EDUCATIONAL PATTERNS IN THE PAST AND IN THE PRESENT IN BULGARIA
This presentation aims to present a concise but systematic Bulgarianeducational patterns in the past and in the present and the unity of traditions and innovations in it.
The first monastery schools Types: to monasteries to the churches schools with public character, whose emergence dates in the 18th century
Introduction of the Lancasterian Monitorial System of Education The emergence of the first Bulgarian Primer Fish Primer of Petar Beron - the first textbook
Russian experience German theory of civic education John Deweys ideas about labor school John Rasli`s ideas for better use of art as part of training The ideas of Rousseau and Tolstoy for active education
Results: absorption of the material in a relatively short time promoting self- confidence for trainers already increased ambition in students
Results: experimental classes exceeded a success of the other classes the number of poor ratings have fallen sharply the number of the excellent marks has increased learn the material faster and easier
•This educational activity is presented aseducational activities of young people whotrain others "close to them in age, origin orinterest."•This type of training is considered moreas obtaining advice from a friend•The topics are mainly health education
The pedagogical system of Maria Montessori (1870-1952)"I teach children, and they teach me how to be trained" The Italian doctor complies with : age characteristics in Child Development its needs at any particular stage children to learn with minimal effort and with much joy The objectives of the system are: child to feel individual, respected by adults and peers children to develop according to their natural internal plan they accumulate the required practical experience This makes them independent and autonomous
Method: baby developing harmonious combining knowledge of the world aesthetic education practical skillsThe followers of Walldorf watch the activities of the teacher as an art. They agree that: • The main task of the child in this first period of his life is to develop your body mainly through a lot of movement, rhythm games, listening to stories and free games. • That consideration of the individuality of the child at any time and any daynost is the only • A healthy lifestyle for children is a fundamental principle, which requires slow pace of work, closeness to nature and protection from the fallout of civilization (the excessive use of plastics, TVs and computers) • The only way children learn, they say, is personal example of the adults. For all that the teachers behavior at work is consistent with this, what it has set itself the task to teach children.
The philosophy of the programme "Step by Step" is built mainly on theoretical concepts of Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson and L. S. Vygotsky on personality development. Objectives of the programme: To create a learning environment on the basis of mutual respect and democratic principles Forming attitudes to change, creative imagination, making choices and critical thinking To build exercises for self-discovery and problem solving
Innovation and tradition are two interdependent sides of the development of Bulgarian education.Traditions are characterized by sustainability, stability and a certain inertia. On the other hand, education can not exist unless it is developed and updated. Universal characteristics of each educational culture is unity between tradition and innovation.
Innovations in education are 3 types : In educational legislationThe new Draft Law on Public Education in Bulgaria will be ready in 2-3 months. It provides for the introduction of new Europeaneducational practices and current models that will enhance the quality of education and consistency with the requirements of mobility and European values.
Structural Innovationslighter curriculum by 50 percent the ratio of new to old lessons will be reduced to 60 to 40 Private Schools External evaluation state matriculation exams; 2-year compulsory pre-school education and training fromage 5 full time education up to grade 7 Introduction of ICT; Qualification of teachers Integrated education of children with SEN Differentiated teacher pay Delegated Budgets Career development for teachers
Project development in Bulgarian schools Good school practices based on a new application of interactive methods Students` self-government and civic education Extracurricular and club activities Work with outstanding students 19-year old student decided mystery that 2 thousand years of struggling humanity. Radko Kotev by the National Mathematics High School presented Apollonius decision task, which stunned the world of science Models of integrated education Multimedia presentations, electronic tutorials, websites
1.Raising in the education to a top priority of the statepolicy.2.Introduction of the universal preschool education.3Development of the basic education for all as a basisfor quality and specialized vocational training andlifelong learning.4.Development of current mobile system forvocational education in a market economy.5.Undertaking special care and education of childrenin socially disadvantaged, those with specialeducational needs and children at risk.6. Development of the network of current mobile andformal and informal forms of adult education as abasis for a successful career and lifelong learning.7.To build a modern teaching environment to provideconditions for quality education.8. Raising in social and professional status of theBulgarian teacher.