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Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
Reproductive ailments
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Reproductive ailments

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  • 1. Reproductive Ailments By: Bernadeta Tan Galea T-III Sto, Rosario Elementary School Division of Taguig City and Pateros Pateros District NCR
  • 2. Cervicitis • Cervicitis, sometimes called non-specific cervicitis or NSC, is inflammation of the cervix (the neck of the womb) that may causevaginal discharge. Cervicitis is common and causes of cervicitis include bacteria and sexually transmitted infections.
  • 3. Cervicitis • Determining the cause of cervicitis is important. If an infection is the problem, it can spread beyond the cervix to the uterus and fallopian tubes. This may cause problems with fertility --the ability to become pregnant. Or it may cause problems with your unborn baby if you are already pregnant. • Here's what you need to know about symptoms, causes, risk factors, tests, diagnosis and treatment of cervicitis.
  • 4. What is cervicitis? • Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix, which can be due to: • Irritation • Infection • Injury of cells that line the cervix • These irritated or infected cells may become red, swollen, and ooze mucus and pus. They may also bleed easily when touched.
  • 5. What causes cervicitis? • Severe cases of inflammation are usually caused by infections that are passed during sexual activity. • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that may cause cervicitis include: • *Gonorrhoea • *Chlamydia • *Genital herpes • *Trichomoniasis
  • 6. But many women with cervicitis don't test positive for any type of infection. Other causes of the inflammation may include: • Allergies to chemicals in spermicides, douches, or to the latex rubber in condoms. • Irritation or injury from tampons, pessaries, or from birth control devices like diaphragms. • Bacterial imbalance. Normal, healthy bacteria in the vagina are overwhelmed by unhealthy or harmful bacteria. This is also called bacterial vaginosis. • Hormonal imbalance. Having relatively low oestrogen or high progesterone may interfere with the body's ability to maintain healthy cervical tissue. • Cancer or cancer treatment. Radiotherapy or cancer may, in very rare cases, cause changes to the cervix consistent with cervicitis.
  • 7. Symptoms of cervicitis • Many women with cervicitis don't have any symptoms. The condition may be discovered only after a routine examination or test. • Signs and symptoms, if present, may include: • Greyish or pale yellow vaginal discharge. • Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding after sex or between periods. • Pain during sex. • Difficult, painful or frequent urination. • Pelvic or abdominal pain or fever, in rare cases.
  • 8. Risk factors for cervicitis • You may be at greater risk of cervicitis if you: • Had recent sexual intercourse without a condom. • Recently had multiple sexual partners. • Had cervicitis before. • Studies show that cervicitis will recur in 8% to 25% of women who get it.
  • 9. Diagnosing cervicitis • If your doctor suspects you have cervicitis, he or she may do a pelvic examination. This lets the doctor get a closer look of the cervix. • The doctor will probably also swab the cervix to collect vaginal fluids or to see how easily it bleeds. • Your doctor will also probably ask questions about your sexual history. The doctor will want to know: • The number of partners you've had in the last 60 days. • Whether or not you've had sex without a condom. • The kind of contraception you used. • Even if you don't have specific symptoms of cervicitis, your doctor will perform a routine examination to look for cervicitis if he or she thinks you are at risk of an STI or you have other symptoms of a possible gynaecological problem.
  • 10. Tests for cervicitis • Your doctor will test your vaginal fluid for the presence of harmful bacteria or viruses. • He or she may also swab the cervix to check for discharge, swelling, tenderness and bleeding. • Cervicitis Treatment • You may not need treatment for cervicitis if a sexually transmitted infection is not the cause. • If an infection is suspected, the main goal of treatment is to prevent it from spreading to the uterus and fallopian tubes, or if you are pregnant, to your baby.
  • 11. • Depending on what organism is causing the infection, your doctor may prescribe: • Antibiotics • Antifungal medication • Antiviral medication • Your doctor may also recommend that your partner be treated to make sure you don't get infected again. You should not have sex until you and your partner have finished treatment. • Treatment is especially important if you are HIV positive. That's because cervicitis increases the amount of virus that is shed from the cervix. This may increase your chances of infecting a partner. Also, having cervicitis can make it easier for you to get HIV from an HIV-positive partner. • If your symptoms persist despite treatment, you should be evaluated by your doctor. • Non drug treatments like douches or yoghurt-based therapy do not work for cervicitis.
  • 12. Preventing cervicitis • You can decrease your risk of getting cervicitis by taking the following steps: • Always use condoms during sex. • Limit the number of people you have sex with. • Don't have sex with a partner who has genital sores or penile discharge. • If you get treatment for a sexually transmitted infection, ask your doctor if your partner should also be treated. • Don't use feminine hygiene products. These may cause irritation of your vagina and cervix. • If you have diabetes, try to maintain good control of your blood sugar.

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