 Parfumes are one of the most difficult accessories to define
and to pin down , the reason being that they are such a per...
Perfume is thousands of years old
Word "perfume" comes from the Latin per fume
"through smoke".
A mixture of fragrant esse...
The Egyptians were the first to incorporate perfume into
their culture followed by the ancient Chinese, Hindus,
Israelites...
Perfume In Arab
• Perfume use in daily life
• Muslims used amber musk and
roses
• Religious aspect
•Nowdays top brands often select
and create the best scents on the market.
They’re classy, unmistakable and will
sweep you...
Top 5 Best Perfumes 2014
Men Women
5. Million by Paco Rabbane
4. The One by Dolce & Gabbana
3. Spicebomb by Viktor & Rolf
...
Bark
Flowers & blossoms
Fruits
 Leaves & twigs
 Resin
 Roots, rhizomes & bulbs
Seeds
Woods
Ambergris
Castoreum
Civet
Hyraceum
Honey comb
Deer musk
Animal Products
• Some perfume ingredients are animal products. For example, castor
comes from beavers, musk from male dee...
Calone - imparts a fresh ozonous
metallic marine scent
Linalool and coumarin -
synthesized from terpenes
White musk
MOST COMMON CHEMICALS IN THIRTY-ONE
FRAGRANCE PRODUCTS [BASED ON A] 1991
EPA STUDY
ACETONE BENZELDEHY
DE
BENZYL
ACETATE
BE...
• 400 plant and 5 animal matters are
used for perfume making
• Then alcohol is mixed with the oils in
different ratios
Per...
• Many oils are extracted usually from plants through the following
methods:
Collection
Steam Distillation
Solvent Extract...
Collection
2. Steam Distillation:
• Passage of steam, produces oil gas
• The gas is then sent to cooled
tubes and is liquefied
• A lo...
Steam
Distillation
Steam Distillation
Solvent Extraction
3. Solvent Extraction:
Perfume Manufacturing
Rotation of
flowers in a
container
Produces a
waxy
material
Evaporation
of al...
3. Solvent Extraction:
Perfume Manufacturing
4. Effleurage:
• The flowers are spread over glass sheets with
grease on it
• The grease absorbs the fragrance
• Cold effl...
Enfleurage
Maceration
Perfume Manufacturing
5. Maceration:
What Is Maceration??
• A lot similar to enfleurage
• Instead it uses warm fats dissol...
Expression
6. Expression:
• The simplest of all, used on citrus plants, their flowers and
peels
• Manual extraction
• Steel Pick Expr...
Hypercritical CO2 Extraction of Essential Oils for
Perfume Making: A Modern Way of Oil
Extraction
8. Hypercritical CO2 Extraction:
• A new way of extraction of oils
• An expensive way though
• CO2 is used in this method
...
Hypercritical CO2 Extraction
Flow Sheet
• Feeling of elegance comes from perfumes. Perfumes and
fragrances are used to scent wide variety of body and bath
product...
Skin problems
Carcinogenicity
Aggravate lung disease.
Affect the brain as well
Cause instant headaches, dizziness, nausea ...
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS :
• They modify brain blood flow, alter blood pressure,
pulse, and mood and trigger migraine headac...
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
• Fragrances are volatile compounds and are constantly released into
the air. The widespread use and...
PRECAUTIONS
• Donot use perfume oil internally
• If you have a highly sensitive skin,
please consult with a physician
befo...
• People with high blood pressure should
avoid the more stimulating essential oils,
such as basil, rosemary and thyme.
• P...
The Future
• Aromatherapy—smelling oils and fragrances to cure physical and emotional
problems—is being revived to help ba...
THANK YOU
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
All about perfumes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

All about perfumes

3,960

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,960
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
238
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • 3 CNS DEPPRESENTS2 CNS IRRITANTS1 SENSITIZER2 RESPIRATORY CNS2 NARCOTICS 3 CARCINOGENS
  • All about perfumes

