EDUCATION IN THEPHILIPPINES DURING THEAMERICAN PERIOD (1898-1942)By: Yana, Nerissa P. Alfar, Florlyn Gill P.
Educational Goals To promote democratic ideals and way of life. Formation of good citizens, including the rights and responsibilities of people.
Highlights of Education Duringthe American Time: Education Act of 1901 laid the foundation of the Philippine Public school system. In August 1901, 600 teachers called “Thomasites” arrived. English was made medium of instruction
Curricular structure and programs were patterned from the U.S. There were 3 levels of education: Elementary level, Secondary or High school level, and College or Tertiary level. New subject areas were introduced.
Religion was not included in the curriculum of the schools. Normal, vocational, agricultural, and business schools were also opened. Schools were also built in non- catholic areas like Sulu in Mindanao, and in Mountain Province.
“Adult Education” the Pensionado Program was established on 26 August 1903.
Issues Public School System English language was used as a medium of instruction.
Strengths, and Weaknessesduring that time:Strengths: Education allowed the Americans to spread, share their culture. Gave everyone chance to study. Equality between men and women
Religious freedom. Technical/ vocational skills were emphasized. The knowledge of Filipinos in reading and writing were very high.
Weaknesses Americans’ main objective is to colonize and use the country and its people. Education was the most powerful means in pursuing peaceful relationship with the Philippines.
Education under American colonization led to widespread Americanization of the Philippines. Through education, the Americans influenced the Filipinos in terms of what they eat, to love the American culture, and most of all, to prioritize their products.
Insights “Americans thought us the importance of education, and that importance is still evident today. Before the Americans, education was not for everyone, only the elite people were given the chance of the Spaniards to study. Americans introduced the public school system and by that we should thanked them because they’re the reason why there’s Cebu Normal University, our school. We all know that they had hidden agendas for their own good that’s why they helped and educated us. But In my own opinion, I must say that both parties benefitted, what they did had a mutual effect to the Americans and to us Filipinos.”