tents, food, medical equipment, sniffer dogs, 60-member earthquake relief team
  • 12. 2010 Haiti Relief American Red Cross set a record of mobile donating accepting $10 donations by cellular phone text messages raising $7 million in 24 hours OpenStreetMap improve mapping using post- earthquake satellite photography provided by GeoEye Ushahidi coordinated messages from multiple sites to assist Haitians still trapped or get words to family members of survivors Red Cross site receive 5,000 registrations mostly from US & Canada to find missing Haitians
  • 13. 2010 Haiti Relief Argentine Military Field Hospital was the only one available until Jan 13, 2010 Doctors Without Borders operated out of two hospitals treating about 500 people who needed emergency surgery Parking lot served as triage center Wounded were forced to lie in tents for treatment
  • 14. 2010 Haiti Relief By Jan 16, 2010 seven Field Hospitals had been established with available rooms without electricity Most serious procedures involved caesarian sections and amputations A doctor from “Doctors Without Borders) perform 400 amputations on patients who had been trapped in buildings
  • 15. 2010 Haiti Relief Some medical teams ran out of supplies they arrived with. Construct splints out of cardboard while re-using latex gloves Other rescue units are forced to withdraw as night fell for security reasons 600 emergency flights had landed and 50 were diverted. Before earthquake 380,000 orphans in Haiti
  • 16. Relief Calculation Template Individual needs at least 15 liters a day. Sometimes one survive with 6 liters a day for a limited amount of time “Sphere” handbook provides guidelines for how best to respond to humanitarian emergencies Local Assessment on shelter - count no. of houses destroyed in a limited area and extrapolate for whole affected area Base on past experience on previous earthquakes on media reports & info on the ground
  • 17. Haiti Republic of Haiti Caribbean country Total Area: 27,751 sq. km (10,714 sq mi) Population: 10,033,000 Capital: Port-au-Prince Currency: Gourde (HTG) Official Languages: Haitian Creole & French Time Zone: UTC-5 95% Black, 5% Mulatto & Internet TLD: .ht White Calling Code: 509
  • 18. Haiti Haiti is divided into ten departments departments are divided into 41 arrondissements 133 communes of 2nd & 3rd Level administrative divisions
  • 19. Haiti ! 1. Artibonite (Gonaïves) 2.! Centre (Hinche) !3.! Grand'Anse (Jérémie) !4.! Nippes (Miragoâne) !5.! Nord (Cap-Haïtien) !6.! Nord-Est (Fort-Liberté) !7.! Nord-Ouest (Port-de-Paix) !8.! Ouest (Port-au-Prince) !9.! Sud-Est (Jacmel) !10.!Sud (Les Cayes)
  • 20. Haiti Environment Deforestation & soil erosion has caused periodic flooding & mudslides
  • 21. Haiti Health 50% of children are unvaccinated 40% of population are access to basic health care 50% of deaths are related to 1) HIV /AIDS 2) Respiratory infections 3) Meningitis 4) Diarrheal diseases including cholera & typhoid 90% of children suffer from waterborne diseases & intestinal parasites 5% of Adult is infected with HIV Tuberculosis (TB) are ten times as high as other Latin American countries 30,000 suffer from Malaria
  • 22. Haiti Economy Haiti is considered as the poorest country & least developed in the Americas Nominal GDP of 7.018 billion USD in 2009 GDP per capita of 790 USD Most Haitians live on $2 or less per day 65.9% literacy rate is lowest in the region Over 80% college graduates emigrated to US
  • 23. Haiti Economy 66% Haitians work in agricultural sector in small-scale subsistence farming Mangoes & coffee are two most important exports Foreign aid is 30-40% of national government’s budget (US, Canada, European Union)
  • 24. Haiti Education 15,200 primary schools, 90% non-public 67% primary school enrollment <30% reach 6th grade 20% reach secondary school Education system is based on French system
  • 25. Haiti Population 50% of 10 Million Haitians are under 20 year old Highest fertility rate in Western Hemisphere
  • 26. Red Cross Estimates 3 million Haitians will require aid ranging from shelter to food and clean water for a full year
  • 27. References
  • 28. Haiti Capital Port-au-Prince 18° 32′ 0″ N, 72° 20′ 0″ W 18.533333, -72.333333 http://stable.toolserver.org/geohack/geohack.php? pagename=Haiti&params=18_32_N_72_20_W_type:country
  • 29. Haiti Climate Tropical Climate Rainy season is in summer May-Jul Rains last for an hr or two in the evening Hurricane season is Jul-Oct Winters Dec-Jan is dry Day temperature 70s-80s F / 23-32 C Night temperature 60s-70s F / 15-27C
  • 30. Medical Relief Supplies Antibiotics IV solutions Hospital supplies for patients with trauma injuries Bandages and other first aid materials Pain relievers Primary care medicines for children and adults
  • 31. Sphere Project Humanitarian Charter & Minimum Standards in Disaster Response 2010 Revised Edition http://www.sphereproject.org/content/view/530/302/lang,english/