    1. 1.  Parfumes are one of the most difficult accessories to define and to pin down , the reason being that they are such a personal choice and have so many elusive qualities. Even though perfumes are expensive (for both men and women), they are well worth the money , as they can conjure up a host of feelings and be a pleasant experience for both the wearer thereof, as well the people close to the person wearing the perfume.
    2. 2. Perfume is thousands of years old Word "perfume" comes from the Latin per fume "through smoke". A mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell.
    3. 3. The Egyptians were the first to incorporate perfume into their culture followed by the ancient Chinese, Hindus, Israelites, Arabs, Greeks, and Romans.
    4. 4. Perfume In Arab • Perfume use in daily life • Muslims used amber musk and roses • Religious aspect
    5. 5. •Nowdays top brands often select and create the best scents on the market. They’re classy, unmistakable and will sweep you, or the object of your affection, off your feet.
    6. 6. Top 5 Best Perfumes 2014 Men Women 5. Million by Paco Rabbane 4. The One by Dolce & Gabbana 3. Spicebomb by Viktor & Rolf 2. Tobacco Vanille by Tom Ford 1. Gucci Pour Homme By Gucci 5: Chanel No. 4. Gucci by Gucci 3. Pure poison from Dior 2. Donna Karan Cashmere Mist 1. Forbidden Euphoria Calvin Klein
    7. 7. Bark Flowers & blossoms Fruits  Leaves & twigs  Resin  Roots, rhizomes & bulbs Seeds Woods
    8. 8. Ambergris Castoreum Civet Hyraceum Honey comb Deer musk
    9. 9. Animal Products • Some perfume ingredients are animal products. For example, castor comes from beavers, musk from male deer, and ambergris from the sperm whale. • Animal substances are often used as fixatives that enable perfume to evaporate slowly and emit odors longer. • Alcohol and sometimes water are used to dilute ingredients in perfumes.
    10. 10. Calone - imparts a fresh ozonous metallic marine scent Linalool and coumarin - synthesized from terpenes White musk
    11. 11. MOST COMMON CHEMICALS IN THIRTY-ONE FRAGRANCE PRODUCTS [BASED ON A] 1991 EPA STUDY ACETONE BENZELDEHY DE BENZYL ACETATE BENZYL ALCOHOL CAMPHOR LIMONEN E METHYLEN E CHLORIDE ETHANO L ETHYL ACETAT E LINALOOL a- PINENE g- TERPINENE a- TERPINEOL
    12. 12. • 400 plant and 5 animal matters are used for perfume making • Then alcohol is mixed with the oils in different ratios Perfume Manufacturing
    13. 13. • Many oils are extracted usually from plants through the following methods: Collection Steam Distillation Solvent Extraction Effleurage Maceration Expression Perfume Manufacturing
    14. 14. Collection
    15. 15. 2. Steam Distillation: • Passage of steam, produces oil gas • The gas is then sent to cooled tubes and is liquefied • A lot of flowers for a very small amount of the oil Perfume Manufacturing
    16. 16. Steam Distillation
    17. 17. Steam Distillation
    18. 18. Solvent Extraction
    19. 19. 3. Solvent Extraction: Perfume Manufacturing Rotation of flowers in a container Produces a waxy material Evaporation of alcohol Waxy substance into alcohol Addition of a solvent Oil of higher concentration
    20. 20. 3. Solvent Extraction: Perfume Manufacturing
    21. 21. 4. Effleurage: • The flowers are spread over glass sheets with grease on it • The grease absorbs the fragrance • Cold effleurage • Warm effleurage Perfume Manufacturing
    22. 22. Enfleurage
    23. 23. Maceration
    24. 24. Perfume Manufacturing 5. Maceration: What Is Maceration?? • A lot similar to enfleurage • Instead it uses warm fats dissolved in alcohol • Very much same as the solvent extraction also
    25. 25. Expression
    26. 26. 6. Expression: • The simplest of all, used on citrus plants, their flowers and peels • Manual extraction • Steel Pick Expression • ‘Through Sponge’ Expression Perfume Manufacturing
    27. 27. Hypercritical CO2 Extraction of Essential Oils for Perfume Making: A Modern Way of Oil Extraction
    28. 28. 8. Hypercritical CO2 Extraction: • A new way of extraction of oils • An expensive way though • CO2 is used in this method Perfume Manufacturing
    29. 29. Hypercritical CO2 Extraction
    30. 30. Flow Sheet
    31. 31. • Feeling of elegance comes from perfumes. Perfumes and fragrances are used to scent wide variety of body and bath products such as cologne, deodorant, after shave lotions, hair care products etc. But do you know that these wonderful perfumes can be dangerous for you? Here are some side effects and problems caused due to perfumes
    32. 32. Skin problems Carcinogenicity Aggravate lung disease. Affect the brain as well Cause instant headaches, dizziness, nausea and mood swings. Sinus, watery eyes, inability to focus mentally etc. Absorbed by the skin and introduced into the blood stream.
    33. 33. NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS : • They modify brain blood flow, alter blood pressure, pulse, and mood and trigger migraine headaches. • Musk ambrette, used for decades, was found to be neurotoxic • Several common fragrances, when inhaled, have potent sedative effects. • CNS disorders also include Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease.
    34. 34. ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS • Fragrances are volatile compounds and are constantly released into the air. The widespread use and vast number of fragranced products cause extensive indoor and outdoor pollution. • They are persistent and accumulate in different compartments of the environment.
    35. 35. PRECAUTIONS • Donot use perfume oil internally • If you have a highly sensitive skin, please consult with a physician before use • Before applying any perfume or body oils to the skin, always test a small area of skin for any adverse reactions. • Use caution when using perfume oil products that contain citrus oils. They can irritate sensitive skin.
    36. 36. • People with high blood pressure should avoid the more stimulating essential oils, such as basil, rosemary and thyme. • People with low blood pressure should avoid the more sedating essential oils, such as clary sage, ylang ylang and lavender. • People with asthma should avoid using essential oils. • Keep perfume oil out of the reach of pets and children.
    37. 37. The Future • Aromatherapy—smelling oils and fragrances to cure physical and emotional problems—is being revived to help balance hormonal and body energy. Smelling sweet smells also affects one's mood and can be used as a form of psychotherapy. Like aromatherapy, more research is being conducted to synthesize human perfume—that is, the body scents we produce to attract or repel other humans. Humans, like other mammals, release pheromones to attract the opposite sex. New perfumes are being created to duplicate the effect of pheromones and stimulate sexual arousal receptors in the brain. Not only may the perfumes of the future help people cover up "bad" smells, they could improve their physical and emotional well-being as well as their sex lives.
    38. 38. THANK YOU
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